Orwell, George. Animal Farm .New York: Penguin Books Ltd, 2000.
In this 128-page book, animals , kept the under tyranny of Mr. Jones , become inspired and motivated by the pig , Major, who tells them that he dreamed of a human free Utopia in which all the animals could live in . So the animals eventually revolted and took command of the farm, for equality. Slowly equality amongst the animals began to disappear as the intellectual pigs began enforcing laws until eventually the pigs were no different than the humans that they had fought off.
From Totalitarianism to Socialism to Communism
In many countries Socialism rises from capitalism, as Karl Marx says. In most cases countries that do so are well off. But In other countries, for example Russia, Socialism, a system in which government regulates and control the economic production, can come to exist by rising against a tyrannical leader. In this case those advocating for socialism are following a leader who promises a better future where all are equal. Unless the majority of the population is intelligent than the leader can use deception to slowly make changes in the government eventually ,in addition to economic control, have autonomous control over politics.
There was agreement between the two different forms of Socialism in that they both held the same basic beliefs that the government should run all parts of society and that no one group was any more special than another. That is, one person should not be favored over another. Socialists though that everyone was equal, and that is where the communist name of comrade came from instead of using titles ...
Animal Farm begins with Major expressing his dream of a Utopia in which all the animals can live in equality away from humans, the tyrants of the story. This idea at first seems extreme but finally the animals, the majority of them naïve and unsophisticated, are swayed to revolt as the intellectual pigs invoke a Utopian like life where the animals will be better off. Eminent among the pigs are the two leaders, Napoleon and Snowball. One night, the animals, having enough, eventually revolt when Mr. Jones decides to whip them for trying to take food. Now Totalitarianism has been brought down by the unsophisticated animals and intelligent pigs.
Now free of the tyrants, Animal farm is under Socialism. This in the beginning isn’t all that bad. Snowball, the less controlling of the two leaders, decides that certain rules should be in place and comes up with the 7 Commandments which don’t seem that bad and the animals readily agree. During this period of socialism there exists conflict between Napoleon and Snowball on every little thing, just as conflict arose between two future potential leaders in Russia, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Most of the time Snowballs, wins, but at times Napoleon wins in a more mischiefs manner. Snowball focusing on how to improve the animal’s well-being comes up with ideas such as schools for animals that want to learn, the construction of a windmill that will decrease the amount of work the animals will have to put in, and many other reforms. Napoleon on the other hand has no ideas and only refutes Snowballs Ideas. The one fishy thing Napoleon does is takes the pups of the farms dogs to secretly teach in an isolated area.
The other animals at the time were living in prosperity, which is usually the case in the early developments of socialism. Under the Influence of the intelligent pigs, the animals of the farm live agreeing to all their changes.
One day a meeting is held and the agenda of the day is whether or not the animals wanted to build a windmill, which Napoleon was strongly against, and note that at this time the animas actually were able to vote on matters. At the conclusion of the meeting most of the animals agreed with Snowball, but all that did not matter because at that moment Napoleon in an ambiguous signal ordered the pups, which he had trained himself, to come in the meeting and they chased Snowball out and he was never seen again. Now the Snowball was out and Napoleon remained the only ruler, now he had complete control to make and enforce any law he wanted. But he did not make changes rapidly. With the aid of Squealer, who always spoke propaganda, Napoleon slowly reduced rations, increased the amount of work they had to do, and secretly altered the commandments to favor the pigs. Napoleon, deceiving the animals by making arguments that the naïve animals thought to be valid, took total control of the farm.
... oust Mr.Jones and rename the farm as "Animal Farm'. They inscribe their laws, seven commandments, on the barn-wall. Napoleon and Snowball vie with each other ... all their problems; but over time, the animals become very human and do themselves in.The animals believe the pigs to be the best leaders, ...
The naïve animals remained naïve even after the friendliest hard working animal, Boxer who was injured at the time, mysteriously died at the “hospital”, when in fact he was shipped to be sold. At the end all the commandments had to change to favor the pigs and they had total control. The pigs began to walk upright, drink liquor sleep in the beds and drink liquor, which where all prohibited in their original commandments. They became what the animals had fought to be free from early in the story.
I would recommend this book if you enjoy reading novels of satire. The book is both funny, and sad. If you liked this book then you will also love George Orwell’s Brave New World.