Subjectivity may refer to the specific discerning interpretations of any aspect of experiences. They are unique to the person experiencing them, the qualia that are only available to that person’sconsciousness. Though the causes of experience are thought to be “objective” and available to everyone, (such as the wavelength of a specific beam of light), experiences themselves are only available to the subject (the quality of the color itself).
Subjectivity frequently exists in theories, measurements or concepts, against the will of those attempting to be objective, and it is a goal in most fields to remove subjectivity from scientific or mathematical statements or experiments. Many fields such as physics, biology, computer science, and chemistry are attempting to remove subjectivity from their methodologies, theories and results and this is a large part of the process of experimentation in these fields today.
Despite this, subjectivity is the only way we have to experience the world, mathematically, scientifically or otherwise. We share a human subjectivity, as well as individual subjectivity and all theories and philosophies that dictate our understanding of mathematics, science, literature and every concept we have about the world is based on human or individual perspective. The creation of philosophies is within itself subjective, along with the concept of discovery or creation of ideas.
If you developed a theory to explain how a person’s cultural background influences how they prepare financial statements, would you have developed a positive theory or a normative theory? The first of all, it is important to understand the mean by a ‘theory’. According to Contemporary Accounting Theory 4e, Oxford English Dictionary provides various definitions, including: A scheme or system of ...
This term contrasts with objectivity, which is used to describe humans as “seeing” the universe exactly for what it is from a standpoint free from human perception and its influences, human cultural interventions, past experience and expectation of the result.
What am I referring to when I say “I”? This little word is so easy to use in daily life, yet it has become the focus of intense theoretical debate. Where does my sense of self come from? Does it arise spontaneously or is it created by the media or society? This concern with the self, with our subjectivity, is now our main point of reference in Western societies. How has it come to be so important, and what are the different ways in which we can approach an understanding of the self? Nick Mansfield explores how our notions of subjectivity have developed over the past century. Analyzing the work of key modern and postmodern theorists such as Freud, Foucault, Nietzsche, Lacan, Kristeva, Deleuze and Guattari, and Haraway, he shows how subjectivity is central to debates in contemporary culture, including gender, sexuality, ethnicity, postmodernism, and technology.
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As an approach to women’s history, subjectivity looks at how a woman herself (the “subject”) saw her role, and how she saw that role as contributing (or not) to her identity and meaning. It is an attempt to see history from the perspective of the individuals who lived that history, especially ordinary women, and requires taking seriously “women’s consciousness.”
Key features of a subjective approach to women’s history:
• it is a qualitative rather than quantitative study
• emotion is taken seriously
• it requires a kind of historic empathy
In the subjective approach, the historian asks “not only how gender defines women’s treatment, occupations, and so on, but also how women perceive the personal, social and political meanings of being female.” From Nancy F. Cott and Elizabeth H. Pleck, A Heritage of Her Own, “Introduction.”
On September 5, 1995, Hillary Clinton- the First Lady of the United States- took front stage at the U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China to speak on the fleeting struggles women face in every single country. Standing in front of women’s rights activist from over 180 countries, Hillary Clinton’s words were as powerful as her prominent political stand she held. Clinton catalogued ...
Ellen Carol DuBois is among those who challenged this emphasis: “There is a very sneaky kind of antifeminism here…” because it tends to ignore politics. (“Politics and Culture in Women’s History,” Feminist Studies 1980.) Other women’s history scholars find that the subjective approach enriches political analysis.