Civilization first started when hunter and gathers crossed an economical threshold of immense significance. They began settling and domesticating plants and animals in order to survive. This mode of living steered the human society in altogether new direction and started a new period called the Neolithic Era. From this day forward, the human society began to evolve, creating an easier life style.
The first step the human society made was developing a fine way to find food without having to move from place to place. They notice the life cycles of plants as well as how the temperature, the rain, and the sunshine effected the vegetation. Also, new tools made out of copper were developed to facilitate the agricultural work. Rice, beans, pepper, maize, yams, peas were some of the food that they cultivated. They also domesticated animals rather then stalking wild games. Sheeps, goats, chicken and pigs were the common domesticated animals.
Agriculture made it easy for the society to expand its horizons. While food is being produced in a widely way, the population multiplies twice its original size. Therefore there are more people that helps to cultivate, producing more food and multiplying its population. While the population increased and land was scarce they began to stratify, dividing their valuable resource in unequal parts. This made the people to invent another strategy to keep surviving in this world.
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Due to the surplus of food it enable to some individual to concentrate their time and talent on enterprises such as pottery, metal working and textile production. From these services they began to exchange their enterprises for food. As time passed, cities established marketplace where attracted buyers and sellers from distant part of the world. This external trade made a mean to exchange food to food, thing to food or thing to thing, as well as exchanging thoughts and ideas. Ideas like metal working and agricultural techniques were spread through the world by trade.
Writing was spread by the method of trade. Writing is a sophisticated cultural tradition that was originated invented for purposes of record keeping. It quickly became an undependable tool for government, administration, and trade. I t also made trade to be a little simpler by annotating who was in debt and what was the prices of the product.
The earliest known writing came from Mesopotamia. They first experimented with pictographs representing sounds syllables and ideas as well as physical object called Cuneiform. From there it evolved as Alphabetic Writing invented by the Phoenicians. It was easier to memorize and didn’t require lots of work. From there on writing evolved from different parts of the world having there own alphabets. This allowed for people to read and write to other people without having any difficulties.
In conclusion, civilization was created by the people and was later on evolved in the future. Civilization was composed by techniques and tools that helped us survived in this world. Agriculture, trade and writing were the few of the techniques that are still used daily in our lives.