Canada after WW2
Political Changes in Canada:
Uncle Louis Government: After Mackenzie King resigned as the liberal prime minister in 1948 Louis St.Laurent was Kings Successor. He ran a very businesslike government he managed to boost the Canadian economy by increasing investment spending and spending during slow periods and controlling government spending when the economy was doing well. Uncle Louis was able to bring Newfoundland into confederation in 1949. He also created the St.Lawrence seaway which was huge for Canada’s imports and exports. Unemployment levels stayed low during Louis time as P.M.
Diefenbaker: in 1957 the Conservative party won a minority government over the liberals. Dief cut taxed for Canadians in 1 year as P.M. He helps farmers in the west, raised seniors pensions by $15. In 1958 Dief’s excellent public speaking won him the largest majority government in Canadian history. In 1960 he passed the Bill of Rights. He promoted the north by building roads. He helped western farmers sell large amounts of wheat to China and the Soviet Union. He scrapped the Avro Aero project, and did not allow warheads into Canada.
Demographic Changes in Canada:
Post-War Immigration: Large amounts immigrants escaped their home countries because of difficult political and economic conditions. As the Canadian economy began to grow and prosper, more skilled people were needed. There were three required elements to immigrate to Canada; good health, moral character, and marketable skills. In 30 years 4.7 million immigrants were now citizens of Canada.
Did you ever stop and wonder how much we take the place we live for granted? If you were to take the time, you would discover how diverse are Canada's history, geography, climate, economy, cultures and government. Did you know it is the largest country in the world now that U. S. S. R broke up. Specifically, Canada is 9, 922, 330 square km. Did you know that Canada used to be named 'Kanata'? Yes, ...
War Brides: War Brides married a ton of Canadian soldiers overseas during the war. These European women came from; Holland, Belgium, Britain, and France. Some of these War Brides could not handle the harsh Canadian winters, the isolation from their families back home, or the very different life and a small percentile moved back home most of the Brides stayed.
Baby Boom: The post-war Canada population was feeling mixed feelings. There was the fear of the Cold War but there was also love in the air with all of the soldiers returning to their wives back in Canada. Some men brought their war brides and newly born children with them. This group of kids were extremely influential and were known as the baby boomers.
Economic Changes in Canada:
The Consumer Society: By the mid-1950’s economic confidence was at a high. After the war the industry quickly adapted manufacturing technologies to produce large quantities of consumer goods. Manufacturers were eager to hire more workers to increase production and keep. As more workers found steady jobs confidence increased and so did consumer spending. This helped sustain economic growth.
Television Comes To Canada: Many baby boomers grew up glued to the T.V. The television proved to be a powerful cultural force driving the transition to a consumer society. During these years most shows were broadcasted live. There was no opportunity to correct mistakes. It also changed the view on politics some politicians were not as skilled on live TV when others excelled tremendously.
Trans Canada Highway:
Social Changes in Canada:
Development of the Suburbs: Huge subdivisions were being created around schools, hospitals, and libraries. Most families preferred to live in quiet subdivisions so by 1954 a quarter million families moved to suburban communities. With these communities it avoided families from having to drive and spend money on cars and gas.
Teenagers: As the baby boomers grew up they became rebellious teenagers. They were a very rebellious group that pioneered rock and roll. They rebelled against fashion by bringing in many different styles and new types of clothing. They also rebelled against the typical styles of dance boundaries were crossed and parents were not happy. Music was very important to these young teens as it still is today. The pioneer rock and roll artists were Paul Anka and Elvis Presley. This music helped inspire teens and also other artists exploring new genres of music.
The Japanese Internment Throughout history, Canada has relatively been a supporter of multiculturalism. In the past Canada has had very few racial conflict, although there has been one incident which has had quite a controversial effect about human rights violations and discrimination. This thorn in Canada's side is the Japanese Internment which took place during the second world war. The Japanese ...
The Duplessis Era: He brought Quebec into a defensive state from the Anglican superiority. He promoted the traditional values that the Quebecers had. He had a very strong opinion on everything especially the government and his fellow francophone’s. He was not the most successful premier unemployment was at a high in Quebec and the ultra-conservative education plan was not very popular with the teens.
Canadian- American Relations:
NORAD: North American Air Defense. With the development of long range missiles Canada and the US decided to create NORAD together to be able to help watch out for each other. Canada allowed the States to build several defense installations in the Northwest Territories to create a distant early warning line.
Canada and the World:
The Formation of NATO: With the Soviets spreading its Communist ideology Canada and the States became worried about national security. Several west European countries also had the same concerns so NATO was created, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. All of the countries that signed in to the organization promised to defend each other if they were ever to be attacked.
Canada in the Korean War: When the Korean War broke out Canada was forced to help out our neighbors to the south. Canadian troops were forced to stay in Korea to help keep the peace until 1955.
The Suez Crisis and the beginning of the UN peacekeeping: With the Middle East threatening world peace Lester B Pearson had to help solve the issue. The NORAD allies felt ashamed that Britain there allies was supporting the Soviets unnecessary actions. Lester’s quick thinking saved the world from a huge crisis and he was awarded a Nobel peace prize because of this event.
Political Changes in Canada:
The Years of Minority: By 1962 the conservative party lead by John Diefenbaker was losing popular support. He was not lowering the unemployment rate anymore he cancelled the Avro Aero which put 40,000 Canadians out of a job ever people here in Georgetown. However when Lester defeated John his lack of public speaking skills only got him a minority government so he relied on his diplomatic skills to stay in power.
Canadian cannabis: Marijuana as an irritant/problem in Canada-US relations” Paul Gecelovsky describes the issues of marijuana cultivation and trafficking in Canada and the US and makes comparisons concerning the regulations that govern marijuana usage between the two countries. His purpose is to bring awareness to people the issues and consequences associated with marijuana cultivation ownership. ...
The Birth of the NDP and Tommy Douglas: After WWII the CCF had a lot of trouble attracting new young voters. Finally the CCF was scraped and the NDP or New Democratic Party was formed as an alliance of labour, unionists, farmers, intellectuals, and former CCF members. Primer Tommy Douglas led as the NDP’s leader. Tommy led the labour party to social reform in Canada, leading the call with women’s rights, workers rights, and social welfare.
Trudeau Arrives: All of the baby boomers began to come of age to vote and were bored by all of the old fashion senior politicians. These young adults wanted someone young lively and had great ideas to be able to transform the country and the people. Pierre Elliot Trudeau brought a lot of the baby boomer styles into politics he would were ridiculous clothing to the House of Commons when everyone there was fully dressed up in suits and ties. He was a very active man he constantly traveled around the world visiting other countries and always collecting information on how to run an election. He served as a long time politician in Quebec under the Duplessis regime.
The Development of Canadian Identity:
The New Flag: The original flag of Canada was made when confederation happened and it was just a different version of the British Union Jack. No one had enough guts to make a flag that was independent to Canada. Lester B Pearson decided to have a contest to create a new Canadian flag thousands of drawings were sent in but ultimately one was chosen. There was a great debate with the idea of an independent flag, John Diefenbaker strongly resented the idea of a new flag and called out Mr. Pearson on it a numerous amount of times.
The National Anthem:
Canada Turns 100! In 1967 Canada turned 100 the evening before the centennial flame was light on parliament hill by Prime Minister Pearson. Communities all across the country had worked on centennial projects for the past three years and the massive parade showcased all of their work. Queen Elizabeth came to cut the biggest birthday cake ever made in Canada.
When people look back and remember the First World War, they often remember the assassination of Franz-Ferdinand, the sinking of the Lusitania, or the Zimmerman telegram. Not often do they recall the role that Canada played in the war. However, Canadians were a significant factor of the Allies’ success. Although Canada only possessed two Navy warships at the time and was known for being a peaceful ...
Expo 67: a co-production of English and French Canada, it was one of the most successful world’s fairs in history, it was also to celebrate Canada’s b-day. 62 exhibiting nations participated in EXPO 67. More than 50 million visitors came to Montreal to admire the awesome exhibits and shows. The theme of the EXPO was “Man and His World”.
Economic and Social Changes:
The New Moral Values:
Pacifists: People that express their opposition to war and violence by refusing to take up arms and by lobbying for disarmament.
Hippies: A youth group from the 60’s that rejected many of the customs and beliefs of conventional modern society and believes in simplicity and freedom.
Charles de Gaulle: The President of France came to Quebec to visit during Expo 67. He made a short speech in Montreal that would start a uproar in the entire nation. He made a comment like Long Live Free Quebec which gave the separatists even more fuel to their fire. He was not allowed to return to Canada and he refused to take back his statement Canada’s relations with France were strained for several years later.
Canada and the World:
Canada as a “Middle Power”: Communist Russia and Communist Cuba worked together to potentially help bomb the US even though it never happened. Russia stored a whole bunch of missiles in Cubs for a quick and fast attack that the States would not expect at all. When the US found this out they immediately built defense walls around the border of the states able to pick up and destroy a bomb coming into the states. Canadian government suggested that instead of a blockade they have all sites inspected by independent experts.
“TrudeauMania”: His enthusiasm, good looks, and charisma, made him a very exciting and a very memorable man as well. His reputation as a world traveler, an elite athlete and a intellectual human being made all of the baby boomers fall in love with Mr.Trudeau. His antics made him a very likable and a very memorable man no other politician did what he did he was not a by the book kind of guy and that’s what appealed to all of the people especially the baby boomers which were the large majority of the vote. Most of the people voted for the man not the party platform.
In the novel Lady Chatterley's Lover, by D. H. Lawrence, the author took a different view of the relationship between the two sexes than was generally discussed before in novels. The themes, descriptions and words he used were highly controversial at the time it was written, causing its first publications to be in Italy in 1928 even though the author was English. It was not published until the ...