Anatomy and Physiology II
STD’s are sexually transmitted diseases that are caused by having unprotected sex with someone who is already infected. There are more than 20 different types of STD’s but most common are Vaginitis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Genital warts. These diseases infect more than 19 million people every year. And some that people cannot cure because of how complex the virus is. STD’s can also be infected anywhere in the body.
Which Germs Cause the diseases?
Every virus has a germ that is help to be created. Like Vaginitis is caused by three different germs called bacterial vaginosis, candida vaginitis also known as yeast infection, and trichomonas vaginitis. Chlamydia is cause by a germ called Chlamydia trachomatis which can damage a woman’s reproductive organ. Gonorrhea is one of the most common it is caused by the germ called Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and multiply easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive organs, like the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes in women, and in the urethra in women and men. Syphilis is caused by the germ called the Treponema pallidum. Then there are Genital Warts which are also a very common of the few and are caused by the Human Papilloma virus.
How are these diseases transmitted?
These viruses are mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse with someone who is already infected with the virus, but they are transmitted in the same way. By Vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
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Which are the signs and symptoms?
* These viruses are can be detected by signs :
Vaginitis symptoms are:
Chlamydia symptoms are:
For female are:
* Bleeding between menstrual periods
* vaginal bleeding after sex
* Abdominal pain
* Painful intercourse
* A low-grade fever
* A painful sensation during urination
* The urge to urinate more than usual
* Abnormal vaginal discharge
* A foul-smelling yellowish discharge from the cervix
* Eye infections
For males are:
* Pus or milky discharge from the penis
* Pain or burning sensation when urinating
* Genital Swelling
* Watery, white, or yellow drip from the penis
* Extreme pain in the scrotum
* Eye infections
Gonorrhea symptoms are:
* Burning with urination
* A white, green, or yellow discharge from the penis
* Painful or swollen testicles
* pain or burning with urination
* vaginal discharge
* vaginal bleeding between periods
Syphilis symptoms are:
For males and females:
* Unnoticeable sore that can be undetected for years
Genital Warts symptoms are:
* Small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in your genital area
* Several warts close together that take on a cauliflower shape
* Itching or discomfort in your genital area
* Bleeding with intercourse
How are they diagnosed?
These viruses are diagnosed by taking a sample of the infected area and study in a lab under the microscope to see if the bacteria to identify it. They also perform different test to see if they can get the same result.
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How are they treated?
Although, diagnosing the virus are the same treatment for these are not. Vaginitis is treated by taking antibiotics such as:
Chlamydia is treated by taking antibiotics like:
* Azithromycin(once a day)
* Or a week of doxycycline(twice daily)
Gonorrhea is treated by taking antibiotics:
Syphilis is also treated with antibiotics in its early stages a direct injection of penicillin or something similar is used but if its more progressed a intramuscular injection is used.
Genital Warts is more complicated sometimes genital warts can go away with out the use of surgery treatment but that’s if only if they do not cause any itching, burning, and pain. But if the warts are causing pain and you can clearly see an outbreak it is in need of surgery.
Medications for Genital Warts are:
* Imiquimod (Aldara)
* Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox)
* Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
These treatments can only be used if warts do not cause Itching, Burning, and Pain. These treatments can be applied on the skin in the infected area.
How are they prevented?
The disease vaginitis can be prevented by:
* Keep the vaginal area clean and dry
* Avoid excessive douching and strong soaps and detergents
* Wear cotton underwear that absorbs moisture and keeps the vagina dry
* Clean from front to back after using the restroom
* Do not leave tampons or diaphragms in the vagina for long periods
* Avoid deodorized tampons
* Decrease diet of sweets, bread, and alcohol
* Eat yogurt
But prevention of all the other diseases are only prevented one way. By having safe sex and by checking yourself and partner for any diseases.