post modern Design
If one were to walk around and casually ask five people what post modernism was they would probably get five different answers or none at all. It is one of those indefinable academic terms that applies to many different fields of study. Most people seem to understand what it means individually but few agree collectively. To make matters even more complicated, it is often used in discussions about deconstruction. “To some Post Modernism is an excuse to pile together oodles of wild and crazy decor, to others it is another example of the weakness of standards and values. While some think that it is trangressive resistance to the sureness of categories, to others a handy way to describe a particular house, dress, car, artist, dessert, or pet, and to others it simply over already.
Clement Greenberg defined post-modernism in 1979 as the antithesis of everything that he loved. The lowering of aesthetic standards caused by the democratization of culture under industrialism. Where most people agree though is that post modernism first started with architecture in the 1950’s. It occurred as a reaction against the international Style. So that is the aspect that I am going to concentrate on in my paper. As post modern applies to architecture it means The combination of Modern techniques with something else usually traditional building.
... can not be expressed in words. he says that both modernism and post modernism exist by shattering the tradition -In a sense, modernity ... and universal truth’): -According to Lyotard, in the postmodern period, people no longer believe in grand narratives, and consequently, to the ... with the narrative of narratives from tribal to feudal to modern times and up to the present. -And what is this ...
First off Some of the most famous architects that concentrate on post Modern Design are Alvar Alto, and Robert Venturi.
Alto is probably the most famous out of the three that I named. Alto was born 1898 in Kuortane on February 3. He received his diploma of architecture in 1921 from the Institute of Technology which is located in Helsinki. He had private architectural office in Jyväskylä from 1923-27. He was married to a fellow architect Aino Marsio in1924. She shortly after died in 1949. From the times of 1927 through 1933 he had another private architectural office this time it was in Turku. The last private office that he had was in 1933 it was in Helsinki. From the time period1943 to 1958 he was the Chairperson of the Association of Finnish Architects and Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which is in Cambridge USA. In 1952 he remarried to another architect by the name of Elissa Mäkiniemi. In 1955 he became a member of the finish academy and by 1963 he was president, which he remained until 1968. He died on May 11, 1976 in Helsinki. Some of his works are the Finnish Embassy in Moscow. It was a competition entry that was done in 1935. He did the ogelweidplatz a sports center and concert hall in Vienna Austria. It to was a competition entry this was completed in 1953. One of his last works was an Art museum in Shiraz Iran in 1970, six years later he died.
Another post modern architect is Robert Venturi. He has been credited with not only saving modern architecture from it self but also with being one of the most original talents of contemporary architecture. He has done this by making the forms of his buildings visually pleasing. Like other Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureates before him, he is an architect along with being a writer teacher and artist.
Venturi graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1947. He furthered his studies as a Rome Prize Fellow at the American Academy in Rome from 1954 to 1956. In 1966 he wrote a book that was called Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, and shortly after it was published it became extremely influential. In his biography he wrote that Alvar Alto was his favorite architect. He also wrote that he looked up to him and that his work meant the most to him out of all the modern masters. He used Alto’s work to help him study the art and technique. Some examples of his work would be the Vanna Venturi House that is located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. The Sainsbury Wing, a National Gallery of Art located in London England. The Clinical Research Building at the School of Medicine on the University of Pennsylvania campus.
GOSPEL PRESENTED AS RELEVANT MESSAGE FOR THE POST-MODERN MIND TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction 3 II. Role of Religion in Civilization 4 III. Influence of the Gospel 5 IV. Role of the Gospel in Postmodernism 7 V. Dogmas and the Gospel 8 VI. Importance of Practicing the Precepts of the Gospel10 VII. Good Deeds and the Human Society13 VIII.Approach in Explaining the Gospel 19 IX. Pauls Theology and ...
As one can easily see these two architects were two of the most influential and famous architects of the post modern design age. The funniest thing about it is that a lot of other architects and most post modern design books classify them as post modernists, but they do not. They do not think their work can be classified because they use many different styles.
Next there is a couple of buildings that most people of today have seen or at least heard of that are post modern. One would be the Paul Getty Museum in California and the other is the AT&T building in New York.
The Paul Getty Museum by Architect Richard Meier he tailored each building to specific needs while also creating a harmonious whole. Richard chose this particular design so that the museum would have a peace full harmonious feeling about it. The Getty Center is surrounded the city but yet set apart so that it both invokes urbanity and peaceful contemplation. The campus on which it lies is 110 acres and also has a panoramic view of the ocean, mountains, and the city. Richly textured travertine stone lies at the foot of the walls and the buildings giving it a sense of being permanent. A broad staircase leads you to the Museum and a view of the entire Ghetty Center. Walkways and balconies give you views
of the city, then of an inner courtyard with trees, fountains, and reflecting pools.
The AT&T building is another example of post modern design. It was created by Philip Johnson. The AT&T Building in New York, New York was created 1984
As I earlier mentioned post Modernism can hardly be talked about without deconstructionism also being mentioned. Deconstruction is when the architects think that the design of societies’ buildings should resemble societies present state. For example today’s society is chaotic, so the architecture should be chaotic too. For example the buildings columns and structure are crooked and the walls tilted. Deconstruction is a kind of post modern design. They seem to directly relate to each other. Deconstruction is post modern with a twist it is never straight and it is always crooked lines the walls can be tilted and the structures all crazy like.
Architectural Engineer Dee NevelsHonor's English III Mrs. Karen Dunaway February 21, 2000 Architectural Engineer An architectural engineer designs structures such as houses, skyscrapers, and bridges based on his knowledge of materials and how they handle forces. I. Introduction A. History. Definition II. Education. Suggested high school education 1. General subjects 2. Types of people. College. ...
My opinion on the whole mess is that some of the architecture can be really beautiful but others can be extremely screwy. I personally have always had an interest in architecture so this assignment, after I figured out what I was supposed to do, was fun. I am not going to become an architect though, I like animals to much and I aspire to be veterinarian. My favorite piece that I saw was the Getty Museum. Just the way that it is set and designed to look old but has all the beautiful new stone and materials. It was just the first one to catch my eye.