The Campaign of Crecy
King Edward III had many significant advantages that helped make him a successful leader in the campaign of Crecy compared to his adversary King Phillip of France. My paper will cover four key parts that helped lay out a victory over an army that was fighting on its home soil and one that outnumbered Edwards army on the battlefield. The first part will cover the build up. The second and third part will cover the counsels given to Edward and the Battles’ they helped win. The fourth part will deal with the aftermath and conclude the reasons I think that Edwards was a better leader.
King Edward was prepared for war, he knew that his men were in trouble on a distant battlefield and decided to go to their aid. He sent out letters to all of the lords of his lands and amasses a great army and fleet to carry them to France. His time and preparation seemed perfect. The wind would say otherwise though and would benefit him in the long run. Edward did a great job on getting all of his men to one spot and was quick with his decisions. He left his country in good care and left enough men to defend England if needed.
King Edward took a risk in trusting counsel from Sir Godfrey of Harcourt which in the end paid well for him. Edwards to the advice to land in Normandy with the intention of taking over un-watched wealthy lands such ads Barfleur, Cherbourg, Montbourg and Valogner. Their first real threat was in Caen, But using an intimidating, well disciplined formation the English Slaughtered all of the resistance. In a city with narrow streets Edwards was intent on taking the whole city before he moved on. Once again he showed great leadership values by listening to Godfreys advice not to take the fight “ house by house” seeing as it would cost a lot of time and lives, instead the took what they could and moved on sending back to England the Plunder and prisoners they had collected. Edward ability to finance his war through plunder and prisoners helped greatly and caused morale to be high and his opponents to be afraid. His ability to intimidate his enemies made him a great military man.
... Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, accomplished much in his lifetime. He added many new lands to his vast empire including Asia Minor, ... people and the Persians by ordering 80 of his important men to marry highborn Persian women (Cinderella). He himself married ... Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Sogdiana, and part of India. He ...
While all of this was happening King Phillip could not do much until all of his forces were amassed. His inability to move quick would hurt him. Phillips counsel was not as great as the men counseling Edward. When the English were leaving Airaines Phillip wanted to follow and could have trapped Edward and his men, But Phillip’s advisers counseled him to wait for his army giving Edward time to move his forces and gain tactical terrain advantaged. Edward was a man of his word and granted all of the things he promised those who helped him, English and French. As the battle of Crecy nears, Phillip is once again slow to strike. Instead of acting quickly he has a huge feast before he departs. His men are tired and the day is late when Phillip decides that he is ready for battle. The fact that Edward was able to Pick the spot of the battle and that He was able to have his men rested helped him greatly. Although Phillip Could have waited till the next day, his inability to command his troops proved disastrous. Before the battle Edward had a talent of raising morale amongst his troops. They all believed in his cause and did not want to fail him. As the battle started Phillip ordered the crossbowmen in, after marching 18 miles they did not feel up to the task but advanced slowly. Edward waited for them to get closer and let his archers devastate the Genoese. The Genoese began to retreat and Phillip showed no mercy to them and killed them all. Just another quality that made him a horrible leader
... of grace, and are now dead... ." (Edwards, 293). In addressing both man and children, Edwards describes man as being in a state of hopelessness ... sending them to hell... , to destroy any wicked man, at any moment... ." (Edwards, 293). Edwards shows a great respect for God's power ... and powerful God in relation to a simple and weak man. Edward's dialect was very mighty and yet handled with class ...
In the End Edward won the battle of Crecy because of his good counsel, his ability to be one with his troops and willingness to bribe Frenchmen for help. On the other side, Phillip did not have control of his army, nor did he use his strength in numbers wisely. The fact that he would kill his own men would show for the morale that he gave his troops. Put all of these together and it makes for a victory for the English.