Theatre is one of the most favorite artworks in Surakarta. It is shown by the enthusiasms of people to watch the performance of theatre and the growth of theatre groups that have increased lately. There is a difference between play/ drama and theatre. Play/ drama are a story that is written for actors to perform. So, it is one of the artwork of a theatre, while theatre can be defined as building with stage (place for the performance); building for film (place for watching movie; cinema); work (all the work of writing, acting in, and producing plays).
Theatre has been adapted to Indonesia many years ago. Before theatre come to Indonesia, theatre has been known in western country. The history of theatre is very long and so interesting to discuss. The earliest discover showed that in the 2000 BC, the oldest script of play is written by an Egyptian. Then, it has been growth years by years. The division of theatre according to the period is: Classic Greece Theatre (in 2300 BC) ; Classic Rome theatre (in 200 BC); Middle Age theatre (in 14-15 century, in Europe); Renaissance period (in 17 century) ; Queen Elizabeth period (in 1576) ; theatre in Spain and France (in 17 century) ; Restoration theatre in Britain; 18 century theatre; the beginning of 19 century theatre; 19 century Theatre and realism; 20 century theatre.
The growth cannot be described as a single straight line, but it can be describe as a radial flow chart because it does not grow in a one place, but it spreads to almost all parts of the world. The growing or history of theatre can be described below.
It is ironic that the Church, which caused theatres to be outlawed as the Roman Empire declined and then fell, was one of the primary means of keeping theatre alive through the Middle Ages. This resulted from the Church’s need to establish itself in the community a community still steeped in pagan ritual and superstition which manifested itself in seasonal festivals. The Church ultimately ...
The first discovery is that the drama script written by an Egyptian in the 2000 BC. The script is discovered by Rendra. The script was written by I Keer Nefert in the Ancient Egypt period about 2000 BC. I Keer wrote the drama script for the performance to be performed in the ceremony in Abydos that told about the fight between the Good God and the Bad God. The plot of the script is also portrayed on the relief on the older cemetery. Scientist state that the age of the relief is about 5000 BC and maybe it had been performed although it is discover in 2000 BC. is a evidence of the existent of theatre in Egyptian The ancient people had known the
The second discovery is that the growing of theatre in Greece. In the 2300 BC, a large stage is built by Classic Greek. The stage is called amphitheater, which has half-round shape. Many people went to amphitheater to watch the performances and the best performance would be given a present. The Classic Greek’s scripts are the first act script that create dialog between the characters. The script has several characteristics, such as the performance was shown in amphitheater; it had used act script; all of the characters are men even the character of a woman; they used a mask because they act as more than one character; the theme of the script was tragedy; beside the cast of the play, there are a group of choir, narrator, and dancers.
The next is that the growing of theatre in Classic Rome in 200 BC. After 200 BC, the artistic activity is turn from Greece to Rome.