King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud was the first King of Saudi Arabia and ruled between 1932 and 1953. He was also referred to as “Abdul-“Aziz Ibn Saud’ or Ibn Saud by the Western nations. Being a member of the family of Al-Saud, his ancestors had ruled during the eighteenth century. King Abdulaziz is acknowledged as one of the most charismatic Arab leader, who under his powerful leadership managed to unite most of the Arabian Peninsula. In addition, he is well known for changing the Arabian Peninsula history with his courageous and inspiring personality, a unifying religious faith, and inclusive politics.
This he did by establishing fresh matrimonial alliances with the powerful families in the Arabian region. By doing this, he was able to achieve unity and earn the people’s loyalty (Abdul Jabbar Beg, Accessed on March 27, 2009).
King Abdulaziz was born in Riyadh in the family line that was referred to as the “House of Saud”. He played a vital role in the establishment of the Unified nation of Saudi Arabia after he reconquered his ancestral home in 1902. This was followed by the consolidation of his control over Nejd in 1922 and his1925 conquest of Hejaz.
This enabled him to form a united nation of Saudi Arabia, whose success resulted to the economic prosperity of the modern day Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is during King Abdulaziz reign that petroleum was discovered in Saudi Arabia, but large-scale exploitation of petroleum began after the World War II. Although he was born in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz grew up in Kuwait after the conquest of his family land by the Al Rashid forced his family to go into exile. His efforts to conquer back his family land were a great motivation in his efforts to undertake expeditions and military operations with the aim of defeating the Al Rashid.
In the heart of the Middle East is a country known by many Westerners for its oil production and, often, extremist beliefs of groups within the country. The country is Saudi Arabia, and though it is thought of by many as a rather backward country, Saudi Arabia has a rich history and culture, and it is a country that revolves around Islam and the worship of Allah as the one true God. For about ...
The recapturing of various regions in Saudi enabled King Abdulaziz to consolidate power in the Arabian Peninsula to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. During his efforts to unite the Arabian Peninsula and his reign as a King, he related to the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The United Kingdom had a dominant role in the Arabian region when King Abdulaziz was involved in fighting for a unified Arabia. His relations with the United Kingdom and the United States had him support the two nations.
For example, during the World War II, he was considered to support the Allies (included the United Kingdom and the United States).
His good relationship with the United Kingdom is considered to have begun after his encounter with Captain William Shakespear. At the time of their first meeting, Captain William Shakespear was a political agent in Kuwait. Their meeting led to the establishment of good relations between the two which made it easy for King Abdulaziz to communicate with the United Kingdom. King Abdulaziz referred to the friendship he had with Captain William Shakespear as “remarkable”.
The United States role in the Arabian Peninsula before the establishment of the Kingdom was not as great as that of the United Kingdom. However, this changed when the two started to fight for dominance in the region. In this paper, the relations between King Abdulaziz and the United States and the United Kingdom will be discussed. Discussion The events that led to the establishment of Saudi Arabian Kingdom and King Abdulaziz assumption to power Although King Abdulaziz was born in Saudi’s city of Riyadh, he grew up in Kuwait after the conquest of his family land by Al Rashid.
He spent most of his childhood in Kuwait, and later participated in profitable raids in Nejd as he matured into an adult. Abdulaziz learned a lot about global issues from Mubarak Al-Sabah who was an emir of Kuwait. His first initiative to attack the Al-Rashid began in 1901, when he teamed up with his half brother and cousins to carry out raid expeditions against Arabic tribes associated to the Rashids. His raiding party was strengthened by loyal tribesmen who joined him. The 1902 recapturing of Riyadh had the Rashid governor in Riyadh, Ajian killed.
Shakespeare's King Lear William Shakespeare's King Lear had downfalls in character which later on caused him to suffer extreme consequences. if anyone knows the true meaning of suffering it is King Lear. King Lear's downfalls are his pride, selfishness, and blindness to truth. Pride as one of Lear's first downfalls, in the beginning Lear disowns his lovely daughter Cordelia, because Lear is to ...
King Abdulaziz was then referred to as Ibn Saud, and was considered as a great leader. This earned him great support from the people. Two years after recapturing Riyadh, King Abdulaziz was able to recapture almost a half of Nejd from the Al-Rashid. Although his armies were defeated in efforts that aimed at recapturing more regions, his forces were always able to regroup and continue fighting (Al-Rasheed, 2002).
With the help of a well trained and organized army, King Abdulaziz in 1912 was able consolidate his control over the Arabian Eastern Coast and Nejd.
His commitment to conquer was led to the formation of a militant religious organization referred to as Ikhwan. In addition, he tried to revive a traditional alliance with the scholars “Wahhabi Ulema”. It is his success over the Rashids’ in 1922 that had his territory increase in size. King Abdulaziz captured Mecca from Shariff Hussein bin Ali in 1925, and he was proclaimed as the King of the Hejaz in 1926 at the Great Mosque in Mecca. The Independence of Nejd and Hejz (modern Saudi Arabia), had the leadership of Al-Saudi restored.
The consolidation of power throughout the Arabian Peninsula between 1927 to 1932 was witnessed . Some elements of the ikhwan that he had founded were defeated in 1929 during the Battle to Sbilla after they disobeyed him. After conquering a large part of the Peninsula, King Abdulaziz had his dominions renamed as “Saudi Arabia”. He proclaimed himself as the King of Saudi Arabia. The British government tried to establish a good relationship with Ibn Saud during the struggle for a united Arabia through Captain William Shakespear. However, this was undermined by the death of Shakespear during the Battle of Jarrab.
Discussion 1. The relations between King Abdulaziz with the United Kingdom How the relations began The United Kingdom relations with King Abdulaziz had great influence on the events that led to the establishment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Furhermore, the British continued to influence the events that took place in Saudi Arabia even after King Abdulaziz assumed into power. The first relation between King Abdulaziz with an Englishman was his encounter with Captain William Shakespear who at the time of the meeting was a political agent in Kuwait.
T he plays depict the collapse of English control over parts of France and the bitter and fierce internal struggles between the Houses of Lancaster and York in the fight to gain the crown of England. King Richard III is regarded (Hume 202) as a piece of prop aganda support ing the Tudor monarchs who succeeded Richard after he was killed in battle . This essay examine s how the theme of conscience ...
The relationship was beneficial to the British and also to those who accompanied Shakespear to Riyadh . William Henry Irvine Shakespear was born in 1878 in Molten, Punjab . William’s father was an Indian Forestry service official and even some of his relatives served in the Indian Army. His family moved to England when William was nine years old. He attended school in England, and entered a Royal Military Academy in 1895 (Sandhurst).
After he was commissioned, Shakespear joined India’s Devonshire Regiment and later transferred to the Bengal Lancers regiment (in the Indian Army).
He then joined the Indian political department after leaving the army (Armitage, Accessed on March 27, 2009).
While at the Indian Political Department, William was in charge of fighting a plague epidemic in Bombay where an estimated half of a million people had died. He learned Pushtu, Urdu, Persian, and Arabic. In 1904, William was posted in Bandar Abbas as HM consul. He returned to India in 1907 and was posted to Kuwait in 1909 to serve in the position of a political Agent. This position enabled him to meet King Abdulaziz
While in Kuwait, William Shakespear established relations with the Arab leaders. For instance, he was able to establish a good relationship with Sheik Mubarak who was a ruler. This later led to William’s first meeting with King Abdul Aziz. William Shakespear is well known for his exploration of the Northern Arabia areas. During his Arabian expeditions, Shakespear made expeditions into the interior parts of Arabia, and these expeditions opened Shake spear’s opportunities to meet with King Abdulaziz.
While in Arabia, Shakespear acquired great knowledge of the language, customs, and tribes of the people in Saudi Arabia. His experience as a desert traveler and a hunter increased. Shakespear had expressed his desire of meeting King Abdulaziz to Sheikh Mubarak. This was after Sheikh Mubarak had indicated to Shakespear that King Abdulaziz would come to visit Kuwait . The meeting between Shakespear and King Abdulaziz took place on February 1910 when Shakespear met him together with his brothers.
According to Shakespear, King Abdulaziz and his brothers had shown interest in foreigners and the outer world, and considered King Abdulaziz to be frank, fair, handsome, shy, and courteous. In addition his reputation indicated that he was a broadminded ‘straight’ man, generous, just, and noble. King Abdulaziz during the meeting appreciated that the English were brothers and friends of Sheikh Mubarak, which made them his brothers and friends too. Therefore, King Abdulaziz welcomed Shakespear to Riyadh. This marked the beginning of the British and King Abdul Aziz relations.
(i) “In King Lear honour and loyalty triumph over brutality and viciousness.” Write your response to this statement supporting your answer with suitable reference to the text. OR (ii) “In King Lear the villainous characters hold more fascination for the audience than the virtuous ones.” Discuss this statement with reference to at least one villainous and one virtuous character. Support your answer ...