History of Malacca
No one was able to pin-point the year Malacca was found until now. Going by the Stare government’s celebration of the 600th anniversary of the founding in August 1990, it could be that Malacca should be founded in 1390. However, some historians had placed the founding at between 1376 and 1400.
There is a Sumatran prince named Parameswara, who was credited with the founding of the city. There were a lot of different stories of what really happened, a popular account puts the Prince as out hunting one day and while resting under a tree, one of his dogs cornered a mouse-deer or as the Malaysian’s call it, a ‘pelandok’. The mouse-deer, in its defence, attacked the dog and even forced it into the water. The Prince was sold by the courage of the mouse-deer that he decided to build a city right on the spot and believed that the people where would surely have the courage like the mouse-deer. Thus, Melaka or Malacca was born.
Many said that the Prince choose this name from the tree that he was under, the ‘Melaka’ tree. As time passed, Melaka grew bigger & bigger and become more prosperous. Parameswara was actually the first Malay prince to become a Muslim.
The Prince who was also known as Iskandar Shah died in 1424. During his rule, Melaka was making very good progress as it turned into an international trading post, luring over the Javanese, Indian, Arab and Chinese sea-merchants. Under Sultan Mansur Shah (1456-1477), Melaka’s dame and wealth also caught the attention of the expansionist Europeans with the Portuguese becoming the first to arrive and eventually going to conquer the land. They were led by Alfonso d’Albuquerque.
The Little Prince or Le Petit Prince was inspired by the author Antoine de Saint Exupery’s real life experience and just added fictionalized images to make it real and understandable. It became the marvelous book written for children. Sold over 140,000,000 copies worldwide into more than 250 languages and has been one of the best-selling books published ever. According to Paris-based Saint-Exupery ...
After they conquered the lands, the Portuguese built the fort names A Famosa to defend Malacca. Then, the Dutch came to take over Malacca from the Portuguese from 1641 – 1824, which was also the longest time being under foreign control. The Dutch ruled for almost 183 years with intermittent British occupation during the Napoleonic Wars. The Dutch also continued to use Batavia, now Jakarta, as their Headquarters.