Reason of Traditionalism to modernism
(show the aristocratic classical revival style -> compare )
After World War I , Mies began, while still designing traditional neoclassical homes, a parallel experimental effort. He joined his avant-garde peers in the long-running search for a new style that would be suitable for the modern industrial age.
The aristocratic classical revival styles were particularly reviled by many as the architectural symbol of a now-discredited and outmoded social system. Progressive thinkers called for a completely new architectural design process guided by rational problem-solving and an exterior expression of modern materials and structure rather than, what they considered, the superficial application of classical facades.
To be famous
Boldly abandoning ornament altogether, Mies made a dramatic modernist debut with his stunning competition proposal for the faceted all-glass Friedrichstraße skyscraper in 1921, followed by a taller curved version in 1922 named the Glass Skyscraper
He continued with a series of pioneering projects, culminating in his two European masterworks: the temporary German Pavilion for the Barcelona exposition (often called the Barcelona Pavilion) in 1929
He joined the avant-garde Bauhaus design school as their director of architecture, adopting and developing their functionalist application of simple geometric forms in the design of useful objects.
... of Classical design in his works to achieve simplicity and harmony. "The preeminent architect of the Mannerist style was ... is also similar to designs seen in American Neo-Classical buildings. The Neo-Classical Period evidenced Classical design elements that can be ... Pietro, Christopher Wren and Thomas Jefferson used these Classical design elements in their respective works. These highly regarded ...
Significance and meaning
Mies pursued an ambitious lifelong mission to create a new architectural language that could be used to represent the new era of technology and production.
He believed that the configuration and arrangement of every architectural element, particularly including the character of enclosed space, must contribute to a unified expression.
Yet his buildings are executed as objects of beauty and craftsmanship, and seem very direct and simple when viewed in person.
after world war I, he began studying the skyscraper and designed two innovative steel-framed towers encased in glass. one of them was the friedrichstrasse skyscraper, designed in 1921 for a competition. it was never built, although it drew critical praise and foreshadowed his skyscraper designs of the late 40s and 50s.
the german pavilion
this small hall, known as the barcelona pavilion (for which he also designed the famous chrome and leather ‘barcelona chair’), had a flat roof supported by columns. The pavilion’s internal walls, made of glass and marble, could be moved around as they did not support the structure. the concept of fluid space with a seamless flow between indoors and outdoors was further explored in other projects he designed for decades to come.
Other famous building: Farnsworth house
a small weekend retreat outside chicago, a transparent box framed by eight exterior steel columns.
Farnsworth house is one of the most radically minimalist houses ever designed.
less is more
minimalism design style
used “modern” materials–industrial steel and glass–to create the “bones” of interiors, while emphasizing open spaces and simplicity
The notion that simplicity and clarity lead to good design
his phrase goes against the ecclectic Victorian approach to design with its clutter and lack of style. Mies was referring to the use of less material, cleaner, sharper lines and gracfullness of high-quality materials to really be the show piece of design. Less crap=more reward, more beauty.
Born in London in 1969, leaving school at 16, Alexander McQueen stepped into the world of fashion. Creating and manipulating his unique designs with his talented skills, McQueen mastered 6 methods of pattern cutting from the 16 th century and tailoring skills which today have given his McQueen signature. Also dubbed 'enfant terrible' by the fashion press Receiving British Designer of the Year in ...
Skin and bone : His “skin and bones” philosophy of architecture is summed up in his famous phrase “less is more.
God is in the details:
Affect: God is in the Details London Design Festival at the V&A
The detail might be hidden; it may be in a combination of objects, an uncovered texture, or it may reveal or redefine a gallery view.
Classical Revival Style (Neoclassicism)
This style was inspired by the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago held in 1893 which promoted a renewed interest in the classical forms.
Relying on stylistic details of the earlier Greek Revival style, Classical Revival style buildings often have massive columns with classical Corinthian, Doric or Ionic capitals, topped by a front facing pediment.
Over variations of this style may feature a rounded front portico with columns and a balustraded flat roof, or a flat-roofed, full or partial front porch with columns. The arrangement of windows and doors is formal and symmetrical, with the front door often flanked by pilasters or side lights and capped with a flat entablature, broken pediment or rounded fanlight. The Classical Revival style is less ornate than the Beaux Arts style which was also popular in the 1885 to 1930 period and employs similar classical details.
BBC- Barcelona pavilion
The Piano Sonata in the Classical Period The piano sonata was an important part of music during the Classical period . It characterizes the Classical era's new trend of musical form. Originally, the sonata was made up of several dance movements, but then in the Classical era, it changed to a fast-slow movement style, each of the movements being composed in one of the forms popular during the ...
Pilotis – The replacement of supporting walls by a grid of reinforced concrete columns that bears the load of the structure is the basis of the new aesthetic.
Roof gardens – The flat roof can be utilized for a domestic purpose while also providing essential protection to the concrete roof.
The free designing of the ground plan – The absence of supporting walls means that the house is unrestrained in its internal usage.
The free design of façade – By separating the exterior of the building from its structural function the façade becomes free.
The horizontal window – The façade can be cut along its entire length to allow rooms to be lit equally.
Free trade can be defined as the situation whereby governments impose no artificial barriers to trade that restrict the free exchange of goods and services between countries with the aim of protecting domestic producers from foreign competitors. The argument for free trade is based on the economic concept of comparative advantage. Comparative advantage is the economic principle that nations should ...