Material I like from TESL Canada Teachers’ Resource Centre – Permission granted for classroom copying;
Material created by: J. Chodarcewics – Estimated CLB 5 – File Name: ContCluesIntro-V-5
INTRODUCTION TO CONTEXT CLUES
When reading, you will sometimes find a word that you do not know. One quick, effective method of finding the meaning of a new word is by using the context. The context means the other words around your new word.
For example, do you know the word knob? Read this sentence and then write the meaning:
Turn the knob on the radio until you find an FM station that plays good music. _______________.
Important words in this example include turn, radio, FM, and music. The knob is the part of the radio that you turn to find a station. In general, a knob is anything similar that you can turn. The part of the door that you put your hand on in order to open the door is the door knob.
Here is another example:
We learn quickly in this school because there are only twelve pupils in each class.
Important words here include school, twelve, and class. So, pupil: ____________________________
Sometimes the context can change the meaning of a word:
They watch television every day. // I was late because I forgot to wear my watch.
The English alphabet has twenty-six letters. // I often write letters to my friends.
Quite often, there will be an rather obvious pattern of meaning to help you guess what must be coming.
Words and Their Implied Meanings Would you rather belong to the 'Apple Dumpling Gang' or the 'Crypts'? The connotation of the word gang reaches 'hit an all time low' in the 1990's. We envision today's gang members as drug lords who kill each other on street corners. Society rejects and imprisons them. Once members of a 'gang's imply shared common interests and enjoyed social acceptance, much as ...
The following exercise lets you practice that skill.
CONTEXT CLUES: OPPOSITES
Read each of the following sentences and write a word that completes the meaning of the sentence.
Each time, be ready to explain how you have discovered the pattern of meaning.
1. George is not single. He is __________.
2. Your answer is not correct. It is __________.
3. This box is not small. It is ___________.
4. John is very tall, but his brother is __________.
5. (24a2 + 6ab +8b3 = ?) is complicated, but (2 + 2 = ?) is __________.
6. Turkey is expensive, but chicken is __________.
7. The weather in February is usually cold. However, the weather in August is almost always __________.
8. The reading test was very easy. However, the vocabulary test was __________.
9. A rabbit runs fast, but a turtle walks __________.
10. The salad tasted bad. In contrast, the meat was __________.
CONTEXT CLUES: MULTIPLE CHOICE
Using the context to help you guess correctly, circle the correct meaning for each italicized word.
1. Larry lives by himself. Last night he cooked two pounds of fish for dinner. After he had finished eating, he gave the remaining fish to his cat.
2. I forgot to put the bread back in the bag, and now it is stale.
3. She usually wears a lot of expensive jewelry when she goes to elegant parties.
a. rings, watches, earrings
b. cars, houses, trips
c. steaks, fish, vegetables
4. A mouse is small, but an elephant is huge.
a. very big
c. the same colour
5. I can’t understand John’s English because he speaks so quickly that I can’t keep up!.
6. The supply of food in that country is very low. Many people may die soon as a result.
7. Oh, there you are! When did you get here?
8. After he took the medicine, he wasn’t ill anymore.
In thinking of films that are able to exemplify many film elements that are put together in an interesting and organized manner the movie Rumble Fish comes to mind. The director Francis Ford Coppola demonstrates how metaphors are able to help decipher a deeper meaning of the film. Rumble Fish is a film that is about growing up and seeing new things that have never been seen before. The two main ...
9. Ann is very intelligent. She knows the answers to all the teacher’s questions.
10. After Mrs. Brown put the letter in the envelope, she sealed it and put a stamp on it.