Terrorism is a form of violence that is difficult to define. The State Department defines terrorism as ‘premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience.’ Terrorism is not a random, undirected, purposeless act of violence, it has definite goals and violence is the medium of attaining those goals. The most well-known, recent instance of terrorism were the attacks made on the World Trade Center on September 11 th, but terrorism goes back to first-century Palestine, where Jewish Zealots would publicly slit the throats of Romans and their collaborators. Because the causes of terrorism are so deep-rooted and complex, the solutions must be multi-faceted and not focus solely on one country or issue. This is where I believe the current American policy towards terrorism is flawed. Terrorist activities are pervasive in modern society.
In 1920 TNT bomb exploded on Wall Street opposite House of Morgan, killing 35 people and injuring hundreds more. Bolshevist or anarchist terrorists were believed responsible. Then on January 24, 1975 in New York City, a bomb set off in historic Frances Tavern killed 4 and injured more than 50 people. A Puerto Rican nationalist group claimed responsibility, and police tied 13 other bombings to the group. Then in 1983 in Beirut, Lebanon another terrorist attack was carried out against the United States. The U.
... circumstances to join terrorist groups. In order to make them determined to accomplish the dreaded plans of violence masterminded and ... distinction between a freedom struggle and terrorism is hard to make. Fourth, terrorist organizations and their well knitted network ... move of taking various measures to counter international terrorism. A few scholars like Francis Fukuyama criticized Japanese ...
S. embassy was destroyed in a suicide car-bomb attack. 63 were dead, including 17 Americans. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack. In 1993 the World Trade Center was attacked for the first time. In a failed attempt to take down the towers, Al-Qaeda used a truck bomb in the basement of the complex.
6 were killed and over 1 thousand were injured. The second World Trade Center attacks came on September 11 th 2001. The 911 attacks inflicted mass casualties by using commercial airliner as huge, jet- fuel laden missiles. In all, 3, 030 Americans lost there lives on that day.
Recently in a train station in Madrid, Spain. The reason Spain was attacked was to force Spanish troops to pull out of Iraq and stop helping American soldiers In all 190 people died in the March 2004 bombing. This attack perhaps made Europe more focused on the issue of terrorism. These more recent attacks (September 11 th and Madrid) solidified Western resolve to address terrorism. These attacks were bolder and carried out on western soil, joining all Americans (and many Europeans) in a new nationalist movement to stop terrorism. The group behind the attacks, Al-Qaeda, is an Afghanistan based group led by Osama Bin-Laden.
Al-Qaeda seeks to rid Muslim countries of what it sees as the profane influence of the West and replace their governments with fundamentalist Islamic regimes. What is the root cause of terrorism and what can be done about it? While no-one knows for sure, there has been a lot of speculation as to these issues especially after 9/11. There are several key factors that seam to be prominent. The key reasons for the most recent of the attacks, especially 9/11, are due to deep seated hatred for American policies and actions around the world. Strong anti-American undercurrents breed tolerance for extremist terror networks, like those of Osama bin Laden in many Islamic countries. Although most Americans would not agree, many foreign countries view America as very arrogant, and say we had it coming on 9/11.
However, much of terrorism is aimed at the western world, not only the United States. Much of these anti-western sentiments can be traced to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. In that area of the world, terrorism is not a seldom occurrence, but rather a near daily occurrence where casualties are normal. Both countries are fighting a bloody war over religious turf, with no peace or solution in sight. The Islamic faction feels suppressed by the Israeli which have the support of much of the western world. Add to these tensions a wide cultural gap where Islamic countries view the western world with suspicion and disgust, and you have a very difficult situation.
A NOT-SO-ACCURATE prophet once wrote, 'As recently as 1972, there were a tremendous number of quality Westerns being made... and since there seems to be a ten-year cycle in Western movie making, I'd say we " ll see more in about 1982.' 1 In 1982 only two Westerns were released, and neither was exactly a major success. Barbarossa, starring Willie Nelson, drew some respectable reviews-and some very ...
I do not agree with the policies of President George Bush and the government regarding terrorism and the attacks of September 11 th. Bush has said that 9/11 changed everything for him. The lesson he learned is that we are not safe on our own soil. Since it is his sworn duty is to protect the US, his conclusion is that we must proactively fight terrorism and countries that support terrorists to prevent this from ever happening again.
He feels this justifies our war on Iraq. I do not share his beliefs. Why is the administration wrong? Firstly, these acts of war serve widen the gap between our cultures and confirms their view of our role as aggressors. The disarmament of foreign powers is not sufficient because our own “weapons” can effectively be used to attack us, as seen on 9/11. Increasing homeland security is not sufficient because there are too many holes that are nearly impossible to plug. The idea is good, but after years of trying to increase security with only marginal improvement, it is not a credible solution.
We are too dependent on foreign oil. We should be focusing on ways to reduce the demand for oil and try and solve this problem, sooner or later we will need to anyway due to the limitations of fossil fuels. What actions should have been taken in response to 9/11? First, we should support international treaties. We should be a leader in seeking peaceful solutions to conflicts, not a leader in the pre-emptive strike. We should be respectful of foreign leaders and more tolerant of different cultures and views.
We should be having talks with our adversaries, not refusing to talk (as we are with North Korea).
Terrorism in the Websters New American Dictionary is defined as the systematic use of intense fear as a means of coercion. In this day and age, the term terrorism is more than just the use of intense fear as a means of coercion but includes the use of terrorism as a means of revenge and pure sport and also as a means of suppression. While the dictionaries definitions says that it is the use ...
Perhaps the most important long-term solution is communication and a better understanding between our cultures. If we can change our image as a vile, materialistic imperialist demon, perhaps we have a chance at convincing future generations to be more peaceful. Terrorism is an age old mechanism used to achieve definite goals through violent ways. It is a difficult problem to deal with.
Terrorism is a multi-headed monster which has to be fought on many different fronts, with very different methods. Resolving terrorist issues throughout the world is a long and slow. Until different cultures can understand each other, no solution is in sight. “One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter.”.