What happened on the day of Lincoln’s assassination? What events led to it? Lincoln’s death was one that struck a direct blow to the nation and left it distraught. In the exploration of Lincoln’s assassination, we uncover the true reality and pain of his death.
John Wilkes Booth was born on May 10, 1838 and grew up in Bel Air Maryland. He was an actor and a very strong supporter of the South during the Civil War. He disagreed with abolition of slavery and Lincoln’s plan for voting rights. He and a group of co-conspirators planned on killing Lincoln in an attempt to level the playing field. Even though Robert E. Lee surrendered, he believed that the war was not over. (Wikipedia)
The day before, Booth went to the parlor in town to get a haircut. He and the barber talked about the daily movement of slave rights. After that Booth took a trip to the Ford Theatre. He talked with Edward Spangler, a stage hand, who informed Booth that Lincoln was going to be at the theatre seeing the play “Our American Cousin”. Booth quickly met with his co-conspirators and planned the attack. They planned to kill Lincoln, Vice President Andrew Johnson, and Secretary of State William Seward in a bid to help the Confederacy’s cause. (Wikipedia)
Booth went to the empty theatre to prepare himself. He planned everything down to the hole in the door to the seats President Lincoln’s and his family would be sitting. Lincoln arrived shortly after and sat down watching the play. Booth waited for the precise moment to step out and shoot Abraham Lincoln. At around 10 p.m., as the play progressed; John Wilkes Booth slipped into Lincoln’s box and shot him in the back of the head with a .44 caliber. The shot rang out and Booth jumped from the box, breaking his leg. He limped across the stage yelling “Sic Semper tyrannis”, which translated: Thus always to tyrants, the motto of Virginia. He ran outside to his horse and rode to a place to where they were supposed to meet. Of the conspirators, only Booth was completely successful in carrying out his part of the plot. Seward was wounded but recovered; Lincoln died the next morning. (Encyclopedia & Wikipedia)
... Booth's plot to kidnap Lincoln failed. Booth's plans changed from kidnapping to assassinating, and on the morning of Friday, April 14, Booth dropped by Ford's Theatre ... setbacks, generals who weren't ready to fight, assassination threats, etc. , Lincoln stuck with this pro-Union policy for 4 ... 17, 1865, the group planned to capture Lincoln who was scheduled to attend a play at a hospital located ...
Booth rode into Maryland to a doctor, Samuel A. Mudd who set his broken leg. Lincoln was taken to a doctor’s place across the street. They, his family and the doctors, stayed with Lincoln and tried to help him recover but Lincoln could fight no more and died on 7:22 AM April 15, 1865.
The co-conspirators were all captured while Booth was still on the run. The commission sentenced the conspirators, George Atzerdt, David E. Herold, Lewis Paine, and Mrs. Marry E. Surratt to death. They were hung on July 7, 1865. Samuel Arnold and Michael O’Laughlin were accused of helping Booth plan the crimes. Samuel A. Mudd was charged with aiding the plot after setting Booths broken leg. Arnold, O’Laughlin, and Mudd received life sentences. Edward Spangler, the stage hand, received a 6 year sentence. Booth was surrounded and then shot himself in a desperate attempt to avoid capture.
Lincoln’s death altered the course of American history in the aftermath of the Civil War. However Reconstruction continued, slavery was abolished, and rights were given to former slaves. Booths intentions were to stir war efforts in the South again but instead abolition of slaves and the guarantee of their rights. Lincoln’s death backfired on Booth, resulting in his own death. Lincoln was one of the greatest leaders of America and will be remembered for many generations.