Healthy Behaviors: physical activity and Nutrition
Elderly people should be more conscious regarding their health, daily exercise, and nutritional habits. Many elderly people are aware of what their body need and do exercise but the majority still doesn’t see it as a priority. Healthy aging start by improving eating habits. Also Physical exercise benefits seniors more than any other group. A regular program of exercise for an elderly improves conditioning and helps prevent chronic diseases. It can reduce the risk of many chronic diseases, like osteoporosis, heart disease, stroke and some cancers. It is actually a natural pain reliever for people who suffering from arthiers.
As physical activities and exercises can improve elderly people health and their well-being, there are several designed types of physical activity that can prevent from falling and improve mobility and flexibility. For example, Balance activities can help to maintain posture and balance to prevent elderly from falling. It is also helpful for elderly who are at risk for bone fracture. Another exercise is stretching which helps to ease movement, improve flexibility and prevent muscle strain and injury. There are many physical activity programs that are suitable for every fitness level, even inactive elder individuals. One of these programs is called Foundation Exercise Program; it is designed to reduce pain and stiffness by keeping joints flexible and muscles strong. Another program is called “Be Fit over Fifty”; this program is designed to help elderly to find a safe, effective, and enjoyable way to exercise at home. The Be Fit Over Fifty is a series of exercise tapes & DVD’s that designed to meet the varied needs of the adult and elderly people. All of the programs are fun to do and easy to follow with a soundtrack of upbeat popular swing music in the background.
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Along with frequent exercise, elderly people should follow healthy eating habits. A healthy food can protect their overall health by giving their body needed nutrients. Good nutrition provides more than energy, structural components, vitamins and minerals. According to the U.S. Administration on Aging, 87 percent of older Americans have a chronic disease that can be improved through nutrition. So many researched shown that eating a healthy diet can reduce the risk of anemia, confusion, infections, hip fractures, high blood pressure, and wounds.
As old people get older, their appetite diminishes. That’s because they are not as active as they used to be. Also lean muscle mass decline and their bodies burn fewer calories. So it’s important to get their all the energy and nutrients that their body need. It is a good idea for them to eat smaller meals and frequent snacks instead of eating three big large meals. They also need to be careful with the quality of snacks they eat.
Also drinking water is important in their diet since elderly people don’t feel thirsty that much as they get older. So they should be aware that they need to be hydrated. Since Vegetables and fruits are called water based fluid are good sources of fluid instead of consuming sugar in unhealthy juices. Many elderly people couldn’t prepare their food and buy ready meals. They might think that as long as this meal has vegetables and meat it is considered healthy; they need to be aware that many ready meals are not nutritionally balanced and have saturated fat and sugar. Other frozen vegetables and dried fruit are much healthier and pretty similar to fresh ones. So our life style can direct our life in the future, either healthy long life or unhealthy suffering life. So being healthy is a big part of life that everyone wouldn’t want to miss out.
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