Radicalism is Rad
A wise person once said that 90% of doing good history was to ask the right questions and the other 10% percent was serendipity. The questions asked are almost always shaped by the tide of times, so if those are both correct, it’s easy to say that everything we do and how we influence our generation influences how questions are asked and how the history of a generation is written. The common people just go about their lives shaping history, whether they know it or not. The common people have the power. The aforementioned wise person was Alfred F. Youngand he was influenced by the 50’s, the 60’s, and the 70’s, three unique times full of all sorts of turmoil and people coming together for a cause, making history, and shaping the questions of the future. The one “common” person Young decided to research was anything but common. George Robert Twelve Hewes Altered History, whether he knew it or not. He showed a group of kids that the way we learn is based mostly on what gets remembered and how it gets remembered. George Robert Twelve Hewes had a bad memory. Young probably hated him for it, too, but it was a love/hate relationship. Most of Young’s sources were Hewes’ memoirs written in the 1830’s and every Historian hates a memoir. Since he certainly couldn’t interview Hewes as he was long dead, Young had his job cut out for him. Poor Young must have been kicking himself.
Discussion Questions 1. Why did Cato object to repealing the Oppian law? What was the basis of his objections? Cato objected to repealing the oppian law because he thought that if women started to become equals with men, they would start to become their superiors. Cato referred to their ancestors and how they “permitted no woman to conduct even personal business without a guardian to intervene in ...
In his Introduction, Young poses the question, “How does an ordinary person win a place in History?” and tells about some of the people that pulled the strings of the American Revolution behind the scenes. People like Ebenezer McIntosh didn’t have such recognizable roles in history because posterity shoves people aside. Professional energy and financial support are put into publishing the founding father’s papers but almost no one pays attention to the little people. They left out all of the radicalism—the Urban “mobs”, agrarian rebellions, slave resistance, and the awakenings of religious enthusiasts.
What Young is trying to say when he talks about posterity shoving people aside is that the younger generations such as ours push aside the people that helped make the American Revolution since they aren’t mentioned in textbooks or have a town named after them. So much time and energy is spent annually to recover and retouch the documents of the Founding Fathers but old papers that contained secrets plans having to do with the revolution that were written by farmers and the unfamous who were just as involved with the Revolution.
He brings up that Rosa Parks and the SNCC were inspiration to Rev. King who changed the way Americans thought, so who was Sam Adams’ Rosa Parks? He chose to study the common people and mechanics because they were even more radical than the radicals themselves. The only problem was that the radicals that history remembers were only the articulate ones that could write down everything that they did. They were also scared to talk during town meetings since they were inarticulate and they were embarrassed. This is also why they never wrote pamphlets or spoke up, like the educated and more remembered revolutionaries.
In this, Young says that other people that did awesome things but never really get credited with doing awesome things if they even get credited with doing anything at all inspired all of the great revolutionaries. I also admire that he chose to study the people who worked behind the scenes of the revolution and helped it along but never got any credit. It’s like he’s avenging them. I think that it’s important to know that a lot of the people that were at town meeting and had interesting things to say didn’t say things. If Society hadn’t been so biased and pro rich white educated males, then maybe the meetings would’ve been more varied and we would actually have a lot more accounts of what it was like for, say, farmers in the American Revolution. They would’ve also been able to get their points across in meetings.
This is a fight between a slave world and a free world. Just as the United States in 1862 could not remain half slave and half free, so in 1942 the world must make its decision for a complete victory one way or the other. As we begin the final stages of this fight to the death between the free world and the slave world, it is worth while to refresh our minds about the march of freedom for the ...
Young began to study Hewes after he noticed that Hewes repeatedly showed up in Historical Events that lead to the Revolution. Hewes says that it was hard to find information because the only two direct pieces of evidence he had were two memoirs written in 1834 and 1835, however, the two memoirs written by Hewes were very flawed. For example, during the Disaster of the Tea, Hewes relates that he remembers John Hancock right next to him dumping the tea. He couldn’t be blamed for not remembering correctly, though. Hewes probably didn’t remember the Disaster of the Tea very well because everything was happening so fast it was like a blur—very emotional and memorable. Young discovered that the term “Tea Party” used to describe the Disaster of the Tea was first coined by Hewes in his 1834 memoir. During the 1830’s everyone was attempting to write memoirs and a contest for the public memory of the American Revolution started. He then goes on to describe how all sorts of different events had different names to different people.
I think it was important that Hewes had called it the Tea Party because it brought it back from off the dusty shelf where it had been and revived it. A lot of the other events, like the Civil War and the American Revolution where called different things. I also think that it was important for Young to mention that everyone had been rewriting their accounts of the American Revolution because it shines a little light onto why maybe Hewes had decided that he was going to write his two novels and that he was competing with everyone else and their accounts of the History. Young also provided a little bit of information about how we remember things during heated moments. A person wouldn’t necessarily remember every single detail if they were perhaps, in the middle of a battle being blasted from each side.
Young opened up an entirely new door setting free radicalism from its shackles of darkness. He talked about how the ideas shape the ideas and how McCarthyismand the 60’s helped him to write about George Robert Twelve Hewes. The 50’s Red scare helped him with his questioning the way the founding fathers thought, and the 70’s tried to clean up after the twenty year party from the before years. Young chose George Robert Twelve Hewes because he was a little guy, He wasn’t some well-known person, yet what he did was uncommon.
Industrial Revolution The most influential, significant transformation of human culture since the agriculture was founded eight or ten thousand years ago, was the industrial revolution of eighteenth and nineteenth century Europe and America. The consequences of this revolution would change irreversibly human labor, consumption, family structure, social structure, and even the very soul and ...