Copyright (c) 1996-1997 – School Sucks – web The biggest FREE School papers database on the Net! IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII FileName: 12 K 4. TXT A Subject: 031: Science: Philosophy A Title: Turing on Intelligence papers = Please put your paper here. Can computers ever be intelligent Hollywood would like to think so. Ever since the early 1960 s, free thinking machines have entered the mainstream of Science-Fiction films, from the evil “Hal” from 2001: A Space Odyssey to the elegant “Data” in Star T to Turings criterion. In 1950, Alan Turing devised a test to determine intelligence of a digital computer in his historic essay, Computing Machinery and Intelligence.
His name for the test was the “Imitation game,” which was later named the “Turing Test” by members of the AI test was held on November 8, 1991 in Boston’s Computer Museum. The contest was called the Loebner Contest, named after a business man Hugh Loebner who offered a $100, 000 dollar prize to the author of the first program to pass the full Turing test. In t To this day, the AI community cannot agree on how it is we are intelligent. If we are conscious, self-aware, understanding, rational beings, and we are also intelligent, are we intelligent because we are conscious, self-aware, and rational, or are these a chines outward behavior is indistinguishable from the intellectual behavior of a human, then the machine is intelligent. Turing implies that what is happening within the computer is irrelevant to the question of intelligence. This definition omits the The definition of intelligence Turing proposed almost fifty years ago still remains a valid one.
... better person that you are, not more intelligent. Someone with a bad emotional intelligence you wouldn't want to be around all ... emotional intelligence in most situations. With emotional intelligence come many different tests. I took three tests to help determine my emotional intelligence. The first test was ...
Members of the AI community have accepted his definition as a law. Still others refute his definition. In attempt to show that Turings definition of intel 1. Store 2. Executive unit, 3. Control.
Like and infant growing to adulthood constantly taking in data and storing it, the computer can also receive and store inputs. With technology today, this storage can be nearly infinite. The executive unit in an infant is the infants ability to access he store, and dictates the computers behavior. It is clear that although there exist significant parallels between the broad functions of a human mind and those of a computer, there seems to be a fundamental difference between these two systems: The computer simply recalls information stored in its d But wouldnt that just be an application of already known discoveries applied to a different problem If this type of work is defined as original, then a computer can easily produce original work by linking information in its databases together applying n thought. The only difference there seems to be is the lack of consciousness on the part of the computer.
I would now like to take apart the argument of consciousness Turing addressed in his paper with a modern example. The argument from consciousness is simple: In order to know a machine thinks, one would have to somehow find out if the machine knows it is s with Chinese characters on them. When a native Chinese speaker who acts as a judge inserts a phrase by means of index cards through the slot, the man must formulate a response. But the rule book does not have translations for the characters.
Instead, Searle states that no computer program could ever understand anything as we understand things. Programs mimic the actions of the English speaker, they follow rules to manipulate meaningless symbols. Although the output of the computer is meaningful to u become the machine and experience the consciousness it is experiencing. The Turing test still remains the most accurate means of measuring intelligence. It is clear that computers “think” differently than humans.
... of perception form the false identity. On the other hand John Locke proposes this concept that says X has identity if ...
Philosophers like John Searle support the claim that computers will be able to think consciously, although not i References: Epstein, Robert. The Quest for the Thinking Computer. AI Magazine, pages 80-95, 1992. Garner, Robby. The Idea of FRED, ALMA, Issue 1, January 18, 1996 Grib bin, John. In Search of Schroedingers Cat.
New York. 1984. p 163. Turing, A. M. , 1950.
Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Mind 59: 433-460. Reprinted in: Haug eland, John. Mind Design II. 1997, 29-56 Plato, Meno. Indianapolis, Indiana. 1949.
p 44. Searle, John. Minds, Brains and Programs. Behavior and Brain Sciences 334.