Email had been used in 1971.The world which include the telex network that was used extensively by business on a world-wide basis from the mid-1920’s to the mid-1980’s. The telex network was independent of the telephone network and telex machines could connect with and communicate with any other telex machine on a global scale. Telex also was relatively secure in that the sending and receiving machines did identifying handshaking. It was relatively expensive to have a ‘telex line’ installed and subsequent telex messages were charged on a data transmitted basis. In addition, for much of its history, use of telex required a dedicated ‘telex terminal’ which was less than intuitive and often required trained operators. <<[ It may come as a surprise to many in this age of computers and chips everywhere that telex is still operating and being used throughout the world.] >>
During the 1960’s and 1970’s many companies who were using mainframe and mini computers also used email facilities on those systems. This enabled users of terminals attached to those systems to send messages to each other. As companies began to connect their central systems (hosts) to branch offices and subsidiaries then employees were able to send email to other employees of that company on a world-wide basis. Also during this time the US Department of Defence’s research into computer networks was well underway, resulting in the embryonic ARPANET –the forerunner to the now global Internet. According to information regarding these early years, the first ARPANET network email message was transmitted in 1971.
... and cons of whether a company should invest in an email monitoring system. According to Gaudin, companies are held liable for ... what their employees do when using company equipment. ... lawsuits against many organizations, companies have developed a policy on proper email practices on company computers. No longer is ...
In the late-1970’s and 1980’s, the personal computers exchanged messages remotely on ‘dial-up’ systems they had to both be subscribers. The proprietary systems did not interoperate or transmit messages from one system to another, or for the few systems that did these were notoriously unreliable – a reason for eventual demise of most of these systems. At the same time, companies and enthusiasts were setting up ‘bulletin board systems’ (BBS) which were often used both to send/receive messages and to exchange information.
In parallel with the development of the personal computer market, companies were connecting the personal computers increasingly being used by their staff, to both their mainframe/midrange systems and to “LAN-based” email systems. When connected to the mainframe/midrange systems they were often being used in ‘terminal emulation’ mode and therefore the email being used was the same as for the dedicated terminals. The LAN-based systems often had much easier-to-use interfaces and offered more functionality, such as the ability to send attachments with email messages.
As the company networks slowly evolved from terminal-based host-access applications through to PC work groups, the Internet was becoming more widely used for access to information. Firstly for military use, then academic and commercial communications.
As the Internet became available to more people, both privately and through company connections, the email facilities available to users have evolved from the proprietary email systems available within company networks and via host-based systems through to the current trend of “Intranets” which are effectively private mini-Internets, using the standards-based Internet services, such as mail & web servers in place of proprietary ones.
... for customers on their company's internet websites. Using the internet, customers are able to sign up for computer-based training classes. People ... face-to-face options. Although telephone systems do allow people to send broadcast messages, email seems more efficient when the amount of ... meetings to decide policy issues. Finally, email systems provide a way to send a message to a large number of people ...
Since 1995 both the Internet and email have been ‘hot’ topics. But when one cuts away the hype, one realizes that email itself is not new. What is relatively new however is that email is now: more readily available, interoperable between systems, available world-wide, inexpensive, much better known, where one can expect others to have an email address, generally complies with standards, much easier to use and fashionable.
No doubt the Internet will shape future communications, far beyond the current uses.As to what features and functions that will become available over the next few years, the speed of progress dictates that we can only guess.