The two articles provide information about a problem which is globally well known, namely: Global Warming. Both articles haven been researched by scientists. But before I started writing I created a mind map. Mind Mapping is a useful technique that helps you learn more effectively, improves the way that you record information, and supports and enhances creative problem solving. By using Mind Maps, you can quickly identify and understand the structure of a subject. You can see the way that pieces of information fit together, as well as recording the raw facts contained in normal notes.
More than this, Mind Mapping helps you remember information, as they hold it in a format that your mind finds easy to recall and quick to review. The Mind Map below states the information I needed to be able to put together this report. In the middle I wrote the key word which to me was ‘Global Warming’. Surrounding this key word, I have written down everything that came into my mind regarding to this key word. For this report, I have formulated a clear problem statement. A problem statement is an essential part of my research because it will help me adress the problem in the right way.
By looking at my problem statement I know which tools are nessecary in order to get to the right angle of the problem which I am researching in this report. The problem statement is as follows: “How can every company and individual contribute to fight global warming? ”. Even though people and businesses are already taking some measures, the planet is still under too much pressure. Companies are using sustainability ‘going green’ as a tool to attract new customers and do not really take the environment into account the way they really should.
The Problem of Global Warming First discovered at the turn of the century by the Swedish scientist Arrhenius, global warming was initially thought to only cause increased greenhouse gases from coal combustion emissions. It wasn’t until fifty years later that the real causes and effects of global warming would be discovered. A British scientist by the name of Calendar correlated the 10% increase of ...
Individuals often state that they try to help by seperating garbage and buy packaging of products which can be re-used but also do not do this as consquent as they should. People are being adviced to make use of public transport more often but still the majority of people with a full time job prefers taking the car. What they do not know is that when driving a car, carbon dioxide comes in the air from burning gasoline. To back up my problem statement I have formulated a few subquestions as well. With the use of these sub- questions I will be able to find the best awnser for my problem statement.
The subquestions for the problem statement are: * What are the opinons of most people about global warming? * Which serious measures can companies take in order to fight against Global Warming? * Which measures can people take to fight global warming? * What will be the effects of global warming in the future? After finishing my research I will be able to anwsers these sub-questions and have one good and clear awnser for my problem statement. Furtermore in this report you will find the 2 articles, a CARS checklist, a summary,a searchplan, info about plagiarism, a list of references and a review.
The two scientific articles For this report I have searched for two complete scientific articles. The first article is an article provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Anthes, R. A. , Corell, R. W. , Holland, G. , Hurrell, J. W. , MacCracken, M. C. , & Trenberth, K. (2010, February 12).
Hurricanes and Global Warming—Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87: 623-628. Accessed April 15, 2010. It is a scientific article which is easy to read but still provides a lot of information for businesses and individuals.
Let Bolton Battle What if you had just got off work early and decided to fly home to surprise your family, but just as you take off the screaming starts. Your plane was just hijacked by an extremist terrorist group that hates the United States and is going to take the plane down in a city for maximum casualties. Do you think something should be done to prevent this? It is horrible that after 9/11 ...
The second article is an article provided by ‘Lice Science’ . It provides information about measures that can be taken by everyone to fight global warming. Bender, M. A. , Knutson, T. R. , Tuleya, R. E. , Sirutis, J. J. , Vecchi, G. A. , Garner, S. T. , and Held, I. M. (2010).
Summary The question how we can fight against Global Warming has raised many question marks on scientists but also on individuals. Even though scientists look at it from a different perspective, all individuals are going to have to change the way we treat our planet.
According to scientists and pressure groups such as green peace, even the slightest things such as separating garbage can make a difference. Already a lot of organizations and businesses have changed their style into ‘going green’ and now it is up to the people to follow this example. The scientists state that a lot of energy goes to waist simply because of the ignorance of every individual. We must keep in the back of our mind that out planet might look big and strong, but if we continue to treat it the way we do, there will not be a planet Earth for so long anymore.
A simple step which people can make according to scientist is to cut back on energy waist is simply turning of the light when you walk out of a room and/or change the light bulbs for a more environmental friendly one. There are now highly efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) that last for years, use a quarter of the energy of regular bulbs and actually produce more light. Another step we can take to fight Global Warming is to drive differently or change your vehicle. The sad truth is that your car emits as much carbon dioxide as your entire house.
That is the bad news. The good news is that anything you can do to improve the fuel efficiency of your car will have an enormous impact on climate change. In fact, experts say that paying attention to fuel efficiency in your car may be the single biggest thing you can do to prevent global warming for this planet. Besides this there are more measurements such as buy recycled and be a minimalist that can be taken to prevent Global Warming and the biggest challenge is to make people aware that they join to fight against this major problem.
It will not make much difference if only a few people on this planet help to fight against it ( even though it is still very much appreciated) but it will have a great impact if everyone joins. If this problem expands it will affect everyone and let us not forget the animals who will also suffer severely if we do not act. Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as many people burn fossil fuels. The global average surface temperature rose 0. to 0. 9 degrees Celsius between 1906 and 2005, and the rate of temperature increase has nearly doubled in the past 50 years. Temperatures are certain to go up further. Throughout its long history, Planet Earth has warmed and cooled time and again. The climate has changed when the planet received more or less sunlight due to subtle shifts in its orbit, as the atmosphere or surface changed, or when the Sun’s energy varied. But in the past century another force has started to influence the Earth’s climate namely: humanity.
This assignment specifically addresses the following learning objectives of the course: LO5 Demonstrate effective communication by composing writing that communicates ideas, meaning and/or argument in a format that broadly follows conventions in the information systems field. LO6 Apply technology and online skills to locate relevant information for the assignments, analyse the presented problems ...
The scientific article about global warming goes deeper into questions such as: * How does this warming compare to previous changes in Earth’s climate? * How can we be certain that human-released greenhouse gases are causing the warming? * How much more will the Earth warm? And how will this planet respond? These are the kind of questions which have kept scientists quite occupied for a while now. It is even one of the biggest challenges for them to be able to answer this question and a clear answer has not been found yet.
The main thing that has scientists concerned now is that over the past 250 years, humans have been artificially raising the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at an ever-increasing rate, mostly by burning fossil fuels, but also from cutting down carbon-absorbing forests. Since the Industrial Revolution began in 1750, carbon dioxide levels have increased nearly 38 percent as of 2009 and methane levels have increased 148 percent. The atmosphere today contains more greenhouse gas molecules, so more of the infrared energy emitted by the surface ends up being absorbed by the atmosphere.
Since some of the extra energy from a warmer atmosphere radiates back down to the surface, Earth’s surface temperature rises. By increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases, we are making Earth’s atmosphere a more efficient greenhouse. In the end for most places, global warming will result in more frequent hot days and fewer cool days, with the greatest warming occurring over land. Longer and more intense heat waves will become more common. Storms, floods, and droughts will generally be more severe as precipitation patterns change. Hurricanes may increase in intensity due to warmer ocean surface temperatures.
Sea level rise is accelerating. The number oflarge wildfires is growing. Dangerous heat waves are becoming more common. Extreme storm events are increasing in many areas. More severe droughts are occurring in others. These are just some of the consequences of global warming, which are already having significant and harmful effects on our health, our environment, and our communities. Unless we take ...
Out of this article we can all conclude that Global Warming will affect every living thing on this planet and that measurements need to be taken fast. If we take a look at the research question and the sub-question which I have created, we can state that the questions: * Which serious measures can companies take in order to fight against Global Warming? * Which measures can people take to fight global warming? * What will be the effects of Global Warming in the future? Have a clear awnser. Search Plan For the search plan I have created a few questions which helped me become more accurate about the subject.
What do I understand about this topic already? | At this point I don’t know much about the topic except for very basic things. I only know that global warming is very bad for the environment and that it could have dramatic consequences for this planet. | What is my search topic| Global Warming, Environmental problems, Fight global warming. | What are the keywords of phrases? | Scientific, Global Warming, Measurements| Which sources do I need to use in order to get the right form of information? | In this case, the internet was of great use in order to provide the best information.
The internet is where I found the two scientific articles. I also looked up key words which I did not understand. On www. Edomodo. com is a lot of information to students regarding this report. It was of great help. | What are my search methods? | I tried to first search for an easy explanation so I could understand the topic much faster. I was afraid that if I would begin to read the scientific article immediately that I would not understand it completely. When I fully understood the topic I searched for scientific articles about it, and I indeed understood everything much better by then. Search question 1| How did Global Warming occur? | Search question 2| How can we decrease further increase of Global Warming? | Search question 3| What are the future expectations according to scientists? | What exactly do I want the reader(s) of this report to find out by reading the summaries? | What Global Warming is and how we can fight against it together| C. A. R. S Checklist The CARS Checklist (Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, Support) is designed for ease of use. Few sources will meet every criterion in the list, and even those that do may not possess the highest level of quality possible.
Edmund Contoski, "Global Warming, Global Myth," Liberty, vol. 22, September 2008. © Copyright 2008, Liberty Foundation. Reproduced by permission. "In the last 1. 6 million years there have been 63 alternations between warm and cold climates, and no indication that any of them were caused by changes in carbon dioxide levels. " Edmund Contoski is a retired environmental consultant who now serves as ...
But by using the criteria, you can separate the high-quality information from the poor-quality information much better. CREDIBILITY – How do you know the information and author are authentic and reliable? | What is the publishing or sponsoring organization? | NASA| Is the author/producer an authority on the subject? | The author is fully in authority on the subject| What is the author/producer’s contact information? | University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado| ACCURACY – How do you know the information is up-to-date, factual, detailed, and comprehensive? What is the date of publication or copyright? | 2010| Does the information on the site agree with other sources? | Yes they do, they even mention them| Does the information contradict itself? | It does not. All information given is linked with each other. | How is the information relevant to your research needs? | It was relevant because it give the right information which I needed for this report. It was also relevant, I noticed this from the examples which were given in the article. | REASONABLENESS – How do you know the information is fair, objective, moderate, and consistent? In what way is the information provided balanced? | It was balanced in such a way that readers did get a lot if information by reading it without being confused.
| SUPPORT – How reliable, accurate, reasonable and well-supported are the sources for your resource? | How many sources support the resource? Can you find them easily? | I was surprised to see that many sources, but finding them was not difficult. | Pick one source and evaluate it with the CARS list. How credible, accurate, reasonable, and well-supported does it seem? | http://earthobservatory. nasa. gov/Features/GlobalWarming/page7. hpthis site was very use full, it was a good accurate site and also well supported. In this way I knew that this was very reliable. | Review References Anthes, R. A. , Corell, R. W. , Holland, G. , Hurrell, J. W. , MacCracken, M. C. , & Trenberth, K. (2010, February 12).
The America Book Association. Co-op Terms for Author Events Per Publisher Publisher Specified Amount Detail Simon and Schuster $200. 00 On title purchased specifically for and in-store author appearance arranged by Pocket Books, publisher will make available as an additional co-op advertising allowance and amount equal to 20% (but not exceed $200) of net billing for supporting order (either ...
Hurricanes and Global Warming—Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87: 623-628. Accessed April 15, 2010. Arctic Council. (2010).
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Report. Accessed March 22, 2009. Balachandran, N. , Rind, D. , Lonergan, P. , & Shindell, D. (2011).
Effects of solar cycle variability on the lower stratosphere and the troposphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(D22), 27, 321-327, 339. Bender, M. A. , Knutson, T. R. , Tuleya, R. E. , Sirutis, J. J. , Vecchi, G. A. , Garner, S. T. , and Held, I. M. (2010).
Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. Science, 327(5964), 454-458. Bonan, G. B. (2009).
Forests and Climate Change: Forcings, Feedbacks, and the Climate Benefits of Forests. Science, 320(5882), 1444-1449. Cazenave, A. (2011).
How fast are the ice sheets melting? Science, 314, 1251-1252.
Clement, A. C. , Burgman, R. , Norris, J. R. (2009, July 24) Observational and model evidence for positive low-level cloud feedback. Science, 325 (5939), 460-464. Dessler, A. , Zhang, Z. , Yang, P. (2009, October 23).
Water-vapor climate feedback inferred from climate fluctuations, 2003-2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L20704. Emanuel, K. (2012).
Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, 436, 686-688. Foucal, P. , Frolich, C. , Spruit, H. , and Wigley, T. (2008).
Variations in solar luminosity and their effect on the Earth’s climate.
Nature, 443, 161-166. Hansen, J. , Sato, M. , Ruedy, R. , Kharecha, P. , Lacis, A. , Miller, R. , Nazarenko, L. , et al. (2009).
Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS model E. Climate Dynamics, 29(7), 661-696. Hansen, J. , Nazarenko, L. , Ruedy, R. , Sato, M. , Willis, J. , Del Genio, A. , Koch, D. , Lacis, A. , Lo, K. , Menon, S. , Novakov, T. , Perlwitz, J. , Russell, G. , Schmidt, G. A. , and Tausnev, N. (2010, June 3).
Earth’s energy imbalance: confirmation and implications. Science, 308, 1431-1435. http://www. livescience. com/1289-fight-global-warming. html Plagiarism Conclusion