It is understood that both approaches are interested in allowing clients to explore and solve their own problems. The core assumptions of person-centered therapy is to assist clients with is to provide respect to human beings congruence, promote growth, and provide empathetic and active listening, and unconditional positive regard. Alternatively, Existential therapy’s core assumptions are to define self-awareness, freedom and responsibility, striving for identity and relationship with others, and the search for meaning of life.
For instance, the belief that human nature will assist clients with understanding themselves through life struggles. The goals of person-centered therapy is to assist clients with achieving a greater degree of independence and integration. The goal of existential therapy is similar to the goal of person centered therapy. Existentialism’s goal is to increase self-awareness, authentic living, taking responsibility, encouraged to find meaning and truth, and coping with anxiety.
Overall, these two approaches are viewed more as an attitude, as well as a creative way to assist clients with self-expression. The Person-centered and Existential approach both strive to ensure that the therapeutic relationship with clients are authentic, comfortable and useful to the client. Person-centered therapy and Existential therapy have both been found to assist clients with overcoming grief and loss. This research paper will further examine the similarities and differences of the art therapy approaches of erson-centered and existential therapy. Literature Review Person Centered theory has been found to be helpful within the healing process of clients. According to Kim (2010), Carl Roger’s Person Centered therapy has assisted clients with utilizing specific interventions with assisting to clients with solving their own problems. With congruence of Carl Roger’s person centered theory and his daughter Natalie Roger’s expressive art therapy has been found to allow clients to explore their hidden feelings expressed (Kim, 2010).
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Researchers found that clients who benefit the most from person centered expressive art therapy are the individuals who chose not to share their personal thoughts, feelings, and emotions. Kim (2010) found that this approach assisted counselor’s with better understanding their client’s problems dealing with various issues related to despair and fear from a deeper prospective. Kim (2010) assessed the effectiveness of utilizing person-centered expressive art therapy with clients who are coping with grief and loss.