Saloth Sar wanted to turn Cambodia into an isolated and totally self-sufficient Maoist agraruan state.
Pol Pot was born May 19th, 1925. His given birth name was Saloth Sar. Saloth Sar was born in Prek Sbauv in Kompong Thom Province. Prek Sbauv was a small Cambodian village about 140 kilometers north of Phnom Penh. Saloth Sar’s father was a prosperous landowner, with elite connections. His sister and a female cousin were dancer in the royal ballet in the capital Pheom Penh, living comfortably under the kings protection. At the age of six, he went to live with his brother at the royal household in Pheom Phen. In 1949, Saloth Sar wins a government scholarship to study radio elcetronics in Paris. In the winter of 1949, Saloth Sar went to study in Paris on his government scholarship. We know that he enrolled in courses connected with radio-electricity. Saloth Sar fails to obtain a degree but becomes extremly intrested in writings on Marxism and revolutionary solcialism. Saloth Sar bonds with other like minded young Cambodians studing in Paris, including Ieng Sary, Khieu Samphan, Khieu Ponnary, and Song Sen.
Sihanouk’s Coup D’etatinsprised Saloth Sar’s first known political writing. An right-page essay entitled “Monarchy or Democracy?” was pusblished in a special issue of the Khmer students’ magizine, Khmer Nisut, under the pseudonym Khmer daom. Sar’s friendship with Khieu Ponnary probably became more intense during the campaign when they worked closely with Keng Vannsak and they were married in a quiet ceremony in July 1956. Saloth Sar becomes known to the world as Pol Pot. In 1952, Pol Pot joins French Communist Party, drawn in by its anti-colonial stance. In 1953, Pol Pot joins (IHC) Indochina Communist Party which was dominanted by Viet Minh. In 1954, the government begins a crack down on communists. Pol Pot is forced to flee to the jungles near the Vietnam border to avoid arrest. In 1965, Saloth Sar is summoned to North Veitnam for consultations. Saloth Sar walked north along the Ho Chi Minh trail, he took two months to reach Hanoi, where he was taken to task for his nationalist agenda. In the following year Saloth Sar is summoned to China where the ‘cultural revolution’ has just been launched. He is influensed by the leading radicals supporting the movement and by Mao Zedong’s concept of a continuous revolution. In 1967 Pol Pot takes refuge in the Northeast of Cambodia. He lives with a hill tribe and is impressed by their simple, non-material way of life, seeing it as a realization of communist ideals. While ‘Brother Number One” was visiting Veitnam in China in 1969-1970, Nuon Chea took command of the parties head quaters in the Northeast.
... living standards and representation in the government – gaining support in the masses. Pol Pot successfully evacuated the cities by ... they seized power in Cambodia in April 1975, Saloth “Pol Pot” Sar and the Khmer Rouge were responsible for ... a peasant – Communistic state (Cook). “The CPK [Communist Party of Kampuchea] attempted to distract people’s attention from ...
On April 17th, 1975 Phnom Penh fell under the control of the Khmer Rouge, the communists Guerilla group led by Pol Pot. In 1976 a hastily written four year plan sought to triple the country’s agricultural production within a year–without fertilizer , modern tools or material incentives. Torward the end of December 1976, as the Dossiers piled up at S-21, Pol Pot conviened a study session for party Cadre. His speach on this occasion revealed his disillusionment-it teamed with reference to “enemies” and “traitors,” setting the tone for purges in 1977. The end of 1976 had see relative peace on Cambodia’s borders, but in December, Polt Pot ordered the CPK to “make long term preperations for a guerrilla war and for a war using conventional forces.” Pol Pot sets up new rules that expell foreigners, closed embassys, and abolished the currency. It also made markets, schools, newspapers, religous practices, and private property forbidden. During this period prisoners of the state and their children were brought to S-21 and were killed, the children had their heads smashed against trees.
As I sit here, I wonder what I will become; all I see is pure success like no one has ever seen. My life is full of great and achievable goals that can fulfil my life with happiness. I see myself see myself thirty years from now becoming the most successful person the world has seen. I will have graduated high school and college with 4.0 GPA, majoring in aeronautical engineering while being in the ...
On September 28th, 1977, when Pol Pot arrived in Beijing, a hundred thousand spectators, many carrying paper Cambodain flags, were broguht into line Changan Avenue on the way to the Gate of Heavenly Peace. During his evactuation from the East in 1978, Ngoi Taing Heng calmis to have witnessed the murder of more then six-thousand people, when Khmer Rouge delibertly blew up three large boats carring eastern deportees off to Phnom Penh. During the second half of 1978, “Brother Number One” gave several interviews to forgien visitors. Most of these were published and rebroadcast over radio Phnom Penh. Some were translated into French and English at the Minister of Foreign Affairs. In the spring of 1979 Pol Pot goes into hiding as the Vietnamese begin to invade Cambodia. Before leaving, Sar handed his head quaters camp over to Nuon Chea. Several confessions from S-21 corrobate Sar’s departure, but none suggest why he took the trip or who’s idea it was. In North Korea, Pol Pot was decorated by Korea’s leader, Kim Il Sung. On the day he arrived, the North Korean’s broadcast a biographical sketch about him, the first to reach the outside world.
In 1954 the government, began a Communist crackdown and Pol Pot was forced to flee to the Jungles near the Vietnam border to avoid arrest. For the next seven years he would spend his time in the Cambodian jungle hiding from the police. During this seven years of hiding many members of the Lon Nol government, public servants, police, military officers, teachers, ethnic Vietnamese, Christian clergy, Muslim leaders, members of the Cham Muslim minority, members of the middle-class and the educated were identified and executed. Pol pot faced huge penalties under the International Genocide Convention 1948, Genocide is defined as various acts such as “killing members of the group” persuded with “an entent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group, as such.”
From 1981 until the end of 1986 no speeches or writing can be traced with certainty to Pol Pot. We have no photographs of him and no anecdotes. Except for a sketch in the hospital in China in 1985. Reports from defectors in 1988-1990 suggest, however, that Pol Pot’s ideas about Cambodia, about himself, and about his factions returning to power remain unchanged. In 1998 Pol Pot escapes justice and dies of natural causes, at 73 years old, on April 15 in the Cambodian jungles. Listening to a broadcast of the Cambodian service of the Voice of America on April 15, 1998, Pol Pot learned that Ta Mok planned to deliver him to the Americans for trial. Soon afterward, he told his wife that he felt faint. On April 17, 1998, barely 500 m inside Cambodia from Thailand, a frail, 73-year-old former dictator–known by his nom de guerre, Pol Pot–was cremated under a pile of rubbish and rubber tires.
Pol Pot, his Khmer Rouge, and his regime have had a lasting impact on Cambodia. The after-effects of the! yen Killing Fields! | of 1975-1978, in which more than a million people were killed, will most likely last well into the 21 st Century, and Cambodia may well never fully recover from the wounds they sustained during the time of Pol Pot! |s rule. Pol Pot was born in May 19, 1925 fx to a wealthy ...