Technological advances like e-learning, internet; educational cds, digital classrooms, etc. are being embraced by several educational institutions to provide the students with large amounts of relevant information. The institutions today can have classes with lecturers from across the world or even virtual classrooms where skills and learning can be put to practical use to the extent unimaginable a few years back. Also, the delivery of the information through these mediums is in a much more interactive and creative manner than textbooks, resulting in there being a shift in the culture of learning from ‘memorizing’ to ‘understanding’.
The usage of technology has already become an integral part of higher education and has been rapidly trickling down to touch the students at the beginner level. Recently, a school in Mumbai informed all the students from medium school onwards to purchase electronic tablets for their educational purposes. This is a display of the drastic change in the educational patterns and processes. In such age of technological change, the role of teachers is also changing. They are no longer the bearer of knowledge, the one and only point of contact to provide information and solutions.
The students are faced with a different problem today, the issue being the excess of information available to the students. There is need for the teacher to be a mentor and guide the students through the chaotic bombardment of information in a structured manner. There have been several issues identified in the form of rising costs, accessibility to technology, etc. However, as put by Mr. Arnab Ganguly, former chairman of CBSE, “Technology is playing a vital role in education in developed countries and this is the fact we can not escape from”.
The use of information and communication technology has taken wider scope in the banking sectors than previous years because of the reach of the people to the ICT infrastructure and easy availability of its products. The use of ICT has been for long time in the western countries such as USA, UK, Australia and many more. However, the easy access to internet and other smart ICT product has made ...
Sandeep Chalamalasetty Login ID: PNPO13021300502 ————————————————————————- Case Study 2: Social networking in our lives ————————————————————————- The world today has shrunk and it is rightly referred to as a global village, with information, data and news flying across to different corners at the blink of an eye. All it requires is the click of a button and all the information you need is in front of you on your screen.
The availability of information has also extended to our personal lives with the entrance of social networking platforms. Today, the availability of the social networking platforms like Facebook, Google+, Orkut, Twitter, LinkedIn, etc. information about individuals is freely available to all. One can easily be in touch with thousands of individuals across different phases of their life. One is regularly updated with personal information, photographs, thoughts, opinions, and lots of other aspects of an individual’s life. The nature of social relationships is also undergoing a change.
Earlier friends would have picked up the phone to reach out to a friend, today they might choose to ‘poke’ the friend on facebook or write on the friend’s wall. Though the number of people the individual is in touch with in the virtual world increases drastically, it is seen that the individual’s personal interaction with individuals reduces. The virtual contact creates a false sense of being in touch with others, though the personal one on one interaction with individuals which are vital to any form of relationship is reduced.
Just having a Social Security number is no longer a symbol of adulthood, the numbers use is no longer confined to working and paying taxes. Government agencies, business and schools rely on Social Security numbers to identify people in their computer systems. Many people receive their Social Security numbers when they start their first job. It is the first step into becoming an American citizen ...
About twenty years ago, the British anthropologist, Robin Dunbar, observed an association between the sizes of primate brains–specifically the size of the neocortex–and the number of social contacts. Chimps can process a smaller number of contacts than humans. Dunbar concluded that humans can handle regular contact with a number of friends somewhere between 100 and 200, and 150 became the standard Dunbar number for our species. So, though the social networks tend to give the perception of an increased friend circle, the individuals are actually in touch with much lesser.
There are also cases of enhanced loneliness amongst individuals since the only interaction with their friends might be through the virtual media. Sandeep Chalamalasetty Login ID: PNPO13021300502 ——————————————————————————- Case Study 3: FDI in Indian retails- Boon or Bane? ——————————————————————————- The Indian economy has continuously recorded high growth rates over the past decade. As per the Indian Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, the Indian economy is expected to grow at around 7. % over the coming years. One of the major contributors to the growth shall be the Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) and it is predicted that over the next two years, India could attract FDI worth US$ 80 billion. The latest available data from the Reserve Bank of India shows a 77 per cent jump in the FDI in the first half of the current financial year (April-September), compared to what was US$ 19. 5 billion during the same period a year ago. FDI refers to an investment made to acquire lasting or long-term interest in enterprises operating outside of the economy of the investor.
It is a major source of external finance which means that countries with limited amounts of capital can receive finance beyond national borders from wealthier countries. In case of India, countries such as Singapore, the US and the UK are amongst the leading sources of FDI. The sectors which attract higher inflows are services, telecommunication, construction activities and computer software and hardware. Another sector which is looking at benefiting from FDI is the retail sector. There have been discussions about FDI being opened up in retail which has drawn a lot of support from international retailers like Walmart and Tesco.
. FDI IN MEXICO To begin describing how has been the growth and progress of FDI in Mexico it is important to define FDI itself. According to the OECD Economic Outlook of 2003, Foreign Direct Investment is "an activity in which an investor resident in one country obtains a lasting interest in, and a significant influence on the management of, an entity resident in another country. This may involve ...
It is also being seen as the means to put a structure in place to the highly unorganized retail structure prevalent in the country. The additional benefits in the form of lower costs and enhanced technologies make it an attractive proposition. However, the policy decision is faced with some resistance from internal organized retailers as well as some representatives of the unorganized sector. The entry of new competitors in the retail sector is being viewed as a threat by current players in the market. Sandeep Chalamalasetty Login ID: PNPO13021300502 ———————————————————————— Case Study 4: Generalization or Specialization? ————————————————————————- I remember the days when if I fell ill, my mother would take me to a general physician. The doctor would prescribe some medicines as per his initial diagnosis of the illness and past experience. In case of a failure in effectiveness of the medicine, other options were sought to address the illness. Zooming ahead to 2012, today we look at specialization in all fields.
Today if the child’s ear is blocked the mother will take him to an ENT specialist. Laws of economics support the practice, whereby, specialization and division of labor is expected to provide highest levels of productivity. This idea was, first, put forth by Mr. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, in his book ‘Wealth of the Nations’. Under this regime each worker becomes an expert in one isolated area of production, thus increasing his efficiency. The fact that laborers do not have to switch tasks during the day further saves time and money.
Society in Yesterdays and todays world Todays and yesterdays world have a great deal of difference and only a spec of similiarties. Yesterdays world was more of a civilized place not including the act of war and unneccessary battles. Society is the topic of yesterdays and todays world. Years and years of the past since the time of the Middles Ages, Reniassance and to the present. Women expected to ...
Specialization has also been the basis of trade between nations. The countries specialized in commodities that their resources could produce efficiently and then proceeded to trade. It was observed that the world productivity levels improved massively. The world today is shifting from demanding a “jack of all trades” to demanding the “master”. The abundance of information in today’s world leads to any person adept at internet search skills is able to provide a general perspective about any topic under the sun. The need is to be able to provide an in-depth idea about the topic.
Also, the level of competition in today’s world leaves no scope for error and thereby, comes the demand for specialization. With a team of such specialists, the performance delivered tends to have been scrutinized from the different perspectives, leaving lesser scope for flaws. The shift to specialization has influenced the growth of new industries and markets. It has also influenced our lifestyle, career choices and decisions. The need of the hour today is to hone the skill that exists nowhere but in yourself and thereby making oneself indispensable.