Radio and its future During the increase in popularity of radio, Arthur Edwin Kennelly said (1926) ‘through radio I look forward to a United States of the World. Radio is standardizing the peoples of the Earth, English will become the universal language because it is predominantly the language of the ether. The most important aspect of radio is its sociological influence.’ Kennelly was foreseeing the potential power and impact that radio would soon come to have. By the late twenties, we would see radio become quite the sensation in the household, and this sensation would continue to prosper even through the Great Depression with aid of soap operas and popular programs such as the Lone Ranger.
Radio would see a decrease in popularity during the rise of the television. Eventually, radio would find itself a niche in the media market, allowing it to continue to prosper. This would be due to the help of Frequency Modulation radio broadcasting and localization. Radio stations were now able to offer more local content than radio, touching on local news, weather, and advertisements for local businesses all at a higher sound quality. That joined with a symbiotic relationship with the recording industry and the start of formatted radio programs, the two industries were set to last for almost another fifty years (Adams, n. d.
Once again, radio is currently at a crucial stance. FM radio was once the means in which someone could find out about new music artists, hear their favorite top songs, and catch up on local / world news. However, with the surge of the Internet at the turn of the century, the role of the radio starts to diminish. The Internet can now be used for gathering local news or weather in a fast and efficient manner. It can also be used as a way for music fans to find new artists similar to ones that they currently like, and (although not legal) ease in the process of downloading complete albums in high-quality formats for free.
... means, particularly the cheap and accessible radio. In these rural areas, print media finds it difficult to thrive because of ... to the radio primarily because it is a foreign-language ... and how individuals continued supporting commercial radio is proof of this change. “The number of local youths listening (in Asia) listening ...
CD and MP 3 players are now very popular for the person “on-the-go,” and as a result, it’s very easy to find people that remark: “I don’t listen to radio.” The reason for this is that radio has lost its niche. No longer is radio as convenient of a means to get news and experience new or popular music. Radio is forced, once again, to innovate itself in order to keep from being eliminating by the more popular types of media. Two recent innovations in radio could possibly give radio a new niche and be its own savior. These are genre-specific radio, and high audio-quality broadcasting.
Part of the blame for the gradual falling of the radio industry is attributed to homogenization. “While Costello and the punks and New Wavers did their best to push back against increasing homogenization, the promise of radio-long the most democratic of the traditional mass media-continued to be squandered. Big media corporations and their allies in Congress and on the Federal Communications Commission quietly rewrote the rules during the 1980 s and ’90 s to clear away barriers to consolidation, thereby ushering in an era in which the news was dum bed down, dissent was stifled and the music all started to sound the same” (Radio Waves, 2005, p. 3).
A reaction to predictable and bland radio programming is specialized stations that are genre or topic specific.
Given the limited band of frequencies in FM for music stations, it would be tough to have specific radio stations for the hundreds of genres that music can be categorized into. One possibility is to have stations play a certain genre for a few hours a week. Some stations such as college radio stations will do this. Although this would allow for more specific content, the listener loyalty would not be as high. This would be because the targeting user would only tune into the station for those few hours that their desired music is on. internet radio can solve this problem.
As an AB Communication student, our professor requires us to have a Radio Station Visiting in one of our major subjects. Our professor gave us a set of questions that we need to ask to the DJ there and we prepared two more questions to be asked. We choose 10.1 YES FM as a Radio Station that we will visit. We had an interview with Mr. Richard Sarmiento also known as “Rico Paňero” who has a radio ...
With a virtually unlimited number of Internet radio streams, radio stations can hone in and be extremely genre-specific. This means that the listener gets to listen to the music they want all day long, and hear new artists that sound like their current favorites. Since radio is primarily a passive form of media, internet radio fits in nicely. Listeners can tune in to their station while at work, where most people have an Internet connection.
Their favorite music can be playing all long day while they work, and resumed when they get to their home. Soon, we may even see a possibility for internet radio in the automobile. As projects to install wireless access points in metropolis areas increase, it may not be long before an Internet connection is possible from the road. A possible detriment to internet broadcasting, however, is cost. W OXY-FM had to cease broadcasting due to internet broadcasts being higher than that of traditional broadcasting.
Another setback on Internet Radio is the recording industry pushing for government regulation for royalties. Due to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, a station is required to pay about 10% in royalties to the artists and industry, or pay a by-song royalty fee which is often higher (Harwood, 2004).
The second innovation in the radio industry which can help keep radio relevant is the concept of high audio-quality broadcasting. This comes in mostly two forms at the current time: satellite radio and HD radio. Both of these techniques allow for near CD-quality audio broadcasting. The former allows for a station to be heard regardless of location, and the latter allows for digital broadcasting out of the existing local AM/FM towers.
This results in satellite radio primarily as a national phenomenon and HD-radio as a local one. Satellite radio is advantageous for people traveling often, since it allows them to get their favorite radio station anywhere in the country. However, it does not have the current capability to carry local programming. The two current satellite radio providers are XM and Sirius and currently both offer their service at a monthly subscription fees (Pierce, 2002).
According to an online article that was written by Gearbox (2011), the radio has become one of our most simple forms of broadcasting and communication. From helping connect soldiers on the front line of battle to entertaining the commuter on their ride to work, the radio is a part of everyday life. The article gives a brief history of radio broadcasting, in addition to how the low cost and ...
In contrast, HD radio offers local programming, tailoring to those that want local weather, news, and advertisements. However, this means that the listener still has to channel-surf for a station they like when on long-distance trips.
The main corporate supporters of HD-radio are Clear Channel and iniquity Digital, and they aim to offer this service for free. Once the initial investment in the technology is made, digital broadcasting actually has lower production costs. “Since the initiation of this campaign, DAB [digital audio broadcasting] has been heralded as one of the most significant developments since the birth of the medium almost a century ago” (Parris, 2000, p. 237).
Although satellite radio is starting to gain a fan base in America, Canada is already implementing Digital Audio Broadcasting. Canada is a country with a great deal of pride for the radio.
Ninety-four percent of the population devotes an average of 22 hours a week to the radio. With the government’s strong support, all radio stations are expected to move to this digital L-Band by 2010. Some Canadians are worried about what America is going to do, since the American L-Band is mostly zoned for military uses. According to Ian Morrison of Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, ‘If we end up with technology that’s different from America, we will have to change” (Parris, 2000, p. 249).
It seems clear that now is a good time for the United States to hop on the digital broadcasting trend, since it would have the support of Canada. The United States is probably going to need government regulation in order to carry a change this big through. What we notice with the Satellite radio companies is that they are combining both digital broadcasting with specialization of programming. XM Radio allows for over 150 radio stations, allowing them to have very genre-specific stations, broadcasting at a high audio-quality (Pierce, 2002).
The broadcasting of the Music Television Station (MTV) and Public Broadcasting Station (PBS) inform the public of various issues concerning news, politics, education, and also a source of entertainment. MTV is a television station that is hip and trendy, while it still covers the main issues of today's society. MTV is known for its flamboyance, the host / hostess are dressed very trendy, the guest ...
The digital broadcasting in itself allows for many more radio stations to be broadcast ed in a given frequency band. This allows for the possibility for more specialization of stations-something HD-radio is bound to take advantage of if it gains enough popularity and government / corporate backing (Parris, 2000).” There is still a lot of work to do. But the combination of programming innovations, new technologies and a media reform movement that has the clout not just to prevent the bad but promote the good might yet put meaning into another line from Elvis Costello’s old song: ‘Radio is a sound salvation.’ ” (“Radio Waves”, 2005, p. 3).
It appears evident that new technologies and advancement have the potential to reestablish a large fan base for the dying radio media, but it will not be able to do so without backing from the recording industry, and the government. With companies combining both high-quality broadcasts with genre-specific stations, there is for sure a big change in store for the radio industry.
References Adams, M. (n. d. ).
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Staying Afloat in the Internet Stream: How to Keep Web Radio from Drowning in Digital Copyright Royalties, Federal Communications Law Journal, 56 (3), 673-697. Parris, D.
Tuning in the future: Digital technology and commercial radio broadcasting in Canada, Journal of Canadian Studies, 35 (3), 231-252. Pierce, A. (September 2002).
Satellite digital radio, Tech Directions, 62 (2), 10. Radio Waves. (May 23, 2005).
The Nation, 280 (20), 3. Today in Science History: Arthur Edwin Kennelly. (1999).
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