Royal Stoa The ancient times it is a really times of mystery, strangeness and unknown. Now well try to look up to such times from nowadays. Agora originally meant “gathering place” but came to mean the market place and Public Square in an ancient Greek city. It was the political, civic, and commercial center of the city. Socrates spent most of his time at the agora in Athens discussing the serious issues of the day with anyone who was willing. Sited between 3 hills and a creek, along Panathenic Way, on former site of Kerameikos/PottersI Quarter.
Note: Bouleuterion/Council House; Royal Stoa (mid 6C BCE), Painted Stoa (mid 5C BCE), Stoa of Zeus (late 5C BCE); Hephaistion, law court, Tholos/Skias, miscellaneous religious and civic monuments. Essential elements rather than site, arrangement, or specific buildings define it. Athenian state founded 8C BCE. Southern View The Mint was an important part of any Greek city since each city-state had its own coinage. Athenians, primarily women, would walk to the Fountain House to gather water for their homes. Water came to the city from a distant spring through an aqueduct constructed of clay pipes. The South Stoa was a long, roofed gallery with a wall on one side. Inside, one could walk down the long corridor and see merchants in their stalls selling their wares. The jail was behind the Law Court.
The Strategies was the headquarters for military officers. Inside the Tholos, the circular building, the presiding governmental officials (as well as victorious Olympic athletes) would eat. Citizen senators conducted official civic business in the Bouleuterion. It also housed the official city records. Northern View More merchants could be found at the Stoa of Zeus just past the Bouleuterion. The small building attached to the stoa is the Royal Stoa where the Archon, the chief religious officer of Athens, had his office. Athenians could view paintings depicting the Victory at Marathon in the Painted Stoa.
The City of Boston Boston is the capital and largest city of Massachusetts. It was established in 1630 by John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Company. No city in the United States is as blessed as Boston when it comes to historical sites. All of the sites that I will describe to you are a part of the Freedom Trail. Anyone interested in traveling to Boston for the first time should check out the ...
At the Altar of the 12 Gods, animals were sacrificed at the beginning of each day to seek divine blessing upon the state. Archons were ancient Athenian magistrates who oversaw various civil and religious matters. The constitution of the city-state provided for nine archons of which the King was the second. Though chosen by lot, he was “King” by inheritance. Historically, Kings interceded to the gods on behalf of the people, a role they continued to play in democratic Athens. The King’s day would begin by sacrificing an animal. He had jurisdiction over charges of homicide and impiety.
The King Archon had his office in the Royal Stoa (Stoa Basileios) of the Agora. The Royal Stoa (Stoa Basileios) was built towards end of 6th century and rebuilt after damage in Persian sack of 480 BC. Office of Archon Basileus (King Archon), who was responsible for administering the laws on religious matters, including homicide as well as impiety and religious disputes. He was also organized the Mysteries and the dramatic festival of Dionysus at the Lenaia. King Archon set up a stone to commemorate his term of office, which records winners in Comedy and Tragedy. In front of the stoa was a large block of unworked limestone, on which officials of the democracy took their oath before taking up office.
Socrates stood on it to hear the charges against him in 399 BC. Inside the building, lining the walls, were inscribed the laws of Athens: thus any citizen could come here to consult the official version of the constitution. The dimensions of this Stoa are 17.72 m x 7.18 m; Doric outer colonnade column diameter: 0.58 m; intercolumniation: 1.92 m; Doric inner colonnade column diameter: 0.42 m; intercolumniation: 5.76 m (in rebuilding decreased to 3.2 m).
In King Henry V, King Henry is a man of Christian values and a solid foundation of moral principles. Through careful analysis of the entire play, one is able to confirm that he conducts himself with royal bearing. King Henry is “no tyrant but a Christian king” who is “a true lover of the Holy Church”. This highlights the idea that King Henry is of royal bearing as he acts in ...
The Stoa was a common building type found throughout ancient Athens. It consisted of two rows of columns supporting a roof with a wall on one side Stoas were both ornamental and practical. They served as promenades sheltered from the heat of summer and the cold winds of winter, as judicial and shopping centers, and as boundary markers.
For example, the Agora was bounded by the Stoas of the King Archon (Stoa Basileios) and Zeus Eleutherios on the west, the South Stoa on the south, and in the second century BC, the Stoa of Attalus (see below) on the east. We can see the ancient plan of Royal Stoa and compare them according to the next picture This is a reconstruction of the Royal Stoa or Stoa Basileios, the headquarters of the King Archon, who was in charge of religious affairs including homicide. The statue in front is that of Themis (Justice).
It was located in the northwest corner of the Agora. It was in front of this building that Socrates met Euthyphro and had the conversation that Plato recreated in his Euthyphro. Socrates came to this building to be formally charged with impiety by Meletus in the presence of the King Archon. Copies of the laws of the city were kept in this Stoa.
The northwest corner of the Agora, in which the Royal Stoa was located, was known as “the Herms” because of the great number of Herms set up there. Herms, which consisted of a bust of Hermes on top of a bronze or marble pillar with male genitals attached, were a familiar sight in public areas and in front of houses. They were believed to be protectors of houses and the city. In 415 BC a scandal arose when vandals violated Herms in Athens, perhaps the ones in northwest corner of the Agora.This incident was one of the factors that led to the exile of Alcibiades. At the next photos we can see the modern place of Royal Stoa and besides that, the view in the second picture is of the area between the Royal Stoa on the left and the Soreg (the small white fence) on the right. Sources: http://harpy.uccs.edu/greek/greek.html http://www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21101a/e211aa04.htm l http://arch.ced.berkeley.edu/courses/arch170/past/ 96fall/960919.html http://www.ancientgreece.com/art/art.htm http://harpy.uccs.edu/roman/html/capitoline.html Biers, William R., Archaeology of Greece: an introduction, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1987 p.153 (BOOK).
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage1.0RCCL CRUISE LINES11.1MARKET DEFINITION AND ANALYSIS11.2MARKET SEGMENTATION21.3INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITION31.4STRATEGY FOR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE41.5MARKET TARGETING AND POSITION STRATEGIES82.0OBJECTIVES AS I SEE IT93.0NAVIGATION94.0GRAPHICAL DESIGN95.0EASE OF FINDING PRODUCT INFORMATION106.0EASE OF FINDING SUPPORT INFORMATION107.0EASE OF ORDERING108.0FEATURES THAT ...