In in the epic The Iliad, war is pictured as horrible, bloody, and fruitless. Homer makes it where there are no clear winners in The Iliad. The people in The Iliad die in vain because of arrogant and emotional decisions made by men. Achilles causes the death of his friend for many of reasons. First, Achilles did not want to fight, then, he leaves the Greeks at a disadvantage, and finally Achilles es poorly gave advise to his friend Patroclus to join the other fighters. Even the initial cause of the war, Paris’ kidnapping of Helen, a Greek woman, is a rash and selfish act (novelguide).
Zeus’ will plays a very important part in the evens that happen in The Iliad. Zeus’ will is unfailing, so in a way, the events that occur are all bound to happen. There is a small amount of flexibility as to when the events will happen. This flexibility comes from the intervention of the lesser gods, and the actions of mortal men. Apollo can send a plague on the Greeks, and Aphrodite can rescue Paris from certain death when he is fighting Menelaeus, but in the final outcome, the Greeks will sack Troy, and Paris will die (novelguide).
When the mortals interfere the Zeus’ will, the results are much more tragic. Since they are mortal, their actions have direct influence on their companions, and their lives. The gods feel pity when they cannot save one of the favored mortal, but that pity cannot compare to Achilles’ sorrow at Patroclus’ death.
Greek Mythology: Metamorphosis Metamorphosis is a key element in Greek mythology. This ability to change shape or form is a major development in the stories of Arachne, Zeus, and Daphne. Almost all of the gods had the power of metamorphosis. The first story was the one of Arachne. Arachne was a mortal, who was a great weaver. She was the best of all the mortals. She even thought she was as good as ...
Death and fighting is not pictured as glorious in The Iliad. The brave warriors get fame, gold, food, and women, and the younger Greek fighters get to thrive on this romantic notion. A closer look at the text shows that Homer describes many deaths in violent, anatomic detail. Most of these deaths are not important to the plot of the story, but they serve the important purpose of showing the reader that no death is insignificant or easy. These descriptions give The Iliad a “Saving Private Ryan” type of realism (novelguide).
The Iliad focuses a lot on Achilles’ struggle with his personal will versus the will of Zeus. In the middle of The Iliad, Achilles’ is not spoke of that often. With his absent, Homer has the opportunity to show the other side of the conflict, and what is all done by the Greeks and Trojans. During the time of the Trojan war, was an unwritten code of heroic conduct that the warriors followed. Defeated warriors were not always killed, they were often taken as a prisoner and then returned for a lump of money or some type of gift. Homer shows that mercy rarely survives in war. Two Greek warriors,Diomedes and Odysseus, sneak into a sleeping Trojan camp and kill many unarmed Trojans. Paris seems to ignore the conduct of a fair fight, and he runs away every chance he gets. And Achilles, after losing Patroclus by Hector’s sword, tortures Hector before killing him and treats his body very poorly. Desecration of a dead body was sacrilege to Greek and Trojan society, and it was a great insult (novelguide).
The last comments from Homer about the war came at the end of The Iliad, and they came in a peaceful manner. Homer stats to show some redemption for the war when Priam ask Achilles for Hector’s body. At the same time Priam and Achilles realizes what all has been lost because of the Trojan war. Hector, destroyed by the will of Zeus and the horror of the war, had a quiet and mournful funeral.
After doing research on The Iliad, I learned why this epic is still around after so many centuries. The Iliad was one of the most important and influential works in the world of literature. It created archetypes that some of the great writers alluded when they needed a metaphor or a simile. By the sixth century A.D., the supplementary epics disappeared. The writer, Proclus summarized them, and it was his work that survived to this day.
While the United States was fighting the Cold War to preserve its freedoms, the fears and anti-Communism the Cold War helped cause at home undermined some of those freedoms. One of the most notorious examples of this is Senator Joseph McCarthy. In his search for Communists in the U.S. government he infringed upon civil rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, provided to all Americans by ...