The Battle of Britain was a battle between the German air force, the Luftwaffe, and the British air force, the Royal air force (RAF).
This battle took place over the skies of the United Kingdom in the summer and autumn of 1940. In order for Hitler to execute “Operation Sealion”, a planned invasion, successfully, he had to get rid of the British air force fearing that they will stop the operation if he tried to execute it. The first attack occurred in the August of 1940. Hitler decided to bomb the British airfields and then eventually cities. The British cities were bombed to bring out the RAF so the Luftwaffe could take them down. But Hitler underestimated the RAF, because the British had RADAR technology. The British were able to decode the German’s radio transmissions that warned them when the German’s were about to attack. The Luftwaffe suffered more losses than the RAF. Comparing losses in August, the Luftwaffe lost 669 units while the RAF lost 366 units. On September 17, 1940, Hitler cancelled the planned invasion, thereby accepting defeat in the Battle of Britain but continued bombing. This was an important event because it changed the course of World War II, weakening Germany’s air force and changing Hitler’s mind of invading Britain. The Battle of Britain changed the course of the twentieth because of the advanced technology used in that battle by Britain.
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First off, the Battle of Britain changed the course of World War II because it weakened the German air force, the Luftwaffe, which stunted Germany’s hopes of a swift victory. Germany underestimated the RAF and lost many of their fighters. But if Germany didn’t try to weaken the RAF, then there was a chance that the RAF might have attacked Germany. And if they did attack, Germany wouldn’t be able to defend itself as the British did even though the Luftwaffe outnumbered the RAF. Germany was so confident on taking over Britain that the commander of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Goering, told Hitler that his planes would be able to drive away the RAF so Hitler would be able to take over Britain. When the Luftwaffe failed, Hitler reconsidered invading Britain.
Secondly, the Battle of Britain was the most important event that changed the course of Britain’s twentieth century history because the Luftwaffe outnumbered the RAF. The German’s lost the battle because they were tactically ordered very poorly and they were obsolete in the time of technological advancements. Germany’s idea of a fast and swift victory was thought to be won by their countless men, and there use of the tactic “Blitz”. Of coarse, many times when Germany attempted this, Britain were able to read, and prepare against Germany’s every move. Technology gave Britain the upper hand against Germany, and Britain was able to rebound from the unfortunate loses of inexperienced, and proper trained fighters. For example After the Battle of France, in which it had suffered heavy losses, the Luftwaffe needed time to recover and re-equip. It suffered from supply problems, as the production of German fighters was 40% below target by summer 1940. Production between June and early August more than made up for the heavy losses in France. On 19 June, 520 aircraft were ready for operations. By 9 August, shortly before the launch of the full-scale German offensive, the number was 715, with a further 424 in storage units, available for use the next day. Britain was able to rebound their losses, and surpass Germany into being able to protect against them. Britain was able to fight smarter, with the least amount of casualties because they used their heads, and were able to make up for the lack of men with the creation of such inventions like RADAR, and the early jet engines. I believe that if Britain didn’t take this leap for us, this step into the new age, then it is quite possible that Germany would be the one with the last laugh and the world would be a different place.
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The Battle of Britain was an important event in World War II because it changed Hitler’s mind about invasion and crippled Germany’s air force. The battle also changed the course of the twentieth century by advancing our technology. This Battle of Britain forced people to realise that knowledge was the key to winning a war, and the Battle of Britain did. This battle changed the way our aircrafts and RADAR systems fight and defend against our enemies. Now invasions occur rarely because people are to keen on what’s going on around them, and by learning from our past mistakes we know enough to strengthen our defenses.