An effort to thoroughly evaluate the statement of problem, “the extent to which labels or stigmas negatively impacts on juvenile behavior in High Schools in Malvern”, the Internal Assessment will be encompassing three major objectives. These are (1) To determine what motivates students to commit acts of deviance in schools (juveniles).
(2) To observe if deviant acts are committed only by persons of a particular, gender, age category, and social class etc. (3) The extent to which the family unit can be held responsible for producing deviants as they are the primary unit of socialization.
[Dysfunctional families] (4) To establish, that certain deviant acts are sanctioned as opposed to others. THERE are a range of threats to mangrove forests in Jamaica and, by extension, the Caribbean and the world. They include over-harvesting, river changes, clearing, over-fishing, pollution, coral reef loss and climate change. Over-harvesting Mangrove trees the world over are used for firewood charcoal production as well as for construction wood and wood chips. While harvesting is a practice that has been ongoing for hundreds of years, it has got out of hand in recent times.
In some instances, faced with limited alternatives, if any, people in certain poor communities, such as St Thomas here in Jamaica, increasingly rely on mangroves for charcoal production, for example. The result is over-harvesting, which threatens the survivability of mangrove forests. River changes Dams and irrigation cause a reduction in the quantity of water that gets to mangrove forests, thus changing the salinity (salt) level of the water in the forests. Where salinity levels become too high, the mangroves die.
Whenever change takes place, good and bad things happen in an organization. The management has the dice to roll on how to deal with such changes. People’s motivation will be affected especially those individuals who assumes that the management will get rid off them (Lawler, p. 157). When a company faces reduction in force, proper selection and guidance must be set. Result of reduction in force ...
Freshwater diversions may also threaten the survival of mangroves. Erosion, which is caused by deforestation of land, may also deplete mangrove forests. This is so since deforestation increases sediment in rivers, which can undermine the mangroves’ filtering ability. Clearing This involves people removing the mangrove forests or sections thereof to facilitate the construction of housing solutions, agriculture production, and infrastructure development. In the last several years, the forests have been destroyed to accommodate tourist developments, such as hotels.
It is this fear that exists among members of the environment lobby group World African Reunification Solidarity Association (WARSA) regarding a proposal by state minister in the Ministry of Housing, Water, Transport and Works, Fenton Ferguson, to have a 600-room hotel built in St Thomas. Meanwhile, clearing has been identified as contributing to the more than 35 per cent of global mangrove loss to date. Pollution Pesticides and other chemicals produced by humans to treat one thing or another can potentially wipe out mangroves.
Such chemicals may be carried downstream, killing animals which call mangrove forests home. Oil pollution is also a threat since oil will choke mangrove roots, killing the trees. Here in Jamaica, pesticides and other chemicals are utilised to treat organisms that threaten agricultural production. They become a problem for mangroves when farmers and others discard the empty chemical containers, which are washed via gullies or rivers to mangrove forests. Loss of coral reef Mangroves function, importantly, as a barrier to strong waves that could destroy coastal settlements during, for example, a hurricane.
As it happens, however, mangroves work in tandem with coral reefs to make this happen even as the latter serve the cause of survival for the former. As such, it means that where coral reefs are destroyed, mangroves are left to take the brunt of the impact from the strongest of waves, which wash away the fine sediment in which mangroves thrive. The waves deter seedlings from taking root, even as they wash away nutrients that are important for mangrove ecosystems.
Forests are a treasure of tranquility, a symbol of integrity, source of diversity and a place of unity. We can find plenty of flora, fauna, trees, animals, birds and species living together with abounding love in the forest. Mixed fragrance, pure air, healthy herbals, roaring streams, descending falls and moving beings make a forest a lively playground of peace. Above all, its serene presence ...
Some of this is evident as one examines a section of mangrove forests near the lighthouse in St Thomas. The section of forest there took the brunt of the impact from Hurricanes Dennis and Wilma in 2005 and Hurricane Ivan the year before. climate change The survival of mangrove forests depends on stable sea levels. Unfortunately, with greenhouse emissions as high as they are, there is the climate change phenomenon to contend with. It is a phenomenon which, among other things, sees an increase in the earth’s temperature as well as an increase in sea levels.