Plato & Aristotle were Greek philosophers. Plato was born in 428 BC and died in 348 BC. Aristotle was a student of Plato who was born in 384 BC and died in 322 BC. These two philosophers are important to history because of their writings on many topics, their influence on the thinking and culture of their day, and their influence on other thinkers and philosophers throughout history.
Plato wrote about many topics, including philosophy, logic, rhetoric, and mathematics. Aristotle expanded on Plato’s teachings in these areas, and also wrote about many other subjects, including physics, poetry, music, government, and biology. For example, Aristotle’s writings on physics include his thoughts about the five elements (Fire, Earth, Air, Water, and Aether).
But both are best known as philosophers, with Plato building on the philosophy of his teacher Socrates, and Aristotle building on the teachings of both Socrates and Plato
While Plato’s teachings focused mostly on the mystical questions about the nature and meaning of life and the universe, Aristotle focused on the attempt to answer such questions by use the of deductive logic and reason. Thus both had great influence on the thinking of their day. They also greatly influenced Greek culture by their emphasis on the importance of morals in a person’s life and in society. Also, Aristotle was the mentor of Alexander the Great, just as Plato was Aristotle’s mentor. He influenced Alexander to become more interesting in studying, which carried over into Alexander’s empire.
... through imagination, sensibility and feelings. Dante can synthesize Plato and Aristotle’s views because they are working toward one ... to philosophy. Dante, a philosophical poet, successfully synthesizes Plato and Aristotle’s views in the Divine Comedy of the Inferno ... which would otherwise be nonsensical. Both the poet and philosopher seek the existence of God and of the metaphysical. ...
The influence of Plato and Aristotle has carried throughout the history of Western civilization. Much of Christian theology was shaped by their use of logic. Their methods were also used by philosophers and in the Middle Ages and by scientists in the Renaissance and by theologians in the Reformation. Aristotle’s approach to science was followed all the way up until it was replaced by Newton’s more complete and accurate teachings on physics.
Even through all these years, Aristotle is still one of the most influential people in history. He founded formal logic, helped create the study of zoology, and left every future philosopher and scientist in his debt, just as he was in debt to Plato for his thoughts. Although some of their thoughts have been found to be incorrect, their influence is still seen as a very important contributor to their day, and to science and philosophy throughout history.