A Research Paper Presented to Cecile F. Baniqued Department of Languages and Literature In partial fulfillment of the requirements for English 102 By: Guanlao, Mary Maren M. Rios, Gail Marian O. Belisario, Pitz Jerald Hirokazu Shinose 1MT04 Topic: Anorexia Nervosa Thesis Statement: A closer examination on the causes of anorexia nervosa is needed in the number of women suffering from it over the past 20 years. I. Introduction A. Background of the study B. Statement of the problem C. Significance of the study D.
Scope and Limitation E. Definition of Terms II. Collection of Readings A. Definition of Anorexia Nervosa B. Estimated Number of people suffering from Anorexia Nervosa C. Types of Anorexia Nervosa 1. Restricting Type 2. Purging Type D. Causes of Anorexia Nervosa E. Effects of Anorexia Nervosa 1. Physical 2. Psychological 3. Behavioral 4. Social F. Diagnosis 1. Self-diagnosis 2. Medical Diagnosis G. Signs/ Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa 1. Physical 2. Psychological 3. Behavioral H. Possible Complications I. Prevention J. Treating Anorexia Nervosa 1. Steps in Recovery 2. Medical Nutrition Therapy
3. Psychological Therapy 4. Getting past your fear of gaining weight 5. Tips for helping a person with Anorexia III. Conclusion A. Summary B. Conclusion C. Recommendation I. Introduction A. Background of the study This research paper would tackle the causes of Anorexia Nervosa in the number of women suffering from it, over the past 20 years. This would show the estimated number of people suffering from this disorder, approximately 90-95 percent are girls and women, and between 5 to 20 percent of individuals struggling with Anorexia made by the National eating disorder organization website.
... an increased exercise regimen. Symptoms A person with anorexia nervosa may exhibit a number of signs and symptoms, the type and ... reported childhood sexual abuse compared to women with no history of eating disorders. Studies suggest that a genetic (inherited) component ... processes) levels in the brain may occur in people suffering from anorexia. Feeding problems as an infant, a general history ...
In addition, it would also show the different types, causes, effects , signs, symptoms, complications and preventions that pertains to Anorexia Nervosa. Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder in which people intentionally starve themselves. It causes extreme weight loss, which the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, defines as at least 15 percent below the individual’s normal body weight. It is a serious condition that can be life-threatening. By some estimates, it leads to death in 10 percent of cases.
Experienced treatment programs can help people of the condition to return to normal weight, but it is common for the disorder to return. On the other hand, this research paper was made so that people can be aware of Anorexia Nervosa, which is an eating disorder. The consequences of eating disorders, can be severe – 5 percent to 20 percent of cases of Anorexia Nervosa leads to death from starvation, cardiac arrest, other medical complications or suicide. Increasing awareness of the dangers of eating disorders-sparked by medical studies and extensive media coverage of the disorder – has led many people to seek help.
Nevertheless, some people with eating disorders refuse to admit they have a problem and refuse treatment, most especially women. And with this research, they would be able to know more about Anorexia Nervosa and could possibly help them. B. Statement of the Problem Each year millions of people in the United States are affected by serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorder. More than 90 percent of those afflicted and young adult women. It is suggested that the reason women in this age group are particularly vulnerable to eating disorders is their tendency to go on strict diets to achieve an “ideal” figure.
Researchers have found that such stringent dieting can play a key role in triggering eating disorders. They also chose this topic to determine the causes of Anorexia Nervosa and the different ways on how to prevent this kind of eating disorder. The main objective of this paper is to show the awareness of the dangers of Anorexia Nervosa. To further understand the said topic, this paper aims to answer the following questions: 1. What is Anorexia Nervosa? 2. What are the symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa? 3. What are the causes and effects of Anorexia Nervosa? 4.
Anorexia Nervosa is a serious eating disorder. It mainly affects young white women. There are two different types of anorexia, restrictive and binge eating / purging . Many theories have been developed about the cause of anorexia nervosa. There are psychological, physical, white and family problems that lead to the disorder. Family members can prevent their children from forming anorexia in many ...
How do these people acquire Anorexia Nervosa? 5. How can Anorexia Nervosa be prevented? C. Significance of the Study: Anorexia Nervosa can take weeks or even many months to improve. It can take several years for people with Anorexia to become completely better. Many people found that they still have issues with food, even after treatment, but they are more in control and can lead happier, more fulfilled lives. Unfortunately, some people with Anorexia die from causes related to Anorexia. Causes of death include infections, dehydration, blood chemical imbalance and even suicide.
With this research it might be able to help the people to become aware by giving them an overview of Anorexia Nervosa and for recognizing the signs and symptoms early by helping these people reduce the impact of Anorexia Nervosa and help the people who are affected with a full recovery. The specific sectors of society that would benefit from the study are those who are suffering from Anorexia Nervosa. Approximately, 90-95% are girls and women, and with this research, this would help the affected to know more about Anorexia Nervosa and it would enlighten their minds in knowing more information about their disorder.
Another sectors would be the families of the affected person. As for their benefit, the family would be aware of the disorder, as well as, its symptoms and preventions. Lastly, the care providers that are involved with this disorder can also benefit in this study. Their expertise in different fields can be improved more and gain more knowledge about this disorder. D. Scope and Limitation: The research about Anorexia Nervosa is delivering a closer look on the causes of Anorexia Nervosa to show the alarming increase in the number of women suffering from it over the past 20 years.
This tackles the definition of Anorexia Nervosa, which is a very serious disorder that has a wide range of effects on the body and mind. It will also show the estimated number of people suffering from this kind of disorder. Like other researches, the research paper also contains the different types, causes and effects of the said topic, Anorexia Nervosa. Moreover, diagnosis, signs and symptoms, possible complications, prevention and treatment for Anorexia Nervosa will be discussed. E. Definition of Terms: 1. Compulsive. It is having the capacity to compel. 2. Bloating. It is cause to swell up or inflate, as with liquid or gas.
... type is a symbol of health, prosperity and success made eating disorders more common. The people suffering from anorexia and bulimia nervosa ... at risk for suicide. Obsessive-compulsive disorder can also come with anorexia. The anorexic person usually has a normal personality, ... personality changes. However, this can be reversed when the person once again reaches normal weight. Scientists have found ...
3. Laxatives. It is a food or drug that stimulates evaluation of the bowels. 4. Arrhythmias. It is a fast, slow or irregular heartbeat. 5. Bradycardia. It is a slow heartbeat. 6. Hypotension. It is also known as low blood pressure. 7. Hematological. It is a type of blood which mild anemia and leukopenia are frequently bound. 8. Gastrointestinal. It occurs to the stomach and intestines and has a normal movement in intestinal tract but often slows down with very restricted eating and severe weight loss. 9. Stunting. It is how to be able to check the growth or development. 10. Meticulous.
It means extremely careful and precise. 11. Intervention. It is to come, appear or lie between two things. 12. Downy. It means resembling down. 13. Cessation. It means a bringing or coming to an end. 14. Flaky. It is made of resembling flakes. 15. Degenerative. It is of, relating to, causing or characterized by degeneration. 16. Ipecac. It is a low-growing tropical American shrub. 17. Bizarre. It is strikingly conventional and far-fetched in style or appearance. II. Collection of Readings A. Definition of Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa, or simply Anorexia, is known to be a life-threatening eating disorder.
It usually begins during adolescence; however, it can be developed at any age or stage in life and can either be in male or in female. In this case, people who have this kind of disorder tend to starve themselves due to the fear of becoming fat. After self-starvation, extreme weight loss will follow that can either led to dangerous health problems such as malnutrition, dangerous low body weight or even death. The term Anorexia literally means “loss of appetite” but this definition is misleading because it is more of a person who refuses to eat even though that person is hungry.
... for people with eating disorders, but it is always possible that someone with anorexia may never fully recover (Anorexia Nervosa. para 6). Weight will always be ... also be a symptom of Anorexia Nervosa. (Anorexia Nervosa. para. 2). Physical complications are obvious in a person suffering with anorexia. Anorexia breaks down the body and ...
A person with this disorder may be underweight, but still have the intense fear of getting fat and use methods like extreme exercise, use of laxatives, diet, and other methods to avoid weight gain. According to other research associations, studies are finding that in some people with eating disorders certain brain chemicals that control digestion, appetite and hunger may be unbalanced. Anorexia Nervosa is also known as a psychological illness with devastating physical consequences. Experts believe susceptibility to eating disorders may be partly driven by a person’s genes.
In many cases, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders have been found to run in families. In addition, patients having this kind of disorder have not “lost” interest in food, they have intentionally restricted their food intake. A patient with this disorder has a distorted body image. These are more common in females because females are often conscious to their weight than the males. Moreover, the risk of developing or having Anorexia Nervosa is high to those actors or actresses, models, dancers, athletes, wrestlers, gymnasts, and figure skaters.
Anorexia Nervosa can start with the thoughts about dieting. Wrong or improper dieting can be a big factor on developing Anorexia. B. Estimated Number of People Suffering from Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa is known to be common in girls or women and less in boys or men. It is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women. The occurrence of anorexia nervosa has increased over the past 20 years. In 2012, estimates suggested that over 7,000 of the 25,000 Australians with anorexia nervosa were male.
According to the National Eating Disorder Organization, the approximate percentage of people who suffers from Anorexia Nervosa, as of 2013, was 90 to 95 percent girls and women between ages 12 to 25. For the foreign country like America, the estimated number of women who suffers from Anorexia was between 0. 5 to 1 percent. For the estimated number or percentage of individual that is struggling with this disorder and most likely to lose their lives was between 5 to 20 percent. The probabilities of death cause by Anorexia Nervosa increases within that range depending on the length of the condition.
James Lock, MD, PhD, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University Medical School says that anorexia nervosa kills approximately 1 in every 10 patients. This may consider that Anorexia Nervosa has one of the highest death rates of any mental health condition. South Carolina Department of Mental Health states that eating disorders have the highest mortality rates of any mental illness. It also quotes a statistic that between 5 to 10 percent of anorexics die within 10 years of contracting the disease and 18 to 20 percent within 20 years.
... people develop eating disorders; because they feel that theyre 'fat Depression Stress or maybe a combination of different things. Anorexia Nervosa People suffering from anorexia nervosa ... ill. SYMPTOMS MAY INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING PHYSICAL. severe weight loss. periods stopping (in women). difficulty sleeping. ... that fits on top of the real person underneath, that can be controlled with the right ...
C. Types of Anorexia Nervosa 1. Restricting type. Most commonly known type of Anorexia Nervosa. A person who has this type of Anorexia restricts the amount of calories or food taken, especially carbohydrates and fats. With this type, the person affected won’t vomit when increasing the food intake instead the person affected eat less or doesn’t eat at all and do what people with Anorexia normally do, which is to despise one’s weight gain. The person who suffers from Anorexia may also get involve with extreme exercise in attempt to get rid of the fats gained. 2.
Binge-eating or purging type. Less recognized type of Anorexia Nervosa. A person who has this type of Anorexia vomits or misuses laxatives. The person suffering from this type will have the tendency to vomit every food intake. The sufferer will eat but once digested the sufferer will start vomiting to overcome the sense of guilt for the actions and to avoid the weight gain. It appears that most individuals with binge-eating or purging type engage in those behaviors’ at least weekly, but sufficient information is not available to justify the specification of a minimum frequency.
D. Causes of Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa has no single cause; it usually begins as innocent dieting behavior, but gradually progresses to extreme and unhealthy weight loss. Anorexia is a complex condition that arises from a combination of many social, emotional, and biological factors. People who develop Anorexia are more likely to come from families with a history of weight problems, physical illness, and other mental health problems, such as depression or substance abuse. The pressure from society and the media to be thin is thought to play a part.
The National Health Service, UK, says that the majority of experts believe the mental disorder is caused by a combination of biological, environmental and psychological factors. Some people have personality traits that cause to develop some mental disorders, particularly, Anorexia Nervosa. The following risk factors have been associated with anorexia nervosa: Having a tendency towards depression Low self-esteem Feelings of helplessness Having an anxiety disorder as a child Challenged by appropriate problem solving, being too rigid, overly-critical, intrusive, and overprotective Fear of becoming fat
... relationship between the person and food that appears abnormal. Anorexia Nervosa is one of the most prevalent eating disorder diseases. The word Anorexia itself means, ... seen. There are people who have personality disorders such as obsessive-compulsive problems like perfectionism, obsession with appearances, and weight. A person such as this ...
Being overly worried about one’s weight and shape Being excessively worried, doubtful and/or scared about the future Being perfectionist Having a negative self-image Having eating problems during early childhood or infancy Having had an anxiety disorder during childhood Holding specific cultural/social ideas regarding beauty and health Inhibition – the individual restrains or controls his or her behaviour and expression Environmental factors – may include the hormonal changes that occur during puberty, plus feelings of anxiety, stress and low self-esteem.
Other environmental factors some experts believe may contribute include physical abuse, sexual abuse, issues with family relationships, being bullied, other school stress (e. g. exams), bereavement, and a stressful life event, such as the breakdown of a relationship or becoming unemployed. Biological Factors- may include brain hormone most related to stress, decreased levels of serotonin and nor epinephrine, and high levels of cortical. The major risk factors for Anorexia: Body Dissatisfaction Strict Dieting Low Self-esteem Difficulty Expressing Feelings
Perfectionism Troubled Family Relationships History of Physical or Sexual Abuse Family History of Eating Disorder There are many other contributing factors that may lead to the development of Anorexia Nervosa including family environment, emotional difficulties, low self-esteem, and traumatic experiences that happen or gone through the past. People with Anorexia are often perfectionists and over-achievers but inside the person who suffers with this disorder feel helpless, inadequate, and worthless and as that continue that person will feel a total failure.
For the family and social pressure; however, includes participation in different kind of activity that requires or demands slenderness, such as ballet, gymnastics, or modeling. It may also include the over-controlling personality of the parents and, lastly, the stressful life events. In addition, Anorexia Nervosa can also be developed by biological factors. One example for Biological factor is by the genetics. If one has a sibling, parent or a relative that has Anorexia then most likely there’s a possibility that one of them would be able to inherit the disorder. E. Effects of Anorexia Nervosa: Physical
Rooted in the emotional state of the victim, anorexia nervosa produces profound physical effects. The anorexic person often appears to be skin and bones for the disorder tends to be a serious disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. The state of semi starvation disturbs many body systems as it forces the body to conserve energy stores as much as possible. This attempt to conserve energy stores is the cause of most of the physical effects. Moreover, many complications can be reversed by returning to a healthy weight, provided the duration of the insult has not been too long.
The predictable effects caused by hormonal responses and deficient nutrient intakes from semi starvation and you can distinguish it if the victim has: A lowered body temperature and cold intolerance from loss of insulting fat layer. Slowed metabolic rate, decreased heart rate as metabolism slows, leading to premature fatigue. Fainting and an overwhelming need for sleep. Iron deficiency anemia which leads to further weakness. Rough, dry, scaly and cold skin which may show multiple bruises because of the loss of the protective fat layer normally present under the skin.
Low white blood cell count, which increases the risk of infection. Abnormal feeling of fullness or bloating, which can last for several hours after eating. Loss of hair and appearance of lanugo. Constipation, due to deterioration of the gastrointestinal tract and abuse of laxative. Low blood potassium, worsened by potassium losses during vomiting and use of some types of diuretics. Loss of menstrual periods because of low body weight, low body fat content, and the stress of the disease. Changes in neurotransmitter function in the brain, which led to depression.
Eventual loss of teeth ; and Muscle tears and stress fractures in athletes because of decreased bone and muscle mass. A vast array of physical effects can also serve as warning signs that a problem exists and therefore, professional evaluation is then indicated. Psychological Psychological component revolves in fear of gaining weight even that person is nearly or in the phase of what they call “underweight”. Most anorexic person wants to be dead than to be fat. People with anorexia are being insecure when it comes to their weight.
Anorexic person tends to have a distorted image which they see themselves as a fat person contradicting to the reality in which they are thin. Anorexic persons have thoughts that people would respect them if they were not fat. However, with the restriction of food they intake, this psychological problem wouldn’t be possible to eradicate. The typical psychological profile of an anorexic describes a young female who is well behaved, eager to please, and needs no special attention from parents or teachers. Children and adolescents with this disorder are usually described as helpful, kind and pure hearted people.
Nevertheless, they are scared in building relationship with other peers for the fact that anorexic person thinks badly about their peers. Even though these people are good and kind, they tend to have low self-esteem on themselves for these people are bashful about their weight. They care on what other people might say to them. Anorexic people are perfectionists; they expect and do things that they can do to be better. Other psychological symptoms that are common in anorexia includes: depressed mood, irritability, social withdrawal, loss of sexual drive, preoccupation with food, and obsessive thoughts. Behavioral
The behavioral component of anorexia is characterized by what Hilde Brunch described as the “relentless pursuit of thinners”. People with anorexia are obsessed with their body weight by checking it repeatedly. In order to achieve thinness they may engage in behaviors such as self-starvation and abnormal food consumption patterns, intense and compulsive exercise, or purging by means of self-induced vomiting and abuse of laxatives, enemas, and diuretic. Anorexics will change in attitude. Previously, they love, care, and supported love ones. Unfortunately, they will be a person who is always stressing, irritated, and unfriendly.
Mood swings are present in their mind. Dealing with anorexics is hard because of the behavior they are showing. A lot of them are locking themselves self-up. Social Anorexic persons are dependent persons. They want to be alone in a dark room rather than eating with their family, friends, and relatives. They are dependent but they are usually affected by judgments. In some other cases, they cook for their love ones but they’re not eating the food that they prepared. For a person who is not aware of this disorder, people will find them rude on not eating a single bite which makes them a bad chef.
But for experts, who understand what is going on, will be more careful and caring for they know that it may come up with a good result. Related to the events about this disorder, there is an article about an anorexic person named Ali. She is a cheerful and a blessed person. However, she is not aware of the disorder that she’s acquiring, she has a friend who consulted her about the disorder but instead of thanking her friend in helping her out, she got mad on her friend and the friendship that they had fall apart. Consequently, not only to her friends but to all of the people who consults her with her disease.
An Anorexic person doesn’t want to be eradicated. F. Diagnosis Parents, family members, spouses, teachers, coaches, and instructors may be able to identify an individual with Anorexia Nervosa, although many persons with the disorder initially keep their illness private and hidden. A detailed history of the individual’s behavior from family, parents, and teachers, clinical observations of the person’s behavior, and, sometimes, psychological testing contribute to the diagnosis. Family members who note symptoms of anorexia in a loved one can help by seeking an evaluation and treatment early.
Anorexia, and the malnutrition that results, can adversely affect nearly every organ system in the body, increasing the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Anorexia can be fatal. 1. Self Diagnosis a. People can determine if they have anorexia nervosa by answering this questions: A1. Have I recently lost weight rapidly? A2. Do I find myself feeling overweight, even though others tell that I’m thin? A3. (If the patient is female) Have your periods stopped? If the constant answer is yes, it is better to consult the physician.
With these questions people can determine if they are near in acquiring the disorder or maybe, they had already acquired the disorder. 2. Medical Diagnosis a. There are different tests to be performed to identify in having Anorexia Nervosa. A1. Blood tests – a complete blood count, and also tests to check levels of electrolytes and protein. Blood tests can also show whether the kidneys, liver and thyroid are functioning properly. A2. Imaging scans – to check for heart problems, broken bones, and pneumonia. A3. Electrocardiogram – to check for heart irregularities. G. Signs/Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa
Physical There are many different symptoms that could indicate the presence of anorexia in an individual. The physical signs and symptoms may include: Weight loss without a reason Body weight that is not in the healthy range for the persons’ age and height. Development of bloating, constipation and food intolerance also occur. In women, loss of periods starts to bestow and for girls, menstrual cycle fails to begin. In men, loss of libido. Infertility of men and women Moreover, the most common physical symptoms associated with anorexia – often that results from starvation and malnourishment.
However, each individual may experience symptoms differently and these symptoms may include: Dry skin Dehydration Abdominal pain Constipation Lethargy Fatigue Intolerance to cold temperatures Emaciation ; and Development of lanugo and yellowing of the skin. Psychological Anorexia Nervosa does not only affect our body physically but also psychologically. Psychological Signs and Symptoms may include intense fear of gaining weight or ongoing behavior that does not enable weight gain, obsessive concern about dieting, body shape and weight.
People who are encountering Anorexia Nervosa can also feel a sentiment of anxiety, depression and irritability most especially around meal times. This disorder also affects the victim psychologically by lowering the self-esteem along with perfectionism, slowed thinking and decreased ability to concentrate and lastly, a distorted body image – for instance, a person who believes they are fat when they are underweight, are expressions of low self – worth. Behavioral People with Anorexia may severely limit the amount of food they eat, or they eat and then make themselves throw up.
Behavioral signs and symptoms may include: Binge eating or hiding food Misuse of laxatives Appetite suppressants Diuretics and enemas. Behavior related to body image. Other behaviors include cutting food into small pieces or moving them around the plate instead of eating, exercising all the time even when the weather is bad, going to the bathroom right after meals, refusing to eat around other people, and by using pills to make themselves urinate. H. Possible Complications Anorexia can have numerous complications. At its most severe, it can be fatal.
Death may occur suddenly even when someone is not severely underweight. This may result from abnormal heart rhythms’ or an imbalance of electrolytes minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium that maintain the balance of fluids in body. Complications of anorexia include: Death Anemia Kidney problems Bone loss which increases the risk of fractures later in life Cardiovascular problems such as mitral valve prolapsed, abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure. In females, absence of a period In males, decreased testosterone Gastrointestinal problems
Electrolyte abnormalities such as constipation, bloating, nausea, low blood potassium, sodium and chloride. If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including brain, heart and kidneys. This damage may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control. In addition to the host of physical complications, people with anorexia also commonly have other mental disorders as well. They may include depression, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders and drug abuse. I. Prevention
Preventive measures to reduce the incidence of Anorexia are not known at this time. However, early detection and treatment can reduce the development of the symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa, enhance the individual’s normal growth and development, and improve the quality of life experienced by persons with Anorexia Nervosa. Healthy lifestyle includes the eating habit should be the focus of every person to avoid the development of this disorder. Furthermore, the realistic attitude toward weight and diet would be helpful to avoid this disorder. J. Treating Anorexia Nervosa 1. Steps in Recovery
The goal in treating anorexic person is to enable to help his/her psychological and behavioral problems while providing physical and nutritional rehabilitation. The treatment involves multidisciplinary approach. The treatment team should include: A psychiatrist because they are the experts and trained in assessing, diagnosing and treating mental disorders. Psychologist experienced in the group. Individual psychotherapy. A nutritionist familiar with the medical nutrition therapy needed for anorexic patients. An occupational therapist skilled in psychosocial rehabilitation of patient with eating disorder.
Social worker experienced in working with the families of patient with eating disorder. Nurses experienced in dealing with the needs of an anorexic person and to assist doctors at all times. With this professional people the condition of the patient is well-assured and guaranteed with the prescriptions that it intakes. Guidelines of the treatment patients have been outline by the American psychiatric association. The principle involved in treating anorexic person is the mere fact to change his/her views in eating food that has positive effect in his/her body.
Specific treatment for anorexia nervosa will be determined by physician based on. Age, overall health, medical history Extent of the symptoms Tolerance for specific medication, procedures or therapies Expectations for courses of the condition Opinion or preferences 2. Medical Nutrition Therapy The goal of the nutrition intervention is to stop malnutrition, to promote weight gain by increasing energy intake and to expand dietary choices, and to restore normal perceptions of hunger and satiety. The first step is to assess nutritional status. An initial goal of nutritional therapy is a weight gain of 0. 9 to 1.
4 kilograms per week in outpatient treatment. An initial target caloric intake is set at 1000 to 1600 calories per day. If the patient refuses the intake of food, force-feeding technique such as tube or intravenous feedings may be necessary to provide adequate caloric intake. But some expert thinks that force technique is a bad step in treating people with eating disorders because it may cause traumas and phobias unless the patient is in a life threatening condition, this act is acceptable. Patient’s good habits in eating and water intake should be monitored to assure that they consume what has been offered.
In addition, patients need to be checked regularly for changes in vital signs and electrolyte levels, rapid weight gain, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Once the patient health is stabled, healthy target weights can be establish. Each individual patient must experiment with eating behavior to develop healthy patterns that can be maintained over the long term. Self-monitoring technique, such as food records, tracking laxative use and purging behavior, and charting weight changes, can be helpful in learning normal eating behavior. 3. Psychological Therapy
People know that eating disorders are psychological, so psychiatric management is the fundamental foundation in treating anorexic person. There should be teamwork between psychiatric and other clinical care for a better and a successful result. The goal of this therapy is to: Understand their needs for nutritional and physical rehabilitation, Change the behavior related to their weight restrictions, Improve their interpersonal and social functioning, Address underlying psychological conflicts that are reflected in their eating disorder.
The therapy should give the patients’ needs for physical, social and mental in order to change his/her view in eating. Patient’s motivation is highly needed in order to have a strong spirit in fighting this disorder with the help of the people around him/her. Expert can use group therapy but he/she must ensure that his/her patient will not compete for who is the thinness or sickest but rather compete for who will be outside the hospital faster. There is a great risk in conducting this therapy because the recovering patient might become demoralized by seeing a lack of progress in the recovery of other patient to go back into society.
Patient’s family is needed in this therapy in order to give support. It is highly recommended by the experts and professionals to raise the self-confident of the person who acquired this disorder. 4. Getting past your fear of gaining weight Getting back to once normal self is quite hard and not a friendly and easy task. The thought of gaining weight is nerve-racking especially if being force. Researchers show that if once weight is closer to the normal weight then there is a better chance to be normal. One of the deadly and frightening symptoms of anorexia is Obesophobia or Pocrescophobia or fear in gaining weight.
Number one treatment is to encourage anorexics to be treated by family and friends and give them the best support. Anorexic persons need their family and friends to have a strong will of fire to fight this disorder. 5. Tips for helping a person with Anorexia There are tips for helping an anorexic person. Tips to improve the fast recovery of person who acquired this disorder: A. Think of yourself as an “outsider” 1. People should not force anorexic person to be hospitalize. Family and friends should understand that if they are not ready, they are not.