The Founding Fathers played a pivotal role in our countries foundation. These men were activist of their times. The literature they produced such as the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution we live under today were all penned during the Enlightenment Era. Each of these powerful documents changed the course of America’s history and helped in establishing our country’s independence.
The Constitution republic that was envisioned by the Founding Fathers became a place of liberty and opportunity for countless millions of people from all over the world (Our Ageless Constitution, 1987).
Their ideas worked whereas others failed because they were based on enduring principles which recognized human imperfection and the need to structure a limited government of laws, dependent upon the consent of a people who, themselves, understood the principles (Our Ageless Constitution, 1987).
The principals acknowledged that individual rights are derived from a Creator. The principals were largely based on the enduring principals compatible with “the laws of nature and of nature’s God. The principals also recognized human imperfection and that a tendency to abuse power is ever present in the human heart (Our Ageless Constitution, 1987).
These principals also restrained those in power through a written Constitution which carefully divided, balanced, and separated the powers of government and then intricately knitted them back together again through a system of checks and balances.
Constitutional Movements During the Ottoman Period Constitutional movements during the Ottoman period commenced towards the end of the 18 th century. During the period of the 1789-1808, Sultan Selim the Third envisaged the formation of an advisory assembly, called the Mec lis-i Meshveret, within the context of the New System (called the Nizam-i Cedi d) that he wanted to have set up, which is seen ...
They also left all powers with the people, except those which, by their consent, the people delegated to government and then made provision for their withdrawing that power, if it was abused (Our Ageless Constitution, 1987).
These documents where influenced by the doctrine of “natural right”, the rights of man are held to be universal: valid at all times and in every place, pertaining to human nature itself.