Answer: Since mankind appeared, women have played an important role. Women in general had role of household chores, producing children, bearing and educating them. In the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia, women’s lives were different in some aspects. However, women were so much better off in Egyption society than Mesopotamion.
In most civilizations including Mesopotamia, women’s quality was lower than men’s. Men could inherit property, engage in business, and act as political leaders. However, these privileges did not apply to women. But in Egypt, women were allowed to own property, engage in business, take part in religious activities and sometimes they could act as political leader. Marriages in Egypt and Mesopotamia were almost arranged. However, in Meosopotamia, women were considered the property of the men whereas in Egypt, women were considered equal.
The women in ancient Egypt enjoyed more status, respect and opportunity than those of Mesopotamia did. It was allowed pharaoh could be female. Some women became the highest office holders in the kingdom, and share a status of co-rulers with men, such as Hatshepsut, Nefertiti, Nefertari, Cleopatra VII, Ankhesenamun, they were the most famous and powerful queens of ancient Egypt. The status of women in Egyption society was so much better off than in Meosopotamion society.
Because in the ancient times of Neolithic period, Egyptian believed that there was a widespread goddess cult. The most influential goddesses of Egyptian were Isis, Hathor, Bastet and Sekhmet. Isis was a goddess of magic and mysticism, Hathor was responsible for nourishment and love, Bastet was a goddess protector of the home and Sekhmet was responsible for wrath. The ancient Egyptian believed that the goddess would protect them, take after their lives and bring happiness to them.
1) I have chosen to discuss the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Both have many significant similarities and differences. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic ...
To them, the goddess was the Supreme Being, intelligent and powerful most. The ancient Egyptian were soon aware of the important role of women in society. And they thought that a happy and prosperous society needed the contribution of both men and women. Moreover, the social system in Mesopotamia is also harsher to women than in Egypt. In Mesopotamia, there were more customs and laws which women must follow than in Egypt.