The Elizabethan Era was a time associated with Queen Elizabeth I’s reign from 1558 to 1603 and is often considered to be the golden age in English history.
It was a brief period of largely internal peace between the English Reformation and the battles between Protestants and Catholics and the battles between parliament and the monarchy.
During the Elizabethan Era two main concepts flourished: Humanism and the Renaissance. Humanism is a worldview and a moral philosophy that considers humans to be of primary importance. Not only the soul but also the body of man was worth adoring and cherishing. Human perfection was glorified and man was seen as created by God, but also capable of self-creation, aware of his own importance and potentials to change things. Furthermore, the people of the period wanted to create an entirely human order, a world dominated not by God, but by Man.
This is believed to be the age of great genius: philosophers like Francis Bacon and Thomas More, scientists like Copernicus and Galileo and great rulers like Henry VIII who is rightly described as a Renaissance prince, and Queen Elizabeth I from the House of Tudors.
The other main concept of the Elizabethan Age was the Renaissance which stands for the rebirth of the classical concept of the world, especially in art and philosophy. The Renaissance is also marked by numerous advancements in what we would call technology. The most important, the invention of printing, took place in 1455, and first came to England in 1475, when William Caxton set up a printing press in Westminster near Westminster Abbey. The effects of printing were widespread but not as rapid as we might suppose. The percentage of people who could read and write slowly grew as books became less expensive and more available. The English language, which had been in flux for centuries stabilized near the end of the fifteenth century and evolved into modern English in the sixteenth century.
Marlowe is one of the famous Renaissance writers. He is the first dramatist. Marlow began his career as a playwright. He wrote five plays, masterpieces, included the famous tragedy of the Rich Jew of Malta, Edward the Second, Dido: Queen of Carthage, Dr. Faustus and his most ambitious work the heroic epic Tamburlain, the first notable English play in blank verse. He also wrote one of the most ...
The Reformation as a broad movement was also something that shaped and affected the United Kingdom during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The movement started in Germany when Martin Luther publicly attacked the Roman Pope. People were no longer satisfied with the institution of Church because it had become corrupted and failed in its duty to teach people the Christian way of life by setting an example. The followers of this movement are generally known as Protestants and all of them wanted to reform the Roman Catholic Church.
On balance, it can be said that Queen Elizabeth provided the country with a long period of peace and prosperity.