CHARLES UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
Department of English Language and Literature
Essay – Xenophobia
(Basis for the credit the subject of writing)
Presented by: Morgan Craig Alan, M.A.
Developed by: Eliška Holzknechtová
Study: English language – Pedagogy
Year: 1. full, winter semester
* global problem which shouldn’t be overlooked
* dictionary definition
* it’s natural for humans
* it occurs everywhere
* it becomes very dangerous, while it involves large group of people
* it starts quietly
* it can grows in ideologies (Nazism, racism…)
* reason to xenophobia – dissatisfaction with life, it’s psychological problem
* future – multicultural education, it’s on a good way
* today’s defending
* exploring differences of other people
* enrichment of our world, future
The more I wander through the world and the more I met people from other countries, the more I come to indisputable fact, that xenophobia is a global problem, which shouldn’t be overlooked. In the past, this issue has caused many problems, but it still seems to me it isn’t taken seriously enough. According to the dictionary xenophobia is “fear of strangers or foreigners or of anything foreign or unknown or hatred for unfamiliar or foreign.” In particular, it’s important to realize, that xenophobia is part of each of us and that the xenophobic tendencies or prejudices will probably never be completely eliminated. The manifestation of racial discrimination occurs in the labour market, in the provision of services and also in the field of education. Unknown commonly raises concern.
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This tendency, however, can become very dangerous, while involves large groups of people. Most often we can hear about xenophobia in relation to other ethnic groups, different cultures, often directed at the followers of other religions, people with different sexual orientation, or maybe “just” on the opposite sex.
Xenophobia can also grow up in ideologies that proclaim the superiority of one group of people over another: racism, anti-Semitism, Nazism. When in the society wins xenophobia and people who can benefit from the xenophobic tendencies will come to power it may lead to systematic extermination of entire populations, as it was in Europe – the Holocaust or ethnic cleansing in Serbia. And the worst thing is that it always starts quietly: “Foreigners are taking our work,” “Jews stealing our country”, “Roma live off our taxes.”
But let’s try to look at it from the other side. What’s the reason to xenophobia?
Among the psychological causes includes dissatisfaction with ones own life and efforts to strengthen his own identity. If someone feels dissatisfied, he tries to determine the cause of his discontent – everyone is naturally “lead” to look for such a reason which is considered to be relatively manageable and removable. The easiest solution is to blame his problems on someone else and the simplest target is often some controversial isolated minority.
In the future I see hope for improvement, as in education in recent years are beginning to talk about topics such as multicultural education, which should children from an early age lead to tolerance, mutual understanding and respect for other cultures. Schools are now able to include multicultural education into their curriculum yet, but there are not enough backgrounds for teaching this course, so the possibility of studying the subject must wait until the situation improves.
In our textbook, prejudice is defined as: " a form of thinking whereby an individual forms an unfavorable attitude directed towards groups of people, based on insufficient or incorrect evidence about these groups." Prejudice has been a part of society for as long as society has been. There are many different theories on the reasons for why people form prejudices. The theory of social ...
But even today we can actively defend them. First, exploring the differences and than we can find that the people of another religion or appearance has often very similar joys, sorrows, hopes and plans as well as we. Each can be perceived at the first place as a unique and unrepeatable person and only then as a member of some groups: Muslims, Roma, gay, Vietnamese. And finally consciousness, that an unknown, although it may initially cause concern, is the source of new information, new perspectives and opportunities to enrich our old world can lead to that the future maybe won’t repeat the mistakes of the past.