Illiteracy is a dark stain in our society. More than 50% of the population is still illiterate in Morocco. Because of illiteracy Morocco’s rank has decreased from 120 in 2007 to 138 in 2010 in human development index. Many efforts have been taken to reduce the rate of the problem but all of these efforts were not efficient enough to wipe out illiteracy. It is up the government and civil society associations as well as NGOs to take quick and efficient measures to make the half of the society able to read and write.
The first step should be taken to face illiteracy is setting efficient and clear policies that will reduce the percentage of the illiterate to at least 10% of the population. On the one hand, the government should conscientize people about the disastrous effects of illiteracy upon society and future generations. For instance, the ministry of education should promote education programs through mass media instead of spending huge amount of money in advertising. On the other hand, it is up the government to clean its administrations from corrupt officials that hinder the implementation of its policies. These officials are in fact responsible for the spread of illiteracy among Moroccans. However, legislating laws remains fruitless unless the government sets out to fulfill its obligations. This seems a heavy burden for the government but it is the first step towards solution.
Besides setting policies in dealing with the phenomenon, government and civil society associations should provide adequate mechanisms to combat illiteracy especially in rural areas. Since the rate of illiteracy is higher in rural areas than in urban areas we need first to connect our countrysides with cities by building roads and supplying them with electricity so that teachers can reach them. We need also to build centers specialized in teaching illiterates because current ordinary schools cannot provide good education for they are dedicated to school children and also are ill-equipped. However, teachers remain the cornerstone in this process. Providing highly-qualified and experienced teachers in dealing with the illiterate will serve a great deal to render the illiterate literates and intellectuals. These mechanisms could achieve tremendous results if done properly.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIETY AND EDUCATION Introduction Many sociologists have observed that there is a strong relationship between education and society. This observation is borne out of the fact that it is not possible to separate or draw any line of demarcation between the two concepts. This is because of the fact that what happens to the educational system undoubtedly affects the society, the ...
Solving the problem of school dropouts is the most efficient measure should be taken for the great majority of the interviewed illiterate say that they have dropped out of school or never entered school at all. We should encourage parents to send their children to school and not deprive them of that right. I n addition to that, the government and its collaborators should provide buses to children in very remote areas for not the later drop out of school because of schools being far from their homes. The government has to make every effort to send back dropout children to their schools as much as possible to prevent them from resorting to criminality and being abused. Illiteracy could have been wiped out if these steps had been done several years ago.
Implementing these measures should not only be done on the part of the government or other organizations but also on the part of people from all social strata to cooperate with the government to remove this black stain from our country and make all Moroccans be able to contribute to the development of this country.