26. Nicholas Biddle- American diplomat and financier He later became a contributor to Port Folio, a leading literary journal He tried unsuccessfully to gain a new federal charter for the bank, but in 1836 he secured a state charter and the bank was thereafter known as the Bank of the United States of Pennsylvania. Biddle resigned as president of the bank in 1839. 27. Roger Taney- American jurist and 5 th chief justice of the United States, well known for his controversial decision in the Dred Scott case.
28. Jacksonian Democrats- The concept of Jacksonian Democracy glorified the equality of all adult white males — the common man. It disliked anything that smacked of special privilege. It rejected the elitist view that only the proven “best” men should be chosen to manage public affairs. 29.
Whigs- member of a former British political party, traditionally in opposition to the Tory party. A Whig may also be a member of the Whig party of the United States. The name is probably derived from Whiggamore, a derogatory term first applied to the Covenanter’s of 17 th-century Scotland, who were supporters of Presbyterianism. 30. Martin Van Buren- ight h president of the United States (1837-1841) and the first president born after the United States won its independence. He was regarded by his contemporaries as such a wily and artful politician that they dubbed him the “Little Magician” and the “Red Fox of Kinderhook.” he was intellectually committed to Jeffersonian democracy, and as governor of New York and president of the United States he instituted a number of farsighted economic and political reforms.
... president Fillmore to complete the deal. The Whigs found their greatest, noblest cause in preservation of the union. Truly for this the Whig party ... unity, a protective tariff, the rechartering of the Bank of the United States, a reform of the spoils system, and limitations ... to the power of the chief executive. The Whigs pulled ...
These included bank deposit insurance, the independent treasury system, and a limit on labor hours. He also played a major role in the creation of the Democratic Party. 31. William Henry Harrison- ninth president of the United States (1841).
He was one of the most important figures in the early westward expansion of the United States. Harrison took millions of acres of land from Native Americans by treaty or conquest. His exploits on the frontier, especially his defeat of the Shawnee at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, obscured his Virginia plant.