1. About the Russian Civil War? Russian communist leader Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) was a fanatical supporter of Marxism and Darwinism. In the Russian Civil War of 1918-20, he used the force of the Red Army to stamp out whoever he decided were enemies of the Soviet State. He confiscated food from peasants, brutalized the Ukrainian army of insurgent peasants, and killed its guerrilla leader, N. I. Makino.
He inflicted torture and violence against Christians, mercilessly trashed churches, and led the Society of the Godless to get rid of religion. 2. The Versailles Treaty? Why did the Germans dislike it? The final peace settlement of Paris consisted of 5 separate treaties with the defeated nations-Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. The Germans were unhappy with Art 231, the so called “War Guilt Clause” which declared Germany and Austria responsible for starting war, and ordering Germany to pay reparations for all damages to which the allied governments and their people were subjected as a result of the war. 3. Which nations were created by the Paris Peace Conference in 1919? Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Hungary.
4. Concept of the Mandate? System that was established after WWI whereby a nation was administered a territory (mandate) on behalf of the League of Nations, France administered Lebanon and Syria as mandates. Great Britain administered Iraq, Transjordan and Palestine. League of Nations? US, Great Britain, France and Italy joined to promote international cooperation and achieve international peace and security by accepting obligations not to resort to war. 5. The Great Depression.
Directions: For each of the four timelines that follow (1914, 1915, 1917, and 1918–1919), complete the timeline replacing the words “[Paste description here]” with the text of the correct description from the table beneath it. 1914 Timeline June 28, 1914| The event that triggered World War I| Sarajevo| The heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and his wife are assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a ...
What caused it? What was the outcome? A downturn in domestic economics and international financial crisis created by the collapse of the American Stock Market in 1929, over production of basic commodities, impose tariffs, withdrawals from banks this caused trade to slow down, production was cut back, unemployment increased. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s The New Deal was the outcome. 6. New Deal? Relief: employment in public works (construction of roads, bridges, post offices and airports).
Recovery: business Reform: banking FDIC, loans to farmers and others, conserving the soil, unions, social security, benefits for retirement, over time payment, false advertisement, 7. John Maynard Keynes? British economist who condemned the traditional view that in a free economy, depressions should be left to work themselves out and argued instead that unemployment stemmed not from overproduction but from decline in demand and that demand could be increased by putting people back to work constructing highways and public buildings, even if governments had to go into debt to pay theses works a concept known as deficit spending. 8. Full employment achieved as a consequence of what? WWII.