The Gagne-Briggs Theory of Design is in complete contrast with the social learning theory. For Gagne and Briggs, “learning occurs when an individual acquires a particular capability to do something (and since) the learned capability is not observable, we observe the learner’s behavior. ” From these, outcomes are produced. Learning is from within self. Gagne and Briggs then set about organizing the knowledge theorizing that these outcomes can be anticipated and planned.
First, they developed the five varieties of learning which gives a guide of performances that are outcomes of learned capabilities such as innate skills, attitude, and intellectual capacity. Then, these have to be set along certain conditions such as prerequisites, and opportunities to practice it. Instructional objectives and events are then developed and sequenced accordingly. This is the most common instructional approach being utilized today.
Social learning theory, on the other hand, focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context. “It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling. ” This means people can learn by observing other people’s behavior and study the outcomes. Contrary to behaviorists’ belief though that to learn, one must change his behavior, social learning believes that learning can occur without a change in behavior.
Good manners form an important part of our civilization. We know a man form his manners. Manners are important for our conduct in the society. So, we put too much stress on learning manners. Parents want to teach manners to their children. Teachers want to teach manners to their pupils. Mentors want to teach manners to their disciples. Because manners are so important for us. Manners are very ...
Actual reinforcement and punishment as well as mere expectations of it influence learned behaviors and indirectly at that. Paying attention to models is more essential for learning and can lead to submitting self to vicarious reinforcement.
Ormrod, J. E. (1999).
Human learning (3rd ed. ).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Reigelugh, C. (1983).
Instructional design theories. Retrieved on January 18, 2008, from http://www. ucalgary. ca/%7Eekowch/673/resources/gagnea. html