The most dangerous job There are certainly risks associated with different jobs. Fireman is obviously the most dangerous job in Federal Fire Department. Lets dwell on risks associated with firemens job, and try to find out whether the employees are adequately informed of the risks, and whether the risk is acceptable and reasonable. The main task of fireman is to act in case of emergency in different places in order to save peoples lives and liquidate the fire. Firemen jobs have to be ready around-the-clock in case of major emergencies (FiremenJobs.Com Website n.p.).
Preparation for quick response and accident prevention are also very important. What are the main risks associated with this job? First of all, firemen work in constantly changing unstable situation and risk their lives in the discharge of duty. Sometimes firemen feel lack of usual system integrity (Serra 134).
Accessories such as service elevators, passenger lifts, and access stairs can represent a danger because of fire. Firemans job often causes additional efforts; various situations require using specialized protective facilities. Fireman can work in extreme cases such as car accidents, industrial catastrophes, civil disorders, gas and chemical leakage, air and marine catastrophes, to mention a few. They also can participate in rescue and life-saving actions. The circumstances can change depending on challenge, and, therefore, the fireman is not always aware of all risks. Vehicles for extreme fire cases can include fire trucks, rescue vehicles, boats, vessels, helicopters, and ground-based equipment. The risk of transport accident increases during life-saving actions. Firemen often face increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, post-accident stresses and traumas in result of overwork during life-saving actions.
Any disaster affects the victims psychologically and physically but a recent research has indicated that the highest numbers of victims of a certain disaster are psychologically affected because victims are both direct and indirect. Psychological effects of either terrorist attack or natural occurrence may last for a long time and the effects of this problem are massive. This is because ...
Professional risks: Accidents and traumas Fall from the height during stair works, fall from the height in result of construction failure; fall of various items from the height during the rescue actions, fire works or property saving actions; traumas received in result of thumps, chops, including traumas in result of explosions; overexertion in result of overwork; direct and indirect contact with hot surfaces or superheated gases; inhalation of superheated gases and explosion/fire products; contact with chemical products, dangerous/hazardous chemicals; ventilation failure; traumas in result of car accidents, etc. Physical risks Demolishing of ceilings, walls and floors; sudden ignition or gas inflammation resulting in burns; sudden ignition or gas inflammation resulting in heat shock; Chemical risks Air/oxygen deficiency; monoxide carbon and other burning products in the air; impact of chemicals during extreme rescue operations related to chemicals, etc. Biological risks Biological risks include the risks to become infected with some disease during the contact with patients while medical aiding in extreme situations, etc. Ergonomic, psychosocial and organizational factors Psychological stress in result of post traumatic stress syndrome; mental and physical overstrain, traumas of muscles and skeleton in result of operation and/or transportation of heavy items (Kolycheva 12), i.e. fire-hoses and specific rescue equipment, etc. The firemens attitude to risks is quite arguable thing. We feel that risk is an integral part of firemens job, and, therefore, risk is mainly acceptable and reasonable. In conclusion Id like to add that firemans rule (a professional rescuers rule) states that a professional rescuer injured in the performance of his professional duties “assumes the risk” of such injury and is not entitled to damages.
Since the historical times fire has been very vital and is utilized for cooking raw food, warming houses and for providing light for seeing at night. In the earlier times fire was made by rubbing a piece of thin wood against a slab of wood till smoke appeared and eventually fire. Substances for example hydrocarbons can be burned thus generating heat by combustion phenomena. It is believed that a ...
National Fire Protection Association publishes guidelines NFPA 1500 that include program of labor protection for fire departments in order to reduce accidents, traumas and potential risks related to fire accidents.
FiremenJobs.Com Website. Airport Firefighter Jobs. Retrieved May 27, 2006. http://www.firemenjobs.com/airport-firefighter-job s.phtml Kolycheva, I.V. (2005) Evaluation of risk connected with occupational and industrial diseases in firemen. Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2005; (12): 11-17.
PMID: 16430115 Serra, A. (1990).
The occupational risks of firemen. Cattedra di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita degli Studi di Sassari. G Ital Med Lav. 1990 March-July; 12(2-4): 133-142.