The Women’s Movement
Women have been through many obstacles in the course of history. Women were seen as nothing more than objects. Women were something that could be bought and owned. Women were not even recognized as people in the constitution. Women were seen as small helpless creatures that needed a man to run their lives. But it is obvious that this is not the true. We are stronger than many men as well. We wanted equal right so we fought for what we believed in. Women took their lives into their own hands.
Our start seemed to be going in our favor. In the year 1701, women were being incorporated onto the jury. It seemed that things were becoming more equal. But instead of moving forward with time we went back. In 1769, it seemed women were not even fully human. The colonies of America had incorporated the laws they saw in the Blackstone Commentaries. The Blackstone Commentaries was a text by Sir William Blackstone that spoke of the laws of England. The Blackstone Commentaries suggested that if a woman was married, she and her husband only counted for one person. The text states that “the very being and legal existence of the women is suspended during marriage, or at least is incorporated into that of her husband under whose wing and protection she performs everything.” Meaning woman needed their husband’s protection or so the text expressed. It is basically saying that in this time period woman did what everything that their husbands told them. Men gave the orders, and the women followed. In the year 1777 man showed us how much they ran the women community. The state of New York passes a law that revoked women’s rights to vote. All the states passed a law that took away the right for women to vote. Massachusetts followed in 1780, and New Hampshire in 1784. In the United States Constitutional Convention placed the voting specifications in the power of each state. In the end, all states decided to retract women’s rights to vote, except for the state of New Jersey. Five years later, the constitution was fixed so that all the common conditions can include both sexes. But by 1807 even New Jersey had revoked women’s right to vote.
Your visit to China certainly did sound interesting. But life outside the palaces and cities is not the same as you have seen. I have visited many villages around the country and I've noticed a large difference. The men do seem to have control over the women, because that's part of the Confucianism ideology. But in reality, the women have complete control over household affairs. When the men are ...
Women just kept on fighting. They tried to get more involved, and show that they deserved to be seen as equals. In the 1830’s women began to get involved in abolitionist movement. An abolitionist was a person that was trying to rid the world of slavery. Women were not only fighting for their own rights but also of African Americans. They formed the female anti-slavery associations. They gave speeches and rallied, it was obvious the women of the US wanted change. But in the World Anti-slavery Convention of 1840 women were banned from participating because of their sex. But by the same time women were given the right to own their own land if their husbands permitted them to. Although, they got that right it still required approval form their husband. It was as if things were not really changing as much as they should. Women had had enough. Three hundred women and men gathered in Seneca Falls, New York to sign the Declaration of Sentiments. The Declaration of Sentiments was a petition to end discrimination against women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton proposed equal suffrage for men and women. Ten years later in October 1850, the first National Women’s Rights Convention was held.
But of course this did nothing to fix the problems. Women were still being seen as objects. Robert Newsom was a slave owner, who was murdered by his slave Celia. Celia had been raped by her master so; out of self defense she killed Mr. Newsom. Celia was found guilty of her master’s death because she was property, and was not allowed to defend herself. In 1866, the government takes things a further step, when they pass the fourteenth amendment. The fourteenth amendment states that citizen stands for males. It was the first time the use of the word male was in the constitution. The state of Kansas follows up the next year by trying to get equal suffrage for women and African American community. Their efforts got no change. Susan B. Anthony was a women rights leader. It was said that she “flouted the convention that a woman’s place is in a quiet corner of the home and the women should be seen and not heard.”1 In 1866 along with the help of Elizabeth Cady Stanton they found the American Equal Rights Association. Their main focus was to try to get equal suffrage for everyone.
... National Women Suffrage Association and worked hard for a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote. Even though the 15 th amendment ... not allowed an education. Susan's father, Daniel, believed in equal treatment for boys and girls and allowed her ... in 1851. The two women worked on reforming New York state laws discriminating women. Susan organized state campaigns for legal reforms ...
The addition of the fifteenth amendment seemed to be a good idea. They had granted African American men the right to vote. Women tried to be included in the amendment but their request was denied. Women formed another organization to try to help. They founded the Formation of New England Suffrage. During that same time almost 200 women attempted to vote in New Jersey but they ballots were overlooked. In May of 1869 the National woman suffrage Association is created. In November, the American Woman Suffrage Association is formed. Finally some change comes when the territory of Wyoming grants woman suffrage. A year later, the fifteenth amendment is fixed so that it did not directly deny woman the right to vote. A group of women decide to vote in Massachusetts. They are allowed to vote but the votes are not even counted. After this, the Anti-Suffrage Society is formed. 2
Susan B. Anthony and more supporters tried to vote in 1872. Because by law they were not allowed to vote it was a crime to try. That is why she and almost 20 other woman were arrested. Anthony is even denied a trial by the jury. In 1873 a woman by the name of Myra Colby Bradwell was denied to right to practice law. A year later the courts decided that just because one was a citizen that did not mean they had the right to vote. The year later the U.S. Supreme Court says that a state can deny a woman the right to vote. The court stated the woman were to be considered pa person but that they were in an individual group of nonvoting citizens. It seemed the government always had a way to deny women the same equal right as men. On 1876, Susan B. Anthony reads The Declaration for the Rights of Women in front of the Liberty Bell. By 1878, the first woman suffrage amendment makes its way to congress. A mere year later Belva Lockwood had the honor of becoming the first woman admitted to the Bar of the U.S. Supreme Court. The state of Wyoming also took a big step when in 1890 it allowed women to vote in all elections. The state of New York added to the progress when it created the New York’s Married Women’s property Act of 1848, because by 1900’s all states had made some type of legislation to imitate what New York had done. This gave women the power to have more control in their property and their income.
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Things begin to shake up in 1908, when a court ruling states that woman can only work ten hours because they were physically weak. The real reason was that women were getting put in horrible working conditions, and sometimes they were given more than 12hr work days. Women were seen as an expendable. No one had cared if a woman got hurt or if they were being over worked. Women were not even in control of their own bodies. The sate of New York created the anti-contraception law. This meant that women were not allowed to choose if they wanted to have a child or not. Of course, a woman by the name of Margaret Sanger went against this law. She built a clinic in Brooklyn that she is later taken to court for. In the end of the trial she wins her suit. She made it so that doctors had to provide couples with information on birth control.
Women had been underestimated for years upon years. Jane Addams, for example, organized the Women’s Peace Party. Society turned their back on her when she served as a member of the war capitals in 1915- they thought of her as a traitor. It was unfortunate the treatment she received especially after the work she had just done for the United States. She was “the first to represent the women of the world when women were first merging into society.”3 She was a labor organizer and social reformer and she inspired the women whom she surrounded.
Recently, many women are engaged in various kinds of job, and they have been advancing in society. Moreover, it is quite ubiquitous among typical families that a mother works outside the home. In the article Should a Woman Work Outside the Home?, the author Mohammed Akade Osman Sudan argues that a womans rightful place in society is in the home. I disagree with the authors view that women should ...
Women fight grew stronger through out the years. In 1911, 3,000 women in New York marched equal suffrage. One of the biggest accomplishments was in 1936 when women were granted the right to use birth control. In 1964 The Civil Rights Act states that one could not be denied employment because of their race, color sex, national origin, or religion. It was said that Anthony’s battle was “not a battle of the sexes, but a struggle for human rights for all.”4 The labor laws were also fixed in 1965 so that women would not be over worked. It also helped by opening more opportunities for women, in what would have been considered a male job. In 1968 the government is prohibited from sex discrimination. In 1975, the states are denied the right to not allow women on juries. Three year later, employment companies were not allowed to discriminate on pregnant women.
Women finally got our feet in the door. The women movement is longer than I could possibly write of. There are too many individual women who stood for a cause. Women who fought back when doors were closed in their faces, and who spoke up when they were told to calm down. But those times just tested our strength. When things did not go our way we stood up for the challenge. Women knew that they deserved to be seen as an equal. We worked away up the ladder. Now in 2008 women are more successful than their male counterparts. This includes in school, and work. They say in the end the stronger will conquer. And the women of the U.S. did just that. This is not to say that things are perfect. There are still many women getting discriminated because of their sex. But right now the women community is closer to their goal of everyone being equal.
1.Lutz, Alma. Susan B. Anthony
Boston, MA. Beacon Press 1959
2. Edwards, Julia. The Women of the World
Boston, MA. Houghton Mifflin Company 1988
3. Davis, Allen F. American Herione – The Life and Legend of Jane Addams
Men and women will never be equal just like an apple and an orange, both are fruits, but have different taste. In general, men and women are physically, mentally, and emotionally different but does that really mean men and women will never be equal? The word “equal” means “the same as”. So, is a woman the same as a man? Study shows that an average women earns a year is lower than what men would ...
New York, Oxford University Press 1973
4. Dorr, Rheta Childe. Susan B. Anthony – The Woman who changed the mind of a Nation
New York, NY. AMS Press 1928
5. Sorel, Nancy Caldwell. The Women who wrote the War
New York, NY Arcade Publishing,1999