“My life is interesting only if it is related to psychoanalysis.” Those are the infamous words of a man who is believed to be one of the most influential figures in Psychology. Sigmund Freud is his name, the father of psychoanalysis. As a child, Sigmund was intensely loved by his parents, and always strived to do his best in his academic studies. He took his research very seriously and was extremely enthusiastic to begin his journey through the world of Psychology. Likewise, his followers were and still are equally fascinated by his discoveries.
Sigmund Freud was born Sigismund Schlomo Freud on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, which is presently a portion of the Czech Republic. His father, a Jew named Jacob Freud, worked in a factory that manufactured textile products. Amalia (Nathansohn) Freud, Sigismund’s mother, was a homemaker and favored Sigmund over his seven younger siblings; “my golden sigi” she would call him. The second child born to Mister and Misses Freud was a little boy by the name of Julius. Sigmund became very jealous of his brother, and found himself wishing baby Julius would vanish. Unfortunately, on April 15, 1958, Julius suddenly died. Freud also had two older brothers whom were well into adulthood by the time of his birth. In fact, Sigmund was an uncle before he was brought into this world. His older nephew John was his greatest companion as a child, however the two boys often competed with each other; John was older, but as the uncle, Sigmund frequently triumphed. In 1860, the textile company Jacob worked for went out of business and the family was forced to move to Vienna, Austria. Although Freud’s parents were proclaimed as Jewish, they did not raise their children religiously. Sigmund practiced Jewish cultures, but as he grew older he became an Atheist.
Sigmund Freuds influence to the time of the lost generation and its writers. (1) The influence of Freuds theory of psychoanalysis on contemporary writers cannot be underestimated. The beginning of 20th century was signified with decline of Christianity to the degree that it ceased to have any philosophical validity. Philosophers and writers were beginning to suspect that human behavior is ...
As a young student, Freud’s mother home schooled him. Sigmund did not enter an actual educational institution until he reached his high school years. It was then that he attended Sperl Gymnasium where he managed to be the first in his class for seven years. Jacob and Amalia praised “sigi” for his achievements in the intellectual realm. In particular, he was the only child to have his own room and had a gas lamp for light instead of candles. During his enrollment at this German grammar school, Sigismund decided to change his name to Sigmund. After graduating at the Gymnasium, Freud knew he wanted to become a college student at the University of Vienna, however, he was unsure of what to study. A friend had once suggested law, but there was something pulling him toward the field of Science. And so, the intelligent Sigmund Freud became a medical student. The study of medicine did not intrigue Sigmund in the same way in that of scientific research. Uncommon to the time period, it took him 8 years to finally receive his medical degree because he focused too much of his time toward his wonders of the scientifically unknown, which began the adventures of arriving at his psychoanalytic theories. In the year of 1877, Freud met one of his earliest influences, a physiologist named Ernst Brucke. Brucke allowed him to work in his laboratory where he examined and learned of the anatomy of the brain and histology. One of his main assignments while working with Brucke was to determine whether or not nerve cells in humans are the same, and if not, what were the main differences between them and of small animals. The objective of this experiment was to establish a correlation between the anatomical make up of humans and animals. Sigmund’s findings showed that the spinal neuron cells of a frog were of the same type as a human’s. These results reinforced Darwin’s initial idea that humans and animals are genetically and historically connected.
Abstract The study of psychology has given rise to many differing theories which provided us with a deeper understanding and insight to dreams, and has long been viewed as mysterious and incomprehensible. However, no real consensus in the definition of dreams has been reached. In this essay, we will be exploring dream theories proposed by Sigmund Freud who asserted the importance of internal ...
Although he had given great contributions to Brucke’s laboratory, Sigmund would not have made a decent living if he had continued working there. He met a beautiful young woman by the name of Martha Bernays and was destined to marry her. Martha’s family was poor as well as Sigmund’s. Therefore, Mister Freud had to seek higher paid employment. Doing the research he loved so dearly would not make ends meet and so he was forced to take on a position at the Vienna General Hospital. At the hospital, he wanted to put his medical degree into practice and receive experience. Eventually he landed a spot in Theodor Meynert’s department of psychiatry. Here, he was anxious and ready to continue his analysis is neurophysiology.
Aside from his day job as a neurologist, Freud administered a study on cocaine, the main element of the coca leaf. He began the research by using himself as a case study and recorded his thoughts, how he viewed the world around him, and how he felt before, during, and after the use of cocaine. He then published his findings in an article called “Uber Coca”, which means “On Coca”. Shortly after he began his quest of the consequences, good or bad, cocaine has on the body and mind; Sigmund took a trip to visit his beloved fiancé. It was while he was there that one of his colleagues founded one interesting effect of the drug. Doctor Kholer discovered that cocaine acts as an anesthetic in the mucous membranes of sensitive areas such as the nose, mouth, and eyes. Sigmund would regret not finding this fact himself. Initially, Freud believed that cocaine might give a contribution in the treatment of sad and angry moods and also in morphine addiction. Sigmund treated one of his good friends for his morphine addiction by giving him cocaine as a “medicine”. His friend did indeed overcome the need for morphine; however, he acquired a new need for cocaine. Unfortunately, six years later his friend died in an event in which cocaine was involved. It was not too long after this tragedy that Sigmund ceased any research with the drug.
Another area of study that caught the interest of the aspiring psychologist was hysteria. During the winter season of 1885 and 1886, Freud received grant money that allowed him to take a trip to Paris and work with Jean-Martin Charcot. Sigmund was very fascinated by Charcot’s speeches, confidence, and exhibition of his patients. He even decided to give his own lectures on hysteria, but did not get the response he desired from his audiences. After returning from Paris, Sigmund and Martha were at last able to marry and announce their love to the world. However, the groom did seek financial help from one of his prosperous friends, Josef Breuer.
During my research on Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory I came across many articles detailing the biography of Sigmund Freud. I found many of the biographical articles interesting in relation to Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis and psychosexual development. I believe that there are many aspects of Sigmund Freud’s life that can be analyzed using his own theories. The main aspect of Freud’s ...
The patients Freud encountered at Vienna General Hospital were mainly women who experienced neurological symptoms such as hallucinations, loss of motor control, paralysis, and blindness. Doctor Freud administered therapeutic exercises such as massage and hypnosis in order to resolve these symptoms. However hypnosis did not achieve results on some patients who were less willing to open up about their lives. Sigmund set out on a mission to discover a new technique that will allow him to get closer to his patients. It was during this time that Freud and Breuer teamed up together in hopes of unveiling new psychological mysteries. One attempt of reaching their goal was recording their important case studies and developing a book named Studies on Hysteria. There was one case study in particular that grasped Freud’s attention and led him to the uncovering of psychoanalysis. In this case, Breuer was able to “cure” a patient by having her talk about connotations that related to her symptoms. Eventually, because of their different views on where the causes of hysteria are located, Freud and Breuer went their separate ways.
Sigmund Freud first began his raw research towards his psychoanalytic theories by using himself as the initial person of interest. He noted his dreams and explored his old childhood memories in order to determine the root of his own mental status. He arrived at the conclusion that his mental disturbances derived from his hidden desire for his mother and animosity toward his father. Sigmund had finally given birth to a technique for treating many mental disorders. Psychoanalysis, defined as a technical procedure for investigating unconscious mental processes and for treating psychoneuroses, was Freud’s most astonishing discoveries.
Sigmund Freud believed that the root of one’s mental instability lied within their sexual infatuations, and in order to access them, he used psychoanalysis. I can understand how Freud came to this decision, but I feel his interpretation went a little deeper than what is reality. Young children do indeed have deep feelings toward their parents; however, I do not think sexuality plays a part. Sigmund realized that his childhood was the cause of many of his problems as an adult and that he had a sexual desire for his mother. I think he was a “mommy’s boy” and wanted all her attention to himself, but I cannot wrap my mind around the fact that he had a sexual want for her and was jealous of his father. Maybe Sigmund was mentally disabled himself, but just never had a diagnoses. Nevertheless, Sigmund Freud opened a window of opportunity for the many psychologists whom succeeded him.
The psychological genre as it relates to sociological and medicinal matters has gained an increasing amount of scientific approval. Impartiality and the scientific method are both integral components to a psychologists mode of practice. However, even the most esteemed of psychologists can only speculate at what makes human beings act the way they do. Absolutes play no function in psychology. ...
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