Due to the fact that both crime and unemployment are among the most important problems of society and the government, the relationship between them was studied by many sociologists and criminologists. Therefore, it is a problem of social and political importance. However, despite being the subject of a large number of studies, this connection still was not clearly specified. Some studies have reported positive, others null or negative crime-unemployment relationship. Nevertheless, all studies revealed that this connection is generally weaker than the one predicted theoretically.
Thus, the connection between unemployment and crime should be profoundly and thoroughly investigated. It is hypothesized that an increase in crime rates is caused by many factors and statistical data gives only a macro-level overview, while a more individual approach is likely to show more reliable results. It would not be out of place to draw the attention to the following literature reviews that attempt to demonstrate and support the hypothesis: the research done by Cantor and Land (1985), an analytical approach of Wright and Decker (1994), Cook and Zarkin`s analysis (1985), Greenberg`s investigation (2001) and Levitt`s exploration (2001).
Generally, the results of the research indicate that the primary hypothesis is generally correct. The results based on the analysis of different types of crime prove that all models and theories have to be specified and tested. It is also important to say that theories should summarize the results of empirical work. One should emphasize that all macro-level studies should be based on statistically valid data. Furthermore, the effects of other factors on crime cannot be ignored: if the increase in unemployment is followed by imposing a more severe punishment for crime, the connection between unemployment and crime will be distorted.
Gun control has been an issue in the United States of America since it's founding in 1776. After all, the first shots that were fired in the Revolutionary War at Lexington and Concord were an effort by the American colonists to keep the British army from taking the guns from the colonial armory. Even after gaining freedom from British control, the American people were obviously still concerned ...
On the whole, based on these five literature reviews, one can arrive at the conclusion that multifactor and individual-level theories are better sources of reliable results. A lot of work was done to estimate unemployment-crime relationship at the national level. Nevertheless, this topic is still worth exploring, but at lower levels of aggregation.