The struggle of equality through the achievement of having full civil rights has always been the road of minorities and other non-Anglo races in America. Being accepted by the nation’s people is always a challenge for people coming to a new nation seeking citizenship. Some come by choice, others were forced to come, while yet others were lured to America by the illusion of all the riches to be made by just being ambitious, but as non-Anglos in America looked for equality none would help. The non-Anglo groups would have to first unite and then find white elites that would support them in the quest for civil rights in America. Two groups standout as struggle for civil rights in America, first the blacks (and other non-Anglo races) and women.
The black struggle needs some background first. 1619 slaves from black Africa were brought to America to be servants, farm hands and help maids. Then US history and black liberation history collide, 1865 the 13th amendment abolishing slavery is made official. This ended slavery but this did not mean that blacks had to be treated civil by any means. But in 1867 the 14th amendment equal right for all men did little to help the cause of gaining civil rights for the blacks. In 1875 the civil rights act was passed but again with little impact on how everyday life was “equal”. At this time in the South segregation was enacted by law, segregation was applied in education, housing, employment, public and private accommodations. When challenged and taken to the Supreme Court the Supreme Court upheld segregation and said it was “a valid exercise of the legislative power”.
Blacks History in Education Struggle Today's black professional is sometimes an invisible man. But, as the employment market becomes more and more competitive, it is knowledge and not race that will determine ones success or failure in life. Nevertheless, it is suggested that many black professionals are not anxious to stand out: "I had no idea that we were poor" growing up, says E. Brown, a ...
The black movement for civil rights really has two parts the first above the legislative power making laws but with these laws they were separate but not equal. The second part is the large black proactive population of the US. The blacks would now use the law to try and fight for civil rights. This is when the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) came to the forefront of the fight for civil rights; it was founded as a legal organization in the US and was one of the first real legal tools the black masses supported and would become members of. The NAACP was conservative in their techniques in contrast to other black civil rights activists groups (Black Panthers).
NAACPs long years of work came to large payoff (1954) Brown V. Board of Education Topeka, Kansas. The Court overturned the earlier Plessy V. Ferguson decision thus making “separate but equal” an outdated American doctrine. But of course to every groundbreaking Court ruling there are always those who don’t care to uphold it. Well it was more than a few it was mass resistance to the desegregation. Even in 1964 only 2% of all blacks attending school were attending integrated schools. This is when the President stepped in, Little Rock and President Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne to watch over the integration of schools. This again took place under JFK with the University of Mississippi he to used the military presence to integrate the university. From there other figures like MLK and Rosa Parks would emerge and push the movement for black civil liberties.