ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. If I were to design a study to examine the effects of taking an online course, I would do a case study. I would find a subject and record their behavioral patterns during attendance at a university. I would observe course load, study habits, length of study time, quality of assignments and overall grades. I would then do the same with an online course, studying the same patterns and behaviors.
2. Life is good. I am doing one of the activities that I most enjoy. I am taking a nice long walk in the woods. All of the sudden, a HUGE bear appears out of nowhere. This scary creature is standing 10 feet in front of me.
He stops, glances at me as if debating whether to come close to me or not, and continues on. I should feel better with his departure. But fear has already taken hold. It must be some kind of spinal reflex. My sensory nerves kick in. They see the scary bear, and send the message of fear to my spinal cord, where they are then transmitted to my brain.
Next, my motor nerves carry orders to my muscles, glands and other internal organs to actually react to what my sensory nerves say. This all happens in a matter of seconds… and I flee, to scared to even look back. 3. According to Wade and Tarvis (Pg. 17-19) Psychology has five major theoretical perspectives that each makes their own altruistic contributions to psychology.
The biological perspective, which studies the biological explanations of motivation, personality, social interaction, memory and psychological disorders. This approach is important in helping us understand the biological explanations of psychology. The learning perspective stresses that people are unique and complex organisms and that each person is affected by their environments and experiences. The learning approach is elemental in helping us understand the fields of personality, psychotherapy and motivation.
New study area: Psychology By Vera This term, I have been working extremely hard on only one thing—changing my major form management science to psychology, which finally come true. Several days after I got the good news, I had been doubting whether it was true or not. During the past five years, I always had a fantastic dream of studying psychology as my major; however, unfortunately I failed in ...
The third theoretical perspective, or approach, is the psycho dynamic approach, which was greatly influenced by the works of Sigmund Freud. It emphasizes unconscious motivation and the influence of sexual and aggressive drive on behavior. It also impacts the fields of understanding personality and psychological disorders. Cognitive psychology is the approach that includes the study of mental process, such as thinking, perception, memory and problem solving. Cognitive psychology is very important because it influences virtually every field of psychology. The fifth perspective is the sociocultural approach, which emphasizes the importance of culture, gender and ethnicity in understanding how we think, feel and act.
The sociocultural perspective has helped in forming psychology as we know it today. 4. Perceptual are important in allowing us to experience continuity. They are responsible for allowing us to perceive objects in a consistent manner, despite the fact that the angles and distance from which we see theses objects is constantly changing.
Without perceptual, our world would be a very confusing place, and it would be hard for us to adapt to our environment. Scientifically put, visual constancy allows us to focus on the permanent features of objects, rather than the changing retinal images. For example, we are able to identify our friends and family members by their permanent features and markings. Imagine what would happen if we could not identify them because they wore different clothes each time we saw them.
There are different kinds of perceptual. There are color, and also size and shape. Although most people don’t notice, the way the environment is illuminated determines what color you perceive. Color constancy is basically the ability to see familiar objects in the same color regardless of the illumination. Shape constancy is this same, only with shape. It allows us to perceive familiar objects as having a permanent shape, even though we look at these objects from many different angles.
Cognitive psychology Describe and evaluate cognitive psychology, refer to at least one other approach. Cognitive psychology focuses on exploring internal mental processes such as memory. They are interested in how individuals can learn; solve problems and mental processes that exist between a stimulus and a response i.e. thinking and interpretation. To explain models are used, one model is the ...
For example, we still see a door as a square object, regardless of the angle in which we view it. Next, and just as important, is size constancy. Generally, we see an object as remaining the same size, even though the image it actually casts on the retina may vary. For example, as the distance of an object becomes farther away from us, the image it casts on the retina becomes smaller. We still tend to perceive that object as being the same size, just being farther away. When these fail, it is called a perceptual illusion.
This most common, and the most studied of these illusions are optical illusions. “Visual illusions occur when the strategies that normally lead to accurate perception are overextended to situations where they do not apply” (Wade, Tarvis Pg. 199).
A chopstick in a glass of water appears to be bent because of the way that water and air refract light differently..