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(IATA) estimated (IATA) that airlines are collectively losing £130m per day in loss. Travel companies are also losing out. TUI, the owner of First Choice and Thomson and Europe’s biggest travel operator, says it is losing between £5m and £6m a day.
When magma rises it forms sheets of magma. If the new sheet of magma didn’t collide with an old sheet lingering on for 200 years, such a massive disaster wouldn’t have happened. Enviornmental Effects
The enviornmental effects will be disasterous and devastating. At the mouth of the crater, the gases, and the volcanic mixtures have created a rare weather scene known as volcanic lightning (or a “dirty thunderstorm”).
In March 2010 Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland exploded into life, spilling lava, magma, rock and clouds of ash into the sky above it. The disaster grounded airlines, stranding holidaymakers and business passengers across Europe and North America.
The long term effects were to be devestating, and the short term effects were not that less traumatizing. The reason for the explosion is very complicated but here is the geographical reason. Most active volcanoes have a single chamber that fills with magma, then pops. Instead, Eyjafjallajökull had a series of horizontal chambers that lieincreadibly close to each other.
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The commonly-known threat a volcano can make is the flow of super-heated rock known as lava. This lava causes fires and destroys everything in its path. The lava will cool and form new rock called basalt. Basalt is rich in minerals and elements and decays into rich, fertile soil. This however doesn’t mean that volcanoes benefit farmers; in fact this actually turns out beneficial on a rare basis. Small earthquakes will often follow after an eruption and are continuous during the eruption. If these occur under water, a tsunami can develop that will damage shore lines. Other effects of an eruption include mudflows, falling rocks, landslides and geysers. The chances of this happening in Iceland are very low but in other countries they are common. Volcanoes have an intense impact on the stratosphere, the second layer of the atmosphere. Gases released from the eruption will convert sulphur dioxide to sulphuric acid, which condenses in the stratosphere. This greenhouse gas traps heat in the atmosphere. Already when global warming is a hot topic this didn’t help of promoting an eco-friendly world. Similar to the stratosphere the ozone layer is also affected. A volcanic eruption forces chemical reactions that alter chlorine and nitrogen. This is combined with chlorofluorocarbon pollution and generates chlorine monoxide, which destroys ozone. Chemical reactions like this produce acid rain. Hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride are released by volcanic eruptions and dissolved in water droplets in steam clouds. This creates an acid rain that will fall to the earth, harming plants, marine life and infrastructure.
Icelands tourist industry itself was badly hit. Iceland is well reknowned for its luxurious hot springs. They just couldn’t bring the tourists from abroad simply beacause the planes were grounded in europe. The most direct casualty of the ash is the airline industry. The International Air Transport Association revenues.