Sigmund Freud In the 1920 s, the world was changing dramatically. Underground salons were built, new architecture was used and modern dance was introduced. If it were not for certain people, the world would not be the way it is today. In the twenties, new theories and ideas in science and psychology were being presented daily. Sigmund Freud changed the world of psychology by presenting new and controversial ideas on psychology and having his theories published. Freud broke cultural boundaries as he fought scientists opposed to his books and continued to study the human mind.
Freud truly helped change the world in the 1920 s and his influence remains today. Sigmund Freud was born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1856. His father was a small time merchant. Sigmund’s family moved to Vienna when he was four.
Freud was very ambitious and a good student. In 1873, Freud entered the medical school of the University of Vienna. Freud was mainly interested in science and hoped become a neuro psychological researcher. However, because of his financial situation, Freud was unable to pursue his desired career. Researchers in the twenties had to be wealthy because they were paid based on their findings. While in medical school, Freud developed a friendship with Josef Breuer, another physician and psychologist.
One of Josef Breuer’s patients was Anna O. Anna O. was a young woman who had a serious case of hysteria. She had temporary paralysis and could not speak her native language, though she could speak German.
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Breuer discovered if he hypnotized Anna O. , she was relieved of her symptoms. Breuer and Freud discussed this case frequently. This case seemed to have a lasting affect on Freud. He later went to Paris to study under Jean-Martin Charcot, a neurologist known throughout Europe for his use of hypnosis. Charcot was Freud’s mentor and inspired him in many ways.
Freud soon married and returned home. He started a private practice of specializing in hypnosis but he eventually dropped that technique over time. After several years, Freud and his ideas became well known. Freud became a well-known, respected physiologist. His new idea of relaxing the patient (on the couch) and allowing him to say whatever the patient wanted, allowed Freud to break new grounds.
In 1900 Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams was published. In this book, Freud introduced the wider public to the notion of the unconscious mind. In 1901, Freud’s The Psychopathology of Everyday Life in which he stated his philosophy about slip of the tongue (“Freudian slips”).
Freud continued to publish work over the next years, including “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality” (1905).
In 1902, Freud was appointed a professor at the University of Vienna. In 1906, he formed a psychoanalytic society.
Sigmund Freud’s group fell victim to political infighting. Freud lost some of his best friends and supporters because of this fighting. Freud continued working though, developing new philosophies and writing stunning work. In 1909, he presented his theories in a lecture in Massachusetts.
His name was soon used everywhere. From political discussion to teatime, the name Freud was heard. Freud continued to present new facts and ideas to the world of science. He was embraced by society, although few were outraged by his ideas for many years to come. Freud changed the way people thought.
He embodied the spirit of the twenties by bringing fourth new ideas and views. To many scientists and psychologists, Freud’s work presented new areas to explore and expand on for the years to come. As the world changed in the 1920’s, Sigmund Freud and his works were a contributor to the evolution taking place. If it were not for Freud, the world of science and neurobiology would not be where it is today. Sigmund Freud greatly changed the world of psychology and continues to have an influence today. Freud began to slow down his studies by 1923 when he was diagnosed with cancer of the jaw, a result of smoking a cigar for many years.
... early developmental theories, the most influential and controversial theory of development was proposed by Sigmund Freud. Freud proposed ... birth and lasts approximately up to a year. Freud (1905) called this an oral stage ... self and the world. The major difference between Freud developmental theory and Erikson’s theory lies after genital ... during this age but refused the idea that this stage can only be ...
Freud had several operations over the next 16 years. When the Nazi party came to power in Germany, Freud’s books were burnt as well as many others of the time period. In Austria, Sigmund’s passport was confiscated and he was imprisoned. There Sigmund with the help of others persuaded the occupying forces to let him go. Freud and his wife fled to England where he died in September of 1939.
Freud changed the world with his theories of the mind. If Freud had not lived, it is not known if others would have developed his ideas. The 1920 s would have not expanded the ideas of psychology without Freud’s contributions. Freud is still remembered for his theories and ideas and many are still being expanded upon today. Freud was one of the most influential scientists of the century and one of the greatest thinkers of all times.