Unit One Written Assignment
Canadian citizens have come to believe that Canada was born in 1867, when in fact it was born in 1532. This is not the only theory that they have been lead to accept. Also, there have been lies about the division in Quebec and “the tear between its old continental nationalism and its more recent, narrower, territorial nationalism.” Over 475 years ago, the ancestors of Canada roamed the Prairies, explored the Rockies and traveled the Mississippi River. They wrote the national anthem, “O’ Canada,” in which Canadians still stand for today, and declared the maple leaf our national symbol in which Canadians and people all over the world see as the representation of Canada. Raymond Giroux from Le Soleil, states that it is shameful for the Quebecois to want to separate from Canada, their history and their culture. In recent history, 60 % of the Quebecois considered themselves French Canadians and feel a sense of national loyalty toward Canada and therefore voted not to separate. Being a part of a nation and feeling pride and loyalty towards that nation shapes you to be who you are and what your values are. For example, many Canadians show patriotism by celebrating Canada Day.
In 1990, The Mohawks of Oka, Quebec started a protest defending what they claimed to be their own, sacred land. The Quebec government wanted to expand a golf course onto this land and had no interest in reasoning with the Mohawks. This battle stood for four months. On July 11th, Quebec’s police force was dispersed and the army was sent it due to a shooting that killed a police officer. The protest finally ended on September 26. Although the government gave ownership of the land to the Mohawks, there was still conflict between the Aboriginals and the people of Kanesatake. However, the Mohawks were fighting for their culture and identity as they stood up to defend their sacred land. They feel loyal to the land and therefore defended it in order not to lose a sense of nationalism.
Canadian Unity Vs. Quebec Separatism For decades, a separatist movement in Quebec has tainted Canadian politics with a sense of bad blood.In many ways, Quebec is already like a separate country from the rest of Canada. They speak French 60% of the time, they sometimes eat different foods compared to the rest of Canada and... thats about it. Really, that is it. They still play hockey as much as ...
About a year after the 9/11 attacks, American Officials took Maher Arar after being given false information from Canada. The misleading information suggested that Maher was a part of a terrorist organization and he was exiled to Syria where he was jailed and tortured. Throughout the next the year, Maher’s wife, Mina Mazigh, caught the attention of the media with her husbands treatment. Due to the attention that was brought on to the situation, Canada’s government was put under a great amount of pressure. When Maher was finally released, him and his wife succeeded in pressuring the government to conduct an inquiry to uncover the sequence of events that lead to his deportation. It was found that there was absolutely no evidence that Maher was taking part in any terrorist activity and in 2007 Stephen Harper formally apologized and gave Maher and his family a $ 10.5 million in compensation for his ordeal. Although Maher had done nothing wrong and was loyal to Canada, he was falsely accused for being a terrorist for being of Muslim culture.
Contending loyalties often come with difficult decisions that have to be made. The Quebecois wanting to separate from Canada, the Oka Crisis and Maher Arar’s story have all involved the concept of contending loyalties. Although the Quebecois want to separate from Canada because they believe they are their own nation, they still hold a sense of Canadian culture and history. In Oka, Quebec, the Mohawks were defending their sacred land from the government who wanted to expand a golf course. Maher Arar, loyal to Canada, was accused of being a terrorist due to his culture.