The cold war was a time of East-West competition, tension, and conflict short of full-scale war. There were real wars, sometimes called “proxy wars” because they were fought by Soviet allies rather than the USSR itself – along with competition for influence in the Third World, and a major superpower arms race. With the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II, international politics and conditions affecting postwar American strategy changed radically. The cold war was a competition between the United States and the USSR. The tension between the USSR and the US grew due to the different goals by two different leaders. Stalin had two goals he wanted in Eastern Europe. He first wanted to spread communism and second, he wanted to create a zone of friendly governments as a defense against Russia.
President Truman, who disliked Stalin, saw communism as an evil force creeping across Europe and threatening countries around the world. Because of both Stalin and Trumans ideas, President Truman decided to make the policy of containment. It was a foreign policy that stated that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence. He also made up a policy known as the Truman Doctrine. It provided economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarianism. In another effort to keep the peace and help the needy countries, Truman thought up the Marshal plan.
The Term Paper on Compare and Contrast the Roles of Truman and Stalin in the Breakdown of East–West Relations.
... communism. Later, he also introduced The Truman doctrine. This policy adopted to contain the expanding influence ... of the Second World War. USSR had to stop war actions because the country lost to many ... different ideologies between Russia and America. He wanted to protect Russian security and control the ... breakdown of East-West relations. They argue that Stalin was aggressive in his aims and he ...
It was an effort by the US to reduce hunger, homelessness, sickness, unemployment, and political restlessness in the many nations of Western Europe due to the war. In 1948, the United States and Britian flew food, medicine and supplies into Berlin after it was cut off from the United States by the Soviets. Besides all the policies many other organizations were formed. On of them was NATO, established under the North Atlantic Treaty on Apr. 4, 1949 by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States. Its cause was to safeguard the freedom of the North Atlantic community and the treaty was also designed to encourage political, economic, and social cooperation.
Another organization made was theYalta conference. Its plans were made for dividing Germany into four zones of occupation (American, British, French, and Soviet) under a unified control commision in Berlin, for war crime trials, and for a study of the reparations question. An agreement was also reached on reorganizing the Polish Lublin government on a broader democratic basis that would include members of Polands London government- in-exile. The conferees decided to ask China and France to join them in sponsoring the founding conference of the United Nations to be called together in San Frnacisco on April 25, 1945. This conference was a way to keep an alliance between the allied nations towards the end of war. Before all these policies and organizations were created the United Nations came about, its main purpose was to work for world peace. The U.N was formed on October 24, 1945, it was an international organization made up of almost every country.
The idea for the United Nations was elaborated in declarations signed at the wartime Allied conferences in Moscow and Tehran in 1943. From August to October 1944 the representative of France, China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the USSR all met to elaborate the plans ar Dumbarton Oaks Estate in Washington, D.C. These discussions provided the purpose of the organization and its memberships. The United Nations was formed to matain international peace and security. Also, to maintain international social and economic cooperation. These purposes were debated and discussed by the citizens, government officials and leaders worldwide.The United Nations tried to achieve their goal in the United States by trying to solve problems in the United States. They created agencies, such as the World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization, to provide help for millions of people.
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The U.N. also wanted to prevent disease and improve education. In 1955, Stalin and the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact. Although the USSR dominated in this Pact, it also included Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and East Germany, all the Communist countries of Eastern Europe except Yugoslavia. The Warsaw Pact was formed in Warsaw, Poland. It was a retaliation of the Soviet Union to the NATO. However, unlike the NATO, the Warsaw Pact doesnt have an independent organizational structue but is part of the Soviet Minisry of Defense.
It has served as one of the Soviet Unions main mechanisms for keeping its East European allies under its military and political control. Just recently, in March 1999, former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland joined NATO. The United States and the USSR both armed themselves and prepared for being attacked by the other country. Each country spent billions of dollars and raced to develop more effective military weapons, such as the atomic bomb, than the other. The Arms Race was a period of weaponary development in the world. Both countries strived to develop a stronger nuclear bomb. Also, nuclear rivalry led to the invention of a long line of increasingly deadlier weapons.
Because of the Arms Race, both countries have to many nuclear warheads and must pay billions of dollars to have them destroyed. During the Cold War the United States and Russia didnt only compete for nuclear weapons, they also competed in space. In 1957, the Russia sent Sputnick, a satellite, into orbit and caused America to worry because no one knew what the satellite was capable of doing. When Congress heard of this, it formed NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, to develop Americas technology. America then sent their own satellite into outer space, almost as a reply to Russia. Altough Russia sent the first man into space in 1961, the United States had the first man on the moon in 1969.
The nuclear arms race did threaten world peace because the weapons being created had the potential to destroy the world, to any nation this comprehension was threatening especially due to these weapons being in control of two countries that ideologically conflicted. Additionally, both superpowers paranoia for one another grew as the power of the weapons created grew and multiplied, this further ...
Both countries tried to develop their spy technology by using satellites in space. The Cold War was a time of competeing between to countries, fear of nuclear attacks and many agreements and organizations. But if there hadnt been a war the world would not of have been as advanced as we are today. The advancement of technology was the greastest during this period. At this time in history, a line was drawn through Europe separating democratic countries from communist countries. The Cold War was basically the political and strategic struggle that came to be after World War II between the United States and the Western European Allies..