New study area: Psychology
This term, I have been working extremely hard on only one thing—changing my major form management science to psychology, which finally come true. Several days after I got the good news, I had been doubting whether it was true or not. During the past five years, I always had a fantastic dream of studying psychology as my major; however, unfortunately I failed in the College Entrance Examination and came to another school and another major—management school, management science, which made me very sad. However I never give up my dream, so I decided to change my major if I have a chance. That’s what I am today.
So I want to introduce psychology to you.
Psychology is a young and growing science that touches on a broad range of human activities. In general, however, one can say that psychology tries to explain why people act, think, and feel the way they do. Psychologists are interested not only in how individual minds work but also in the various interactions of minds in society. It should be noticed that psychology provides methods of analyzing and understanding human behavior and emotions that are not based on moral codes.
It is important not to confuse psychology with psychiatry which is a branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of serious mental disorders. Psychiatrists, who work in hospitals, use a variety of methods including drugs, light therapy and electric shock treatments to cure or to control mentally disturbed people. However, the work of both psychiatrists and psychologists often involves an analytical process which interprets the unconscious or subconscious forces that prevent a person from functioning satisfactorily in daily life. By analyzing these forces and making the person aware of them, it is often possible to help the person deal with his or her mental and emotional problems.
This course discusses the issues and controversies surrounding the meaning and categorization of psychological abnormality. We will also describe the major symptoms, hypothesized or suggested causes, and accepted treatments for major categories of mental disorder as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, version IV-TR, always keeping in ...
The whole field of psychoanalysis originated with the research of the Austrian doctor, Sigmund Freud (1856—1939).
According to his theories, people are driven by irrational forces or primitive instincts . Freud believed that the inner struggle between instincts and conscience often led to disaster which was manifested in the form of personal tragedies such as murder and suicide or collective tragedies such as war. He advocated the use of psychoanalysis to help people control irrational forces. Much of Freud’s work was based on his interpretation of dreams and sexual instincts.
The Swiss doctor, Carl Gustav Jung (1875—1961), is considered to be the other founder of the modern science of psychology. He proposed a theory of the collective unconscious (the part of the mind which holds the deepest and most hidden thoughts and feelings) of humanity that was not based on sexuality, but rather on universal symbols and images which he called “archetypes ”. According to Jung, the mental and emotional experiences of all human beings are influenced by universal archetypes. These archetypes include various representations of the dark, inferior and uncivilized side of human beings. Jung used his theory not only to analyze dreams but also myths and folktales from many different cultures.
The whole field of psychology has evolved and expanded considerably since the early part of the twentieth century. There are now many branches of psychology and it is no longer limited to clinical work and the analysis of dreams. Over the years, qualitative and quantitative experiments on animals and humans have provided a vast amount of information on social behavior, mental development, Men and women with training in psychology now work in many different careers ranging from therapists to advertising agents. The findings of psychological research are used to help the victims of family violence, to design aptitude tests , to carry out efficiency studies in the workplace, to develop educational strategies, to conduct political campaigns, and to predict consumer spending. In fact, there is hardly any aspect of modern society that has not been influenced in some way by research in the field of psychology.
A Summary of: The Psychosocial Characteristics of Olympic Track and Field Athletes Fortunately, it was quite a simple task to find a research topic related to the material that we have covered so far in sport psychology. After some quick searching, we ran across a rather interesting article written in the International Journal of Sport Psychology that could obviously be useful. Conveniently, it ...