The Industrial Revolution (1820 – 1870) was of great importance to the economic development of the United States. It brought on many changes in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in the United States. Some of the most significant changes that occurred during the Industrial Revolution were the over-all economic changes; some being those for women and children. There were many changes for women and children during the Industrial Revolution.
The first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain and Europe during the late eighteenth century. The Industrial Revolution then centered on the United States and Germany. Part of what started the Industrial Revolution for America was the passage of the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. When America went to war with Great Britain in 1812, the war made it apparent that America needed a better transportation system and more economic independence. Industrializing in America involved three important developments. First, transportation was expanded. Second, electricity was effectively harnessed. Third, improvements were made to industrial processes such as improving the refining process and accelerating production.
There were many technology advances during the industrial revolution. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1794, making separating cotton seeds from fiber much faster. He also came up with the idea to use interchangeable parts in 1798 to make muskets. This became an important part of American Industry. Elias Howe created the sewing machine in 1846, which revolutionized the manufacture of clothing. Francis C. Lowell increased the efficiency in the manufacture of cloth by bringing spinning and weaving processes together into one factory. Allowing clothing to be made in factories as opposed to at home, and leading to the development of the textile industry. As industries and factories arose, people moved from farms to cities. With the increased size of the United States, better communication networks became ultra important. In 1844, Samuel F. B. Morse created the telegraph and by 1860, this network ranged throughout the eastern coast to the Mississippi.
The first American Industrial Revolution took place between 1780 and 1860, an event in history that changed the United States dramatically. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, producing material goods was very time-consuming and labor intensive because everything was handmade. Advances technology, however, allowed for manufacturers to produce large quantities of products within a short period of ...