Labour and Employment
DOLE or the Department of Labour and Employment was at first a small agency that commenced in 1908. On December 8, 1933, the agency developed into a department. DOLE is now considered as the general government office authorized in creating and employing procedures and programs. It also serves as the policy-advisory division of the Executive Branch in the field of labour and employment. DOLE is composed of the Office of the Secretary, with seven bureaus, six services, sixteen regional offices, twelve attached agencies and thirty-eight overseas offices with a complete manpower complement of 9,806. Ranking in the 14th position out of 21 departments, it functions on a budget of Php 6.618 Billion. With the vision and mission of developing the capabilities and competitiveness of Filipino workers, DOLE is consented to convey employment facilitation services for full and upright employment. It is also mandated to encourage industrialized amity based on social justice.
The Labour Governance Framework of DOLE is divided into two, the National goals and the Department goals. The National goals are consist of inclusive growth, poverty reduction, and job creation which are PNOY’s Social Contract. The Department goals are made up of human resources competitiveness, enterprise productivity, social protection and industrial peace through social partnership which are the 22 – Point Labour and Employment Agenda. The National goals intend to offer social protection which will provide poor families better income opportunities, good education, and good health. It also mean to give poor communities access to information and infrastructure that will create jobs, convey social services, and widen knowledge that will facilitate them to improve the quality of their lives. While the Department goals aspire to steadily move from national government regulation to industry self-regulation, and to generate a labour market policy that is reciprocally favourable for the promotion and protection of the rights of workers and for the competitiveness of the enterprises.
... to secure decent employment and income. Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for allStrengthen tripartism and social dialogueThe International Labour Organization (ILO ... decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues. In promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labour ...
Apparently, one of the most complicated problems here in the Philippines deals with employment. Because of the fact that people cannot get the jobs they want and because of the low income the workers receive, poverty exists and still increases. These labour problems are all connected by political, economic, and even cultural factors, and a way to solve or even lessen these problems is to have an inclusive examination regarding these predicaments.
According to DOLE, one of the frequent problems faced by workers at their workplace is low wages. Since 1889, employers are dealing with this problem making them to arrange the first labour union to stress the right of workers to a just living salary. Later than a century, this labour union seems ignored. In comparing our country to other nations like the United States, we are far behind in terms of wage rate. It is factual that the wage rate of our country compared to other is four times more and even ten times more that according to a survey the Union Bank of Switzerland conducted, the Filipino workers’ wage rate is second to the lowest in the world. Another common problem dealt with the Filipino workers is the poor working conditions. In order for a Filipino not to be a burden for his family and to earn his own money, he is required to work even without sufficient physical facilities and occupational safety measures. People who work particularly in unsafe chemicals, irrational work timetable, unfair payment, insufficient leave assistances, limited prospect for individual and proficient development, and unstable labour status have long been robbed the workers’ right to life and obligation to work.
... due to this point that might cause problems after the country has been accepted into the Union. The final disadvantage is the obvious ... conditions of life. However, this creates a surplus of labour in that country and therefore could have an effect on the employment ... and Eastern European Countries generally have much cheaper forms of labour. When the EU opens up the market, these workers will be free ...
One more problem of workers is inhumane treatment. Oftentimes, workers are look down by their employers as plain material apparatuses in hoarding investments who experience repressive practices such as failure to implement salaries and payments as arranged by law, sexual harassments, physical abuses, illegal dismissals, and other problems stemming from poor working conditions. Next problem is the absence of job security. This includes the introduction of mechanization that replaced workers because of the speed and accuracy in production this automation brings. Another crisis is underemployment wherein workers take jobs that neither exploit nor develop their skills and academic training. This is one of the prevailing dilemmas mostly of college degree holders because of the fact that they are just reserved for janitors, clerks, messengers, drivers, even domestic helpers. A further problem is the unorganized labour force. The labour force is still a minority and as an effect, the trade union remains weak. The last common problem the Filipino workers faced is discrimination. This comprises with prejudice with respect to age, beliefs, sex, and race which subsist in the areas of hiring, compensation, and promotion. In terms of age, many employers have a preference for workers who are not too young and not too old even though the Labour Code labels the legal age brackets for employment. Sex is still a discerning factor. Many companies prefer men than women which removes equal opportunities for career improvement.
These problems surfaced in society which can be outlined to historical, moral, and structural cores. The arrival of Spaniards, who introduced to the Filipinos the mode of feudalism and aristocracy, the Japanese, who devastated the Philippines after the war, and the Americans, who assert to have liberated the Philippines, confirmed to be all detrimental to the Filipinos because what their foremost aim is to make use of the profuse and economical raw materials of the country. This colonization also left confusion to the Filipinos whose notion of nationalism is connected to the caprices of foreign countries. These notions lift up foreign products as finer to locally made ones that mirror the distorted values of Filipinos.
... punishments. This 300 year colonization of the Philippines left the Filipinos with a wrong set of values and ... country. This division has denied the Filipinos of their capability to establish growth in every aspect: economic, spiritual, moral, and most importantly social ... recurring disasters and tragedies which bombarded the Philippines and the Filipinos. Some sign of vindication from these tragedies ...
In order for workers to face these problems, it is necessary for a collective change to be carried out through the joint effort of a united labour movement. This is to re-establish the people along lines that are open to the people’s standards of human dignity, freedom and justice. For this reason, DOLE encourage the workers to put up and sustain organizations that truly reflects the interests of the Filipinos, to arrange these organizations into bigger associations in order to comprise a strong and valid social movement, and to lead this movement in reforming the society into a sovereign nation.
A quandary concerning labour and employment here in the Philippines is the social protection of the workers in case of unemployment. According to Weber, social security is generally recognized as a basic human right and a means to foster social cohesion, human dignity and social justice (Weber).
A social security should comprise assistance such as medical care, sickness benefit, unemployment benefit, old-age benefit, employment injury benefit, family benefit, maternity benefit, invalidity benefit and survivors’ benefit, which at the moment, these benefits are not all part of the social security programs in the Philippines. At present, there is the Philippine Social Security System (SSS) that offers protection in case of illness, old age, accident and even gives social assistance in case of poverty. However, there is barely any official social protection for the unemployed. Because of that, a proposal was made to initiate an unemployment insurance financed by contributions from employers and employees in equal shares providing a basic protection in case of unemployment. Moreover, the plan may possibly offer unemployed workers with training opportunities and assist them to find new jobs. The main goal is to take in all the employees in the Philippines. With the scheme, it is supposed that unemployment insurance in the Philippines is possible and the combining of possible changes in the labour law could help in making the labour market more protected for workers and more competent to deal with changes in production and productivity demands and with global struggle.
... slippery slope when we allow the Court to decide social order and social benefit - it is not their role in a Parliamentary ... of the thesis is particularly troubling - who decides social benefit? The Court? Determining a social good should be left as a task for ... harm or set back a particular social benefit? Speech that provides no benefit or a neutral benefit is different than speech that actually ...
Nowadays, the Department of Labour and Employment is facing several predicaments which are all difficult to resolve. Aside from the common problems presented above, DOLE is also having difficulties concerning workers working abroad. OFW or Overseas Filipino Worker is one of the issues which the government prioritize because of the many factors involved. An issue regarding the OFWs is the previous occurrence in Syria wherein the crisis alert level in the place was raised to alert level two. This encourages Filipinos to voluntarily relocate or leave at their own cost if they have no pressing need to remain. It also requires constraint of movement in Syria, and avoiding large crowds and areas of protest. In alert level 2, only returning workers would be allowed to leave Syria. Labour officials have said that a rescue effort in Syria could prove to be harder because many of the Filipinos in Syria are household workers and not professionals.
This is just one of the many countries Filipino workers choose to set off and work in to earn money. For the reason that finding job here in the Philippines is really difficult, even fresh graduates seek jobs outside the country albeit they know the risks they need to face. A case is what happened in Libya wherein turmoil occurred and because of that, Filipinos working there were put to threat. A problem with this kind of event is the consequence it will cause between the relationships of the Philippines to other countries. The Philippines pull-out the OFWs to countries experiencing chaos and because of that, the country’s affiliation to other nations becomes weak. It may send a negative message to the countries where the OFWs work that they are just there whenever the country is prosperous. Pulling-out the OFWs is reasonable in a sense that it is a way of guaranteeing their safety however; there is a possibility that it can weaken our connection to other countries.
One more crisis the OFWs are dealing with right now is the recent incident relating to drug mules. Reports have been discussed that because of the disturbing cases of OFWs who are being put to jail in other countries due to drugs, DOLE implemented the Philippines Overseas Administration Office or the POEA to reinforce its information movement for Filipino workers about drugs. Lately, as a penalty for carrying prohibited drugs three Filipino workers were sentenced to death in China. Labour Secretary Rosalinda Baldoz also ordered the POEA to strengthen its campaign against illegal recruitment and human trafficking.
... overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) who are repatriated from conflict- torn Syria still prefer to work abroad than to stay in the Philippines. ... Philippine government considers Overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) as a new breed of economic investors in the country because of millions of ... impacts the foreign policy of the host country toward their countries of origin. US lawmakers develop policies toward ...